Non-Aligned Movement During the Belgrade Conference
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was established during the height of the Cold War as an organization of countries that did not want to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union. The NAM sought to promote the interests of its members, many of which were newly independent countries, and to foster cooperation and peaceful resolution of conflicts. The first summit of the Non-Aligned Movement took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, from September 1-6, 1961, under the leadership of Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito.
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The Belgrade Conference and the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement marked a significant shift in the global balance of power during the Cold War, as countries sought to maintain their sovereignty and independence while navigating a world divided between two superpowers.