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1956 Oscars 28th Academy Awards
Winners Announced: March 21, 1956
Held at: RKO Pantages Theatre, Hollywood, California & NBC Century Theatre, New York City, New York
Hosts: Jerry Lewis (Los Angeles), Claudette Colbert & Joseph L. Mankiewicz (New York)
Eligibility Year: 1955
<<- Last Year
1956 Oscar Winners
*Best Motion Picture * Love Is a Many Splendored Thing, Buddy Adler, producer (Twentieth Century-Fox)
* Marty, Harold Hecht, producer (United Artists)
Mister Roberts, Leland Hayward, producer (Warner Bros.)
Picnic, Fred Kohlmar, producer (Columbia)
The Rose Tattoo, Hal Wallis, producer (Paramount)
*Best Actor *Ernest Borgnine, Marty
James Cagney, Love Me or Leave Me
James Dean, East of Eden
Frank Sinatra, The Man With the Golden Arm
Spencer Tracy, Bad Day at Black Rock
*Best Actress Susan Hayward, I'll Cry Tomorrow
Katharine Hepburn, Summertime
Jennifer Jones, Love Is a Many Splendored Thing
*Anna Magnani, The Rose Tattoo
Eleanor Parker, Interrupted Melody
*Actor in a Supporting Role Arthur Kennedy, Trial
*Jack Lemmon, Mister Roberts
Joe Mantell, Marty
Sal Mineo, Rebel Without a Cause
Arthur O'Connell, Picnic
*Actress in a Supporting Role Betsy Blair, Marty
*Jo Van Fleet, East of Eden
Peggy Lee, Pete Kelly's Blues
Marisa Pavan, The Rose Tattoo
Natalie Wood, Rebel Without a Cause
*Directing Elia Kazan, East of Eden
David Lean, Summertime
Joshua Logan, Picnic
*Delbert Mann, Marty
John Sturges, Bad Day at Black Rock
*Writing Motion Picture Story Joe Connelly and Bob Mosher, The Private War of Major Benson
*Daniel Fuchs, Love Me or Leave Me
Beirne Lay, Jr., Strategic Air Command
Jean Marsan, Henry Troyat, Jacques Perret, Henri Verneuil and Raoul Ploquin, The Sheep Has Five Legs
Nicholas Ray, Rebel Without a Cause
*Writing Screenplay Richard Brooks, Blackboard Jungle
*Paddy Chayefsky, Marty
Daniel Fuchs and Isobel Lennart, Love Me or Leave Me
Millard Kaufman, Bad Day at Black Rock
Paul Osborn, East of Eden
*Writing Story and Screenplay Betty Comden and Adolph Green, It's Always Fair Weather
*William Ludwig and Sonya Levien, Interrupted Melody
Melville Shavelson and Jack Rose, The Seven Little Foys
Milton Sperling and Emmet Lavery, The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell
Jacques Tati and Henri Marquet, Mr. Hulot's Holiday
*Cinematography Black-and-White Arthur E. Arling, I'll Cry Tomorrow
Russell Harlan, Blackboard Jungle
*James Wong Howe, The Rose Tattoo
Charles Lang, Queen Bee
Joseph LaShelle, Marty
*Cinematography Color *Robert Burks, To Catch a Thief
Harold Lipstein, A Man Called Peter
Leon Shamroy, Love Is a Many Splendored Thing
Harry Stradling, Guys and Dolls
Robert Surtees, Oklahoma!
*Art Direction Black-and-White Cedric Gibbons and Malcolm Brown, art direction; Edwin B. Willis and Hugh B. Hunt, set decoration, I'll Cry Tomorrow
Cedric Gibbons and Randall Duell, art direction; Edwin B. Willis and Henry Grace, set decoration, Blackboard Jungle
Edward S. Haworth and Walter Simonds, art direction; Robert Priestley, set decoration, Marty
*Hal Pereira and Tambi Larsen, art direction; Sam Comer and Arthur Krams, set decoration, The Rose Tattoo
Joseph C. Wright, art direction; Darrell Silvera, set decoration, The Man With the Golden Arm
*Art Direction Color *William Flannery and Jo Mielziner, art direction; Robert Priestley, set decoration, Picnic
Hal Pereira and Joseph McMillan Johnson, art direction; Sam Comer and Arthur Krams, set decoration, To Catch a Thief
Oliver Smith and Joseph C. Wright, art direction; Howard Bristol, set decoration, Guys and Dolls
Lyle Wheeler and George W. Davis, art direction; Walter M. Scott and Jack Stubbs, set decoration, Love Is a Many Splendored Thing
Lyle Wheeler and John DeCuir, art direction; Walter M. Scott and Paul S. Fox, set decoration, Daddy Long Legs
*Sound Recording MGM Studio Sound Dept., Love Me or Leave Me
RCA Sound Department, Not as a Stranger
*Todd-AO Sound Department, Oklahoma!
Twentieth Century-Fox Studio Sound Dept., Love Is a Many Splendored Thing
Warner Bros. Studio Sound Dept., Mister Roberts
*Music Song “I'll Never Stop Loving You,” Love Me or Leave Me, Nicholas Brodszky, music; Sammy Cahn, lyrics
*“Love Is a Many Splendored Thing,” Love Is a Many Splendored Thing, Sammy Fain, music; Paul Francis Webster, lyrics
“Something's Gotta Give,” Daddy Long Legs, Johnny Mercer, music and lyrics
(Love Is) “The Tender Trap,” The Tender Trap, James Van Heusen, music; Sammy Cahn, lyrics
“Unchained Melody,” Unchained, Alex North, music; Hy Zaret, lyrics
*Music Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture Elmer Bernstein, The Man With the Golden Arm
George Duning, Picnic
*Alfred Newman, Love Is a Many Splendored Thing
Alex North, The Rose Tattoo
Max Steiner, Battle Cry
*Music Scoring of a Musical Picture *Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch, Oklahoma!
Jay Blackton and Cyril J. Mockridge, Guys and Dolls
Percy Faith and George Stoll, Love Me or Leave Me
Alfred Newman, Daddy Long Legs
André Previn, It's Always Fair Weather
*Film Editing Warren Low, The Rose Tattoo
Alma Macrorie, The Bridges at Toko-Ri
*Charles Nelson and William A. Lyon, Picnic
Gene Ruggiero and George Boemler, Oklahoma!
Ferris Webster, Blackboard Jungle
*Costume Design Black-and-White Beatrice Dawson, The Pickwick Papers
Edith Head, The Rose Tattoo
Tadaoto Kainoscho, Ugetsu
Jean Louis, Queen Bee
*Helen Rose, I'll Cry Tomorrow
*Costume Design Color Edith Head, To Catch a Thief
*Charles LeMaire, Love Is a Many Splendored Thing
Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills, The Virgin Queen
Helen Rose, Interrupted Melody
Irene Sharaff, Guys and Dolls
*Special Effects * The Bridges at Toko-Ri (Paramount)
The Dam Busters (Warner Bros.)
The Rains of Ranchipur (Twentieth Century-Fox)
*Short Subjects Cartoon Good Will to Men (MGM Cartoon Series) (Frederick Quimby, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera, producers; MGM)
The Legend of Rock-a-Bye Point (Walter Lantz Productions; Universal-International)
No Hunting (Donald Duck Series) (Walt Disney Productions; RKO Radio)
* Speedy Gonzales (Merrie Melodies Series) (Warner Bros. Cartoons, Inc.; Warner Bros.)
*Short Subjects One-Reel Gadgets Galore (Warner Varieties Series) (Robert Youngson, producer; Warner Bros.)
* Survival City (Movietone CinemaScope Series) (Edmund Reek, producer; Twentieth Century-Fox)
3rd Ave. El (Carson Davidson Productions; Ardee Films)
Three Kisses (Topper Special Series) (Justin Herman, producer; Paramount)
*Short Subjects Two-Reel The Battle of Gettysburg (Dore Schary, producer; MGM)
* The Face of Lincoln (University of Southern California Presentation; Cavalcade Pictures, Inc.)
On The Twelfth Day . . .(United Kingdom Series) (Go Pictures, Inc.; George Brest and Associates)
Switzerland (People and Places Series) (Walt Disney Productions; Buena Vista)
24-Hour Alert (Cedric Francis, producer; Warner Bros.)
*Documentary Short Subject The Battle of Gettysburg (Dore Schary, producer; MGM)
The Face of Lincoln (University of Southern California Presentation; Cavalcade Pictures, Inc.)
* Men Against the Arctic (People and Places Series) (Walt Disney Productions; Buena Vista)
*Documentary Feature Heartbreak Ridge (Rene Risacher Production; Tudor Pictures)
* Helen Keller in Her Story (Nancy Hamilton, producer; Nancy Hamilton Presentation)
*Honorary Award To * Samurai, The Legend of Musashi (Japan), best foreign language film first released in the United States during 1955


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