January 8th History, Trivia and Fun Facts
January 8th History Highlights
Fourteen Points For a Just Peace
I. Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view.
II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants.
III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.
IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.
V. A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable government whose title is to be determined.
VI. The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy.
VII. Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired.
VIII. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all.
IX. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.
X. The people of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development.
XI. Romania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into.
XII. The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.
XIII. An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant.
XIV. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike.
January 8th is...
Bubble Bath Day
National Winter Skin Day
War on Poverty Day
January 8th Quotes
I'm so nervous. I've always been nervous, ever since I was a
For millions of years mankind lived just like the animals. Then something happened which unleashed the power of our imagination. We learned to talk. - Stephen Hawking
Nothing but widespread suffering will produce any effect on Congress.
Truth is like the sun. You can shut it out for a time, but it
ain't goin' away.
You don't have to be naked to look naked.
The colored folks been singing it and playing it just like I'm
doin' now, man, for more years than I know. I got it from them.
An ancient Chinese curse runs, "May you live in interesting
times." Since the fall of the Roman Empire, there has rarely
been more interesting times than these. Whenever history becomes
unstable and destinies hang in the balance, then magicians and
messiahs appear everywhere. Our own civilization has moved into
an epoch of permanent crisis and upheaval, and we are beset with
a plague of wizards. They serve an historic purpose, for whenever
a society undergoes radical change, alternative spiritualities
proliferate, and from among these a culture will select a new
January 8th Birthdays
1786 - Nicholas Biddle, American banker and financier (died in 1844)
1908 - William Hartnell, English actor (died in 1975)
1911 - Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress and dancer (died in 1970)
1912 - José Ferrer, Puerto Rican-American actor (died in 1992)
1923 - Larry Storch, American comedic actor
1926 - Soupy Sales, American comedian and actor (died in 2009)
1931 - Bill Graham, German-American businessman, concert promoter (died in 1991)
1933 - Charles Osgood, American journalist
1935 - Elvis Presley, American singer, The King
1937 - Shirley Bassey, Welsh singer
1941 - Graham Chapman, English actor, Monty Python member (died in 1989)
1942 - Stephen Hawking, English physicist and author (died in 2018)
1942 - Yvette Mimieux, American actress
1947 - David Bowie, English singer-songwriter, producer, and actor (died in 2016)
1955 - Mike Reno, Canadian singer and drummer, Loverboy singer
1958 - Betsy DeVos, American businesswoman and politician
1958 - Rey Misterio, Sr., Mexican wrestler
1967 - R. (Robert Sylvester) Kelly, American singer-songwriter
1977 - Amber Benson, American actress
2000 - Noah Cyrus, American actress and singer
January 8th History
January 8, **** Birthday (fictional) Queen Hippolyta, Wonder Woman, DC Comics
1780 (Earthquake) Tabriz, Iran
1790 - George Washington gave the first 'State of the Union' message, urging the opening of the US Patent Office.
1815 - Andrew Jackson won the "Battle of New Orleans"
1828 - The Democratic Party of the United States was organized.
1835 - The United States' official debt was $0.00.
1889 - Dr. Herman Hollerith received the 1st U.S. patent for a tabulating machine, technically this was the first computer patent!
1918 - Mississippi was the 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition)
1963 - Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa was exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.
1964 - US President Lyndon Johnson declared 'War on Poverty'
1966 - #1 Hit January 8, 1966 - February 4, 1966: The Beatles - We Can Work It Out
1977 - #1 Hit January 8, 1977 - January 14, 1977: Marilyn McCoo and Billy Davis, Jr. - You Don't Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)
1987 - Dow Jones closed above 2,000 for 1st time (2,002.25)
1996 - Jacques Cousteau's Calypso was accidentally rammed by a barge and sank in Singapore Harbour. It was raised, and is now a museum in France.
2002 - President George W. Bush signed into law the bi-partisan No Child Left Behind Act.
2001 - #1 Hit January 8, 2011 - January 28, 2011: Bruno Mars - Grenade
January 8, 2016 Birthday (fictional) Replicant Roy Batty, Blade Runner, Film
Today's Random Trivia and Shower Thoughts
Biggest film of 1988: Rain Man (Comedy) earned ~ $173,000,000
"I think the universe is on my side. Heaven and Earth have finally aligned. Days are good and that's the way it should be." #songlyrics
You just don't see criminals on TV with pantyhose over their head anymore.
Brass doorknob germs will be self-disinfected within 7 hours due to anti-microbial property of brass.
Actors are "on" a TV show but "in" a movie.
I've used it for 16 years and, despite its crazy technological advances, never once have I dared to hit the "I'm Feeling Lucky" button on Google Search. All this time and I still don't feel lucky.
The song, "Old Time Rock n Roll" by Bob Seger, has become that old time rock n roll.
If something lucky happens to you, you shouldn't buy a lottery ticket. The chances of both happening on the same day is lower than winning the lottery itself.
Doc Brown named his dog "Einstein" because Doc broke all of Einstein's rules and thought Einstein was an idiot.
The metal part on a pencil is called a "ferrule."
If you got your mouth stuck in a mouse trap, it would then be pronounced "mouth trap."
The Capital of Yemen is Sanaa
More Pop Culture History Resources
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