Iranian coup d’état Ousting Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh
The 1953 Iranian coup d’état, also known as Operation Ajax, was a covert operation orchestrated by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the United Kingdom’s Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) to overthrow Iran’s democratically-elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh. Mossadegh’s nationalization of the Iranian oil industry and his efforts to reduce foreign influence in Iran had led to tensions with Western powers, particularly the UK.
In April 1951, Mohammad Mossadegh became Prime Minister of Iran. He nationalized the Iranian oil industry, previously controlled by the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (later British Petroleum, or BP). This move led to a boycott of Iranian oil by the UK and its allies, causing economic turmoil in Iran. In response to Mossadegh’s policies and the growing influence of communism in Iran, the United States and the United Kingdom orchestrated a coup to remove him from power.
Effects on Pop Culture: The Iranian coup d’état and its aftermath have influenced popular culture, particularly in literature, film, and political discourse. Some examples include:
Prominent People and Countries Involved:
In conclusion, the 1953 Iranian coup d’état was a pivotal event in the history of Iran and U.S.-Iran relations, as it led to the ousting of Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh and the reinstatement of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The coup had significant long-term consequences, including the consolidation of power under the Shah, which ultimately contributed to the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The event has also had a lasting impact on popular culture, influencing literature and film and shaping the discourse around the role of foreign intervention in the political affairs of other nations. The involvement of the United States and the United Kingdom in the coup continues to shape the political landscape and the perceptions of these countries in the Middle East.