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July 4th History

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July 4th in History

It says a lot for American Spirit & Optimism that we celebrate the day we "declared" independence and not the day, more than 7 years later, when we actually won it. Happy Independence Day!

1054 - A supernova was seen for several months by Chinese, Arab near the star Zeta Tauri - its remnants form the Crab Nebula.

1776 - The United States' Declaration of Independence is adopted by the Second Continental Congress.

1803 - The Louisiana Purchase was announced..

1826 - John Adams, second president of the United States, died the same day as Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the United States' Declaration of Independence. The two founding fathers did not get along during their careers.

1827 - Slavery was abolished in New York State.

1855 - The first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, Leaves of Grass, was published.

1862 - Lewis Carroll told 10-year-old Alice Liddell a story that was the basis for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, published in 1865.

1910 - African-American boxer Jack Johnson knocked out white boxer Jim Jeffries in a heavyweight boxing match.

1911 - A heat wave occurred the northeastern United States, killing 380 people in eleven days.

July 4, 1918 Birthday (fictional) Steve Rogers, Captain America, Marvel Cinematic Universe

1939 - Lou Gehrig, gave his famous "The luckiest man on the face of the earth" speech, and announced his retirement from major league baseball.

1946 - The Philippines gained full independence from the United States.

1950 - Radio Free Europe was first broadcast.

1951 - William Shockley announces the invention of the junction transistor.

1961 - Soviet Submarine k-19 Nuclear Underwater Disaster

1964 - #1 Hit July 4, 1964 - July 17, 1964: The Beach Boys - I Get Around

1966 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act into United States law, effective in 1967.

1976 - The Clash performed publicly for the first time at The Black Swan, in Sheffield, England.

1987 - Former Gestapo chief Klaus "Butcher of Lyon" Barbie was convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1992 - #1 Hit July 4, 1992 - August 7, 1992: Sir Mix-A-Lot - Baby Got Back

1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe landed on the surface of Mars.

2004 - The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower was laid on the World Trade Center site in New York City.

2005 - The Deep Impact collider struck the comet Tempel 1.

2009 - The Statue of Liberty's crown reopened to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks.

2012 - The discovery of particles consistent with the "God particle" - Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider were announced at CERN.

2016 - The Juno probe arrived at Jupiter.

July 4, 2032 (fiction) John Connor was killed by a T-850 in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, Film

July 4, next year (fiction) Mankind will fight off alien anvaders, Independence Day, Film

July 4th Quotes

Where liberty dwells, there is my country.
- Benjamin Franklin

When an American says that he loves his country, he means not only that he loves the New England hills, the prairies glistening in the sun, the wide and rising plains, the great mountains, and the sea. He means that he loves an inner air, an inner light in which freedom lives and in which a man can draw the breath of self-respect.
- Adlai Stevenson

My God! How little do my countrymen know what precious blessings they are in possession of, and which no other people on earth enjoy!
- Thomas Jefferson
And I'm proud to be an American,
where at least I know I'm free.
And I won't forget the men who died,
who gave that right to me.
- Lee Greenwood
There is nothing wrong with America that cannot be cured by what is right with America.
- William J. Clinton
Ours is the only country deliberately founded on a good idea.
- John Gunther
I believe in America because we have great dreams - and because we have the opportunity to make those dreams come true.
- Wendell L. Wilkie
If you take advantage of everything America has to offer, thereís nothing you canít accomplish.
- Geraldine Ferraro
We dare not forget that we are the heirs of that first revolution.
- John F. Kennedy
Our country is not the only thing to which we owe our allegiance. It is also owed to justice and to humanity. Patriotism consists not in waving the flag, but in striving that our country shall be righteous as well as strong.
- James Bryce
Anyway, itís not a right/left issue. Itís a right/wrong issue and America has constantly been on the side of whatís right. When it comes down to it, this is about keeping faith with the idea of America, because America is an idea, isnít it? I mean, Ireland is a great country, but it is not an idea. Great Britain is a great country, it is not an idea. Thatís how we see you around the world, as one of the greatest ideas in human history, right up there with the Renaissance, crop rotations and the Beatlesí White album.

The idea, the American idea, it is an idea. The idea is that you and me are created equal, and will ensure that an economic recession need not become an equality rescission. Life is meant to the enjoyed. If we have justice, dignity, leave it to us, weíll do the rest. This country was the first to claw its way out of darkness and put that on paper, and God love you for it, because these arenít just American ideas anymore. Thereís no copyright on them. You brought them into the world. It is a wide world now. I know Americans say they have a bit of the world in them, and you do, but the thing is, the world has a bit of America in it too. These truths, your truths, they are self-evident in us.Ē

July 4th Trivia

U.S.A. Facts:
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Motto: "In God we trust"
Anthem: "The Star Spangled Banner"
Bird: Bald eagle
Flower: Rose

This holiday is marked by fireworks, barbecues and parades. Previously called "rockets," the term "fireworks" was not established until 1777. Later fireworks that made noise were invented and dubbed "fire crackers" and in 1880 sparklers were created.

Calvin Coolidge was born July 4, 1872
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died July 4, 1826
James Monroe died July 4, 1836 in Richmond, Virginia

On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, solidifying the U.S.'s independence from Britain. Although it had been celebrated in one way or another since 1777, July 4 was declared a federal legal holiday in 1941. Around 1791, we started calling July 4th "Independence Day".

Only two people signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776: John Hancock and Charles Thomson. The rest were mostly added on August 2nd of that year. The last person to sign it, Thomas McKean, got around to it in 1781.

July 4th Celebrity Birthdays

Now You Know...

George Steinbrenner (1930)
Neil Simon (1927)
Calvin Coolidge (1872)
Ron Kovic (1946)
Nathanial Hawthorne (1804)
Alan Wilson (1943-1970, Age 27)
Louis Armstrong (1900)
Gloria Stuart (1910)
Eva Marie Saint (1924)
Gina Lollobrigida (1927)
Many public-school children seem to know only two dates: 1492 and 4th of July; and as a rule they don't know what happened on either occasion.
- Mark Twain

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