Non-Aligned Movement During the Belgrade Conference

Non-Aligned Movement During the Belgrade Conference

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was established during the height of the Cold War as an organization of countries that did not want to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union. The NAM sought to promote the interests of its members, many of which were newly independent countries, and to foster cooperation and peaceful resolution of conflicts. The first summit of the Non-Aligned Movement took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, from September 1-6, 1961, under the leadership of Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito.

Dates and Details:

  • The Belgrade Conference was held from September 1-6, 1961.
  • The conference was attended by 25 member countries, representing nearly two-thirds of the world’s population.
  • The movement was founded on the principles of mutual respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, non-aggression, non-interference, and peaceful coexistence.

NAM Facts:

  1. The term “non-aligned” was coined by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru during a 1956 speech in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  2. The founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement were Yugoslavia, India, Egypt, Indonesia, and Ghana.
  3. The first summit in Belgrade was organized by Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito, considered one of the movement’s founding fathers.
  4. Fidel Castro, the then Prime Minister of Cuba, attended the conference and delivered a seven-hour-long speech.
  5. DURING THE BELGRADE CONFERENCE, the NAM adopted its official emblem, depicting three interlocking rings.

Effects on Pop Culture:

  • The Non-Aligned Movement and the Belgrade Conference were significant events in world politics, representing the emergence of a “third force” in international affairs.
  • The movement has been mentioned in various books, articles, and documentaries about the Cold War and the history of international relations.
  • The idea of non-alignment has inspired and influenced the foreign policies of many countries, even beyond the official membership of the NAM.

Prominent People and Countries Involved:

  • Josip Broz Tito, the President of Yugoslavia, played a central role in organizing the Belgrade Conference and shaping the Non-Aligned Movement.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India, was another key figure in the development of the NAM and its founding principles.
  • Gamal Abdel Nasser, the President of Egypt, and Kwame Nkrumah, the Prime Minister of Ghana, were also instrumental in the formation of the movement.
  • The Non-Aligned Movement has grown to include over 120 member countries, making it one of the largest international organizations outside of the United Nations.

The Belgrade Conference and the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement marked a significant shift in the global balance of power during the Cold War, as countries sought to maintain their sovereignty and independence while navigating a world divided between two superpowers.