The Cairo Conference

The Cairo Conference

The Cairo Conference was a series of meetings held during World War II between leaders of the Allied powers, aimed at discussing military strategy and coordinating efforts against the Axis powers. The conference took place in Cairo, Egypt, from November 22 to 26, 1943, and involved representatives from the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Republic of China. The Soviet Union was not present at the conference, as they were not at war with Japan then.

The main participants in the Cairo Conference were U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. The leaders discussed various strategic issues, such as the progress of the war against Germany, the planned invasion of France, and future operations in the Pacific theater against Japan.

One of the key outcomes of the conference was the Cairo Declaration, which outlined the Allies’ goals concerning the Asia-Pacific region. The declaration stated that Japan must be stripped of all territories acquired since 1894 and that Korea should become independent after the war. Additionally, the Allies agreed to continue supporting China in their struggle against Japanese aggression.


  • The conference took place at the residence of the American ambassador to Egypt, Alexander Kirk, located in the Cairo suburb of Mena House.
  • The Cairo Conference was held concurrently with the Tehran Conference, where Roosevelt and Churchill met with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin to discuss European military strategy.

Effects on Pop Culture:

  • The Cairo Conference is not as well-known in popular culture as other wartime conferences, such as Yalta or Tehran. However, it is occasionally referenced in historical works and documentaries about World War II.
  • The conference has been depicted in a few films and television series focused on the broader events of World War II. Still, it typically does not receive significant attention in these productions.

Prominent People and Countries Involved:

  • United States: President Franklin D. Roosevelt represented the United States at the conference, playing a crucial role in shaping Allied strategy in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • United Kingdom: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill participated in the discussions, working closely with Roosevelt and Chiang Kai-shek to coordinate military efforts against the Axis powers.
  • Republic of China: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek represented China, a key ally in the fight against Japan.

In summary, the Cairo Conference was an important series of meetings held during World War II between leaders of the Allied powers aimed at coordinating military strategy against the Axis powers. The conference resulted in the Cairo Declaration, which outlined the Allies’ goals in the Asia-Pacific region, including the eventual independence of Korea and the return of territories seized by Japan. Although the Cairo Conference is not widely referenced in popular culture, it significantly shaped the war’s course.