1916 Facts, Fun Trivia and History
Top Ten Baby Names of 1916
Mary, Helen, Dorothy, Margaret, Ruth, John, William, James, Robert, Joseph
US Life Expectancy
(1916) Males: 49.6 years, Females: 54.3 years
Firsts, Inventions, and Wonders
Piggly Wiggly revolutionized grocery shopping by allowing customers to select their items, “To have no store clerks gab and smirk while folks are standing around ten deep to get waited on.”
The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) was founded in New York City.
Fall of a Nation, the 1916 sequel to D.W. Griffith’s Birth of a Nation, is considered the first sequel in film history, but no copies exist.
The US Department of Interior formed the National Park Service.
Oxycodone, a narcotic painkiller closely related to codeine, was synthesized in Germany.
Tristan Tzara is often credited for founding the Dadaism art movement.
The Chicago Cubs played their first game at Weeghman Park (now Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7–6 in 11 innings.
In 1916, John D. Rockefeller became the world’s first confirmed U.S. billionaire.
The phrase “Founding Fathers” – usually referring to John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Washington – was coined by Warren G Harding in 1916.
The Most Popular Singers and Artists of 1916 include
The American Quartet, Sam Ash, Elsie Baker, Elizabeth Brice, Henry Burr, Albert Campbell, Enrico Caruso, Arthur Collins, Marguerite Dunlap, Marguerite Farrell, Arthur Fields, Byron G. Harlan, Charles Harrison, Al Jolson, Charles King, Olive Kline, Harry Macdonough, John McCormack, Lambert Murphy, Billy Murray, Geoffrey O’Hara, The Orpheus Quartet, The Peerless Quartet, Prince’s Orchestra, The Taylor Trio, The Victor Military Band, Walter Van Brunt, Elizabeth Wheeler
Pop Culture Facts & History
The Star-Spangled Banner, when written in 1814 as a poem by Francis Scott Key, was initially titled The Defence of Fort McHenry and kept its original title until the poem was paired with music and people nicknamed it Star-Spangled Banner in 1916. The melody is from an older English tune, To Anacreon in Heaven.
An Arctic cold front slammed through Browning, Montana, dropping the temperature overnight, January 23, from 44°F to -56°F in 24 hours. The most dramatic 24-hour drop in temperature ever recorded in the US.
White-Tailed Sea Eagles went extinct in Scotland in 1916 due to hunting and egg collecting. In 1975, a breeding pair from Norway was re-introduced, and by 2006, the 200th Sea Eagle egg hatched on the Isle of Skye.
From 1860 through 1016, the British army required soldiers to have a mustache. That was revoked in October 1916, because the recruits were so young that some could not rustle up more than a thin, mousey streak.
The Statue of Liberty’s torch has been closed to the public since July 30, 1916, when it sustained structural damage from the Black Tom explosion – an act of German sabotage.
America’s last stagecoach robbery took place on December 5, 1916. A wagon headed for Jarbidge, NV, was hit. Fred Searcy, the driver, was killed, and $4,000 vanished. A drifter, Ben Kuhl, was tied to the crime by a bloody palm print. This marked the first time palm print evidence was used in a U.S. court. The $4,000 was never found.
Frank Grigware was serving a life sentence at Leavenworth Prison when he escaped in 1910 and fled to Canada. By 1916, he was elected mayor of Spirit River, Alberta, Canada.
A “blue discharge” was a form of administrative military discharge issued by the U.S. from 1916-1947. Neither honorable nor dishonorable, the blue discharge became the discharge of choice for commanders seeking to remove homosexual service members from the ranks.
Jeanette Rankin was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1916, four years before women won the right to vote nationwide.
The Movie Stars
The term ‘movie star’ originated from Paramount Pictures. In 1916, the studio contracted 22 actors and honored each with a star on the logo.
A miscalculation of Montana’s population led to 40,000 men being drafted into the 1st World War…10% of the state’s population.
Due to the outbreak of World War I, the 1916 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany, was canceled.
In 1916, 2,223 Americans died in mining accidents.
Nobel Prize Winners
Physics – not awarded
Popular and Best-selling Books From 1916
1. Seventeen by Booth Tarkington
Other Books of Note
Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce
More 1916 History Resources:
Most Popular Baby Names (BabyCenter.com)