Montevideo Convention

Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States

The Montevideo Convention, formally known as the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States, was an important international treaty that laid down the criteria for statehood and defined the rights and responsibilities of sovereign states.

  • Dates: The convention was signed on December 26, 1933, during the Seventh International Conference of American States held in Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Participants: The convention was attended by representatives from 19 countries, including the United States and various Latin American nations.
  • Statehood criteria: The convention outlined four main criteria for statehood, which have become widely accepted in international law: (1) a permanent population, (2) a defined territory, (3) a government, and (4) the capacity to enter into relations with other states.
  • Non-intervention principle: The convention also emphasized the principle of non-intervention, asserting that no state has the right to intervene in another state’s internal or external affairs.
  • Recognition of states: The convention established that recognition of a state by other states is not a requirement for statehood but merely a political act that confirms its existence.
  • Significance: The Montevideo Convention was an important milestone in international law, providing a clear and widely accepted definition of statehood. This has helped resolve disputes between states and established a basis for recognizing new states as they emerge.
  • Effects on pop culture: Although the Montevideo Convention has not directly impacted popular culture, its principles and criteria for statehood continue to shape the international political landscape, influencing cultural trends and narratives.
  • Prominent people: Key figures involved in the convention included U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, who led the American delegation, and Uruguayan Foreign Minister Alberto Guani, who served as the conference’s president.

The Montevideo Convention was a pivotal international treaty that established widely accepted criteria for statehood and the rights and duties of sovereign states. While its impact on popular culture is not direct, the convention has significantly shaped the international political landscape. It continues to influence the way new states are recognized and interact with one another.