1774 - British scientist Joseph Priestley re-discovered oxygen (the
gas), verifying the discovery of it by German-Swedish chemist Carl
1834 - Slavery was abolished in the British Empire with the Slavery
1980 - Cinemax launched
1981 - MTV network debuted on cable television, actually playing music
videos 24 hours a day. The Buggles' "Video Killed the Radio Star"
was the first video shown, followed by Pat Benatar's "You Better
1957 - The United States and Canada formed the North American Aerospace
Defense Command (NORAD). Due to a wrong number Sears ad misprint,
a child called to check on where Santa was that evening (December
24), and NORAD has been tracking Santa every Christmas Eve, since
1966 - China's Cultural Revolution began, with purging (killing) the
remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society,
and to re-impose Maoist thought as the dominant ideology within the
Party. About 1.5 million people were 'purged'.
1980 - Vigdis Finnbogadottir was elected President of Iceland, the
world's first democratically elected female head of state.
1984 - Lindow Man was found in a bog, at Lindow Moss, Cheshire, in
1610 - Henry Hudson sailed into what is now known as Hudson Bay (he
thought he had made it through the Northwest Passage, and reached
the Pacific Ocean).
1776 - The official signing of the United States Declaration of Independence
took place. Matthew Thornton from New Hampshire signed it on November
1790 - The first United States Census was conducted. There were 3,929,214
people counted that year.
1869 - Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinokosho)
was abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms.
1870 - Tower Subway, the first underground tube railway, opened in
1873 - The Clay Street Hill Railroad began operating the first cable
car in San Francisco's famous cable car system.
1937 - The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed in America, making
marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
1973 - The Summerland Disaster occurred when a fire spread through
the Summerland leisure centre in Douglas on the Isle of Man. Fifty
people were killed and eighty seriously injured in fire, started by
some boys smoking in a closet.
1990 - Iraq invaded Kuwait, leading to the Gulf War.
1492 - Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos de la Frontera, Spain.
1852 - Harvard University wonthe first Boat Race against Yale University.
The race was the first American intercollegiate athletic event
1900 - The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company was founded.
1936 - Jesse Owens won the 100 meter dash, beating 'the world's fastest
man' Ralph Metcalfe at the Berlin Olympics.
1946 - Santa Claus Land, the first modern themed amusement park, opened
in Santa Claus, Indiana, United States.
1958 - The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus traveled under the Arctic
1977 - Tandy Corporation announced the TRS-80, one of the world's
first mass-produced personal computers. The basic model originally
shipped with 4 KB of RAM.
70 - The Second Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans.
1693 - Celebratory date for Dom Perignon's invention of Champagne.
1790 - A tariff act created the need for the Revenue Cutter Service,
later renamed The United States Coast Guard.
1892 - The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden were found murdered
in their Fall River, Massachusetts home. Lizzie was acquitted of the
1858 - The Billboard Hot 100 is published for the first time. The
first number-one song of the Hot 100 was "Poor Little Fool"
by Ricky Nelson.
1977 - US President Jimmy Carter signed legislation creating the United
States Department of Energy.
1987 - The Federal Communications Commission rescinded the Fairness
Doctrine, which had required radio and television stations to present
controversial issues "fairly".
1305 - William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance against
England, was captured by the English near Glasgow. Mel Gibson starred
in a dramatization of the story in Braveheart.
1620 - The Mayflower departed from Southampton, England, headed towards
1861 - In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States
government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act
of 1861 (3% over $800)
1882 - The Standard Oil of New Jersey was established. Standard+Oil=SO=Esso,
1888 - Germany's Bertha Benz drove from Mannheim to Pforzheim and
back in the first long distance automobile trip
1914 - Cleveland, Ohio, installed the first electric traffic light.
1926 - Harry Houdini performed one of his greatest stunts, spending
91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.
1957 - American Bandstand debuted on the ABC television network, with
host Dick Clark. The show began locally on Philadelphia television
station WFIL-TV Channel 6 (now WPVI-TV) in 1952.
1981 - US President Ronald Reagan fired 11,359 striking air-traffic
controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.
2001 - Cable network Odyssey was renamed to Hallmark Channel
1787 - 60 copies of the Constitution of the United States were delivered
to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1890 - At Auburn Prison in New York, William Kemmler was the first
person to be executed by electric chair.
1926 - Gertrude Ederle became the first woman to swim across the English
1926 - In New York, New York, the Warner Bros.' Vitaphone sound system
premiered with the movie Don Juan starring John Barrymore, with music
and sound effects.
1945 - Hiroshima, Japan was largely destroyed when the atomic bomb
"Little Boy" was dropped by the B-29 Enola Gay.
1956 - The DuMont Television Network made its final broadcast, A Boxing
Match from the St. Nicholas Arena series.
1964 - Prometheus, a bristlecone pine and the world's oldest tree,
at least 4862 years old, was cut down in Nevada.
1966 - In a post-fight interview, Howard Cosell honors Muhammad Ali's
wishes to no longer be referred to as Cassius Clay, making his new
name more acceptable by everyone.
1986 - Rain fell a record 13 inches of rain in a single day on Sydney,
New South Wales, Australia.
1988 - Yo! MTV Raps premiered on MTV
1996 - NASA announced that the ALH 84001 meteorite, thought to originate
from Mars and found in Antarctica, contained evidence of primitive
2012 - NASA's Curiosity rover landed on the surface of Mars.
1782 - George Washington ordered the creation of the Badge of Military
Merit to honor soldiers wounded in battle. It is later renamed to
the more poetic Purple Heart.
1909 - Alice Huyler Ramsey and three other women became the first
women to complete a transcontinental automobile trip, taking 59 days
to travel from New York, New York to San Francisco, California. Alice
drove the whole trip.
1930 - Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, two accused African-American
criminals were taken from jail by a mob and lynched. Lawrence Beitler
took a picture of the mob and bodies, inspiring Abel Meeropol to write
a poem, "Bitter Fruit." It was later rephrased as "Strange
Fruit" and recorded by Billie Holiday.
1944 - IBM announced the first program-controlled calculator, the
Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, known best as the Harvard
Mark I. It used 765,000 components and hundreds of miles of wire and
weighed about 5 tons.
1955 - Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (became Sony in 1958)
sold its first transistor radios in Japan.
1959 - The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny went into circulation.
It replaced the "wheat" design, and was minted until 2008.
1975 (Typhoon) Nina, China
1978 - The US Government made funds available to offer federal assistance
for the Love Canal Disaster
1992 - Growing Pains actress Tracy Gold was hospitalized for anorexia
and is written out of most of the final episodes for the series
2007 - High School Musical 2 aired on The Disney Channel
1786 - Mont Blanc on the French/Italian border was climbed for the
first time by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel-Gabriel Paccard.
1876 - Thomas Edison received a patent (#180,857) for his mimeograph
1908 - Wilbur Wright made his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans,
France; the Wright Brothers' first public flight.
1963 - In England, a gang of 15 train robbers stole £2.6 million
in bank notes in the Great Train Robbery. They were later caught.
1969 - At a 'zebra crossing' in London, photographer Iain Macmillan
took one of the most famous photographs of all time, the cover of
the Beatles album, Abbey Road.
1974 - President Richard Nixon, in a nationwide television address,
announced his resignation from the office of the President of the
United States, effective noon the next day.
1989 - STS-28 Mission: Space Shuttle Columbia took off on a secret
five-day military mission. It landed at Edwards Air Force Base, California,
on August 13. That's all we know.
1991 - The Warsaw Radio Mast was the world's tallest structure until
its collapse today. It was 2,120 feet tall, and was built 1970-1974.
1483 - Opening of the restored Sistine Chapel in Rome. Renaissance
painters Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio, Domenico
Ghirlandaio and Cosimo Roselli contributed. Michelangelo added his
work on the ceiling in 1508-1512.
1854 - Henry David Thoreau published Walden or Life in the Woods.
1892 - Thomas Edison received a patent (#480,567) for a two-way telegraph.
1930 - Betty Boop made her cartoon debut in Dizzy Dishes.
1942 - Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in Bombay by British
forces, launching the Quit India Movement.
1944 - Nagasaki, Japan was decimated when an atomic bomb, Fat Man,
was dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar.
1969 - Followers of Charles Manson murdered pregnant actress Sharon
Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski,
Jay Sebring and Steven Parent. Leno and Rosemary LaBianca were killed
by the same crew the following day.
2104 - Michael Brown, an 18-year-old African American male in Ferguson,
Missouri, was shot and killed by a Ferguson police officer, sparking
protests and unrest in the city.
1519 - Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Seville, Spain to circumnavigate
1675 - The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in
London, England was laid.
1846 - The Smithsonian Institution was chartered by the United States
1873 - Louvre Museum opened in France.
1932 - An 11 pound chondrite-type meteorite broke into several pieces
and landed near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
1948 - Candid Camera made its television debut, after being on radio
for a year as Candid Microphone.
1949 - The US Department of War was replaced with the United States
Department of Defense.
1971 - The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown,
1977 - In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz
(the "Son of Sam") was arrested for a series of killings
in the New York City.
1984 - Red Dawn, starring Patrick Swayze and Charlie Sheen, became
the first-ever PG-13 movie to be released in theaters.
1995 In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing, Timothy McVeigh
and Terry Nichols were indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pled
guilty in a plea bargain for his testimony.
3114 BC - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian
Mesoamerican civilizations, began. This was the calendar that caused
the Friday, December 21, 2012 fears.
1858 - The Eiger in the Bernese Alps was ascended for the first time
by Charles Barrington, along with Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.
1929 - Babe Ruth became the first baseball player to hit 500 home
runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
1942 - Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil received a
patent (#2,292,387) for a Frequency-hopping communication system which
later became the basis for modern technologies like wireless telephones
1965 - The Watts Riots begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.
1984 - "We begin bombing in five minutes" - US President
Ronald Reagan joked, while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address
on National Public Radio.
1991 - Nickelodeon aired the first episodes of "Doug", "Rugrats"
and "Ren & Stimpy"
30 BC - Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic
dynasty, committed suicide, by means of an asp bite.
1851 - Isaac Singer is granted a patent (#8,294) for his sewing machine.
1960 - Echo 1A, NASA's first successful communications satellite,
1977 - The first free flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.
1981 - The IBM Personal Computer was released.
1990 - Sue, the largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton
found to date, was discovered by paleontologist Sue Hendrickson in
1994 - Major League Baseball players went on strike, forcing the cancellation
of the 1994 World Series.
1521 - Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés captured Aztec
leader Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc and conquered the Aztec capital
1868 (Earthquake & Tsunami) Arica, Chile
1918 - Opha Mae Johnson was the first woman to enlist in the United
States Marine Corps.
1942 - Walt Disney's fifth full-length animated film, Bambi, was released
1961 - East Germany closed the border between the eastern and western
sectors of Berlin with the Berlin Wall.
1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts were released from a three-week quarantine
to enjoy a ticker tape parade in New York, New York.
1997 - South Park aired for the first time on Comedy Central
1888 - An audio recording of English composer Arthur Sullivan's "The
Lost Chord", one of the first recordings of music ever made,
was played during a press conference introducing Thomas Edison's phonograph
in London, England.
1893 - France became the first country to introduce motor vehicle
1935 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act.
1936 - Rainey Bethea was hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last
public execution in the United States.
1945 - Japan accepted the Allied terms of surrender in World War II
1959 - Founding and first official meeting of the American Football
1975 - The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release
in film history, opened at the USA Theatre in Westwood, Los Angeles,
1980 - Lech Walesa led the first strike at the Gdansk, Poland shipyards.
1994 - Inside The Actors Studio made its debut on Bravo
2000 - Dora the Explorer premiered on Nick Jr
2010 - The first-ever Youth Olympic Games were held in Singapore.
2013 - Egypt declared a state of emergency as security forces killed
hundreds of demonstrators supporting former president Mohamed Morsi.
1483 - Pope Sixtus IV consecrated the Sistine Chapel and dedicated
it to the Virgin Mary.
1519 - Panama City, Panama, was founded.
1549 - Jesuit priest Francis Xavier came ashore at Kagoshima, Japan.
1843 - Tivoli Gardens, one of the oldest still intact amusement parks
in the world, opened in Copenhagen, Denmark. It may be best known
for its wooden roller coaster, Rutschebanen, or Bjergbanen (the Mountain
Coaster), built in 1914
1868 (Earthquake) Ecuador
1914 - The Panama Canal opened with the transit of the cargo ship
1935 - Entertainer Will Rogers and pilot Wiley Post were killed after
their aircraft developed engine problems during takeoff in Barrow,
1939 - The Wizard of Oz premiered at Grauman's Chinese Theater in
Los Angeles, California.
1947 - India gained Independence from the British Indian Empire.
1965 - The Beatles played at Shea Stadium in New York. It is considered
the first major rock concert. There were only a few hundred watts
of sound for the band, who did not have monitors to hear each other,
and could not be heard over the screaming of 60,000 fans.
1969 - The Woodstock Music & Art Fair opened in upstate New York.
Tickets for the three-day event were $18 in advance and $24 at the
gate, and there was sufficient sound for the 500,00 attendees.
1973 - The United States' bombing of Cambodia ended.
1977 - The Big Ear, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University
as part of the SETI project, received a radio signal from deep space
- "6EQUJ5." The event was named the "Wow! signal"
from the notation made by Jerry Ehman on the project. The signal appears
to have come to the northwest of the globular cluster of M55 in the
constellation Sagittarius, near the Chi Sagittarii star group.
1992 - Nickelodeon began airing their Saturday night programming known
1858 - President James Buchanan inaugurated the new transatlantic
telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria in the
1896 - Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discovered
gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, starting the
Klondike Gold Rush.
1920 - Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit on the head by
a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and died early
the next day.
1927 - The Dole Air Race from Oakland, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii.
Six participating planes crashed or disappeared, only two made it
1930 - The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, was made
by ex-Disney cartoonist Ub Iwerks. It appeared in the music video
for Eminem's song "The Real Slim Shady." Ub went back to
work for Disney in 1940.
1954 - The first issue of Sports Illustrated was published.
1989 - A solar flare from the Sun created a geomagnetic storm that
affected micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto's
1807 - Robert Fulton's North River Steamboat left New York, New York,
to Albany, New York, on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial
steamboat service in the world.
1896 - Bridget Driscoll was run over by a Benz car in the grounds
of The Crystal Palace, London. She was the UK's first pedestrian motoring
1907 - Pike Place Market, in Seattle's historic district, opened.
1908 - Fantasmagorie, the first animated cartoon, created by Emile
Cohl, was shown in Paris, France.
1953 - The first meeting of Narcotics Anonymous took place in Southern
1958 - Pioneer 0, America's first attempt at lunar orbit, is launched
using the first Thor-Able rocket and failed.
1959 - Kind of Blue by Miles Davis, the best-selling jazz recording
of all time, was released.
1969 - Hurricane Camille (Category 5) hit the U.S. Gulf Coast, killing
1977 - The Soviet icebreaker Arktika became the first surface ship
to reach the North Pole.
1978 - Double Eagle II became the first balloon to cross the Atlantic
Ocean when it landed in Miserey, France near Paris, 137 hours after
leaving Presque Isle, Maine.
1990 (Earthquake) Izmit, Turkey
2005 - Weeds premiered on Showtime
2008 - American swimmer Michael Phelps became the first person to
win eight gold medals in one Olympic Games.
1587 - Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Governor John White of the
Colony of Roanoke, becomes the first English child born in the Americas
to Ananias and Eleanor Dare. She and the rest of the colonists at
Roanoke disappeared at some point before August 18, 1590. The only
clue was the word "Croatoan" carved into a post.
1868 - French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovered helium.
1903 - German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flew his self-made, motored
gliding airplane four months before the first flight of the Wright
1958 - Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita was published
in the United States.
1977 - Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock under the 'Terrorism
Act No 83 of 1967' in King William's Town, South Africa. He died from
injuries that occurred during his arrest. Peter Gabriel released a
tribute to him, "Biko", which became a hit in 1980.
2005 - A massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java,
affecting almost 100 million people, the one of the largest and most
widespread power outages in history, and lasted just over six hours.
295 BC - The first temple to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, beauty
and fertility, was dedicated by Quintus Fabius Maximus Gurges
1612 - The "Samlesbury witches", three women from the Lancashire
village of Samlesbury, England, were put on trial, accused of practicing
witchcraft, with all three of the Samlesbury women acquitted.
1692 - In Salem, Province of Massachusetts Bay, five people, one woman
and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted
of witchcraft at the Salem Witch Trials.
1812 - American frigate USS Constitution defeated the British frigate
HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, earning the nickname
1848 - The New York Herald published the news to the East Coast of
the US about the Gold Rush in California .
1909 - The first automobile race at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
1934 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby was held in Dayton, Ohio.
1960 - With Korabl-Sputnik 2, the Soviet Union launched the satellite
with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, two rats and a variety of
plants. All of the creatures survived
1964 - Syncom 3, the first geostationary communication satellite,
1991 - Black groups target Hasidic Jews on the streets of Crown Heights
in New York, New York for three days, after two black children were
hit by a car driven by a Hasidic man.
1000 - The foundation of the Hungarian state by Saint Stephen.
1858 - Charles Darwin first published his theory of evolution through
natural selection in The Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean
Society of London
1882 - Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuted in Moscow, Russia.
1920 - The first commercial radio station, 8MK "Detroit News
Radiophone" (now WWJ), began operations in Detroit, Michigan.
1938 - Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam, a record that stood
until 2013 years when it was broken by Alex Rodriguez.
1975 - NASA launched the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.
1977 - NASA launched the Voyager 2 spacecraft towards the outer solar
1883 - An F5 tornado strikes Rochester, Minnesota, leading to the
creation of the Mayo Clinic.
1888 - The first practical adding machine in the United States was
patented (#'s 388,116-388,119) by William Seward Burroughs.
1911 - The Mona Lisa was stolen by a Louvre employee, Vincenzo Peruggia.
It was returned in 1913.
1957 - The Soviet Union successfully conducted a long-range test flight
of the R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile.
1961 - Motown released what would be its first #1 hit, "Please
Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes.
1979 - Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected to the United States.
1992 - Ruby Ridge was the site of a deadly confrontation and siege
in northern Idaho in 1992 between Randy Weaver, his family and his
friend Kevin Harris, and agents of the United States Marshals Service
(USMS) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). It resulted in the
death of Weaver's son Sammy, his wife Vicki, and Deputy U.S. Marshal
William Francis Degan.
1994- HBO aired a concert special featuring Barbara Streisand and
it was her first public concert in 27 years
565 - Columba, an Irish missionary, reported seeing a monster in Loch
1791 - Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue began. It ended
with the founding of the Republic of Haiti in 1804.
1831 - Nat Turner's slave rebellion began just after midnight in Southampton
County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites and
several hundred African Americans who were killed in retaliation for
1851 - The first America's Cup was won by the yacht 'America.'
1902 - Cadillac Motor Company was founded.
1952 - The French penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.
1963 - American Joe Walker reached an altitude of 66 miles in an X-15
1989 - Nolan Ryan struck out Rickey Henderson to become the first
Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts.
2003 - Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore was suspended after refusing
to comply with a federal court order to remove a rock inscribed with
the Ten Commandments from the lobby of the Alabama Supreme Court building.
2004 The Edvard Munch Museum's versions of 'Madonna' and 'The Scream'
were stolen by masked men wielding firearms. The thieves forced the
museum guards to lie down on the floor while they snapped the cable
securing the paintings to the wall and escaped in a black Audi A6
station wagon, which police later found abandoned. Both paintings
were recovered by the Oslo Police on 31 August 2006.
2007 - The Texas Rangers beat the Baltimore Orioles 30-3, the most
runs scored by a team in modern MLB history.
79 - Mount Vesuvius began stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the
Roman god of fire.
1305 - Sir William Wallace was executed for high treason at Smithfield
1775 - King George III delivered his 'Proclamation of Rebellion to
the Court of St. James's' stating that the American colonies have
proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion.
1948 - World Council of Churches was formed.
1966 - Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph of Earth from orbit
around the Moon.
1973 - A bank robbery gone wrong in Stockholm, Sweden, turns into
a hostage crisis; over the next five days the hostages begin to sympathize
with their captors, leading to the term "Stockholm syndrome".
1991 - Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web opened the
WWW to new users.
1996- The Price Is Right celebrated its 25th anniversary special on
1998 - That 70's show premiered on FOX
2007 - The skeletal remains of Russia's last royal family members
Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Grand Duchess
Anastasia were discovered near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
2011 (Earthquake) Virginia/East Coast, USA
79 (Volcano Eruption) Mount Vesuvius erupted. The cities of Pompeii,
Herculaneum, and Stabiae were buried in volcanic ash, although some
scholars believe it was October 24th.
1215 - Pope Innocent III declared Magna Carta invalid.
1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible was completed.
1635 - Great Colonial Hurricane of 1635, Colonial USA
1662 - The Act of Uniformity requires England to accept the Book of
1682 - William Penn received the area that is now the state of Delaware,
and added it to his colony of Pennsylvania.
1690 - Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes a factory
in Calcutta, essentially founding the city.
1891 - Thomas Edison applied for his patent (#589,168) the motion
picture projector (kinetograph). It was approved on August 31.
1932 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the United
States non-stop, from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey.
1979 - The Facts of Life premiered on NBC.
1998 - First radio-frequency identification (RFID) human implantation
was tested in the United Kingdom.
1609 - Galileo Galilei demonstrated his first telescope to Venetian
1835 - The New York Sun perpetrated the Great Moon Hoax a six part
article falsely attributed to Sir John Herschel, one of the best-known
astronomers of his time.
1916 - The United States National Park Service was created.
1944 - Paris was liberated by the Allies.
1950 - President Harry Truman ordered the US Army to seize control
of the country's railroads to avert a strike.
1994 - My So Called Life premiered on ABC
2012 - Voyager 1 spacecraft entered interstellar space beyond our
solar system becoming the first man-made object to do so.
2013 - At the 2013 MTV Video Music Awards, Miley Cyrus created a controversy
by 'Twerking' during a performance with Robin Thicke.
1498 - Michelangelo began his work to carve the Pieta, depicting the
body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion.
1789 - The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was
approved by the National Constituent Assembly of France.
1791 - John Fitch was granted a United States patent (# X28) for the
1883 (Volcano Eruption & Tsunami) Krakatoa began. It was one of
the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history,
with at over 36,000 deaths being attributed to the eruption itself
and the tsunamis it created. Small eruptions, mostly of mud, continued
into October 1883.
1976 - While camping in Allagash, Maine Jim Weiner, Jack Weiner, Charles
Foltz and Charles Rak claimed to have been abducted by 'four fingered
beings' that performed experiments on them including alien probing.
410 - The sacking of Rome by the Visigoths ended after three days.
1813 - French Emperor Napoleon I defeated a larger force of Austrians,
Russians, and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden.
1859 - Petroleum was discovered in Titusville, Pennsylvania leading
to the world's first commercially successful oil well.
1893 - Sea Islands Hurricane, Georgia, South Carolina.
1939 - First flight of the turbojet-powered Heinkel He 178, the world's
first jet aircraft, in Germany.
1962 - The Mariner 2 unmanned space mission was launched to Venus
2003 - The first 6-party talks, involving South and North Korea, the
United States, China, Japan and Russia, convened to find a resolution
to the security concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons
2003 - Mars made its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years,
passing just 34,646,418 miles away.
2011 (Hurricane) Irene strikes the United States east coast, killing
1609 - Henry Hudson discovered the Delaware Bay.
1789 - William Herschel discovered another Saturn moon, Enceladus.
1830 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's (B&O) new 'Tom Thumb'
steam locomotive races a horse-drawn car, presaging steam's role in
1833 - The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 received Royal Assent, abolishing
slavery through most the British Empire.
1845 - The first issue of Scientific American magazine was published.
1898 - Caleb Bradham invented the carbonated soft drink that would
later be called "Pepsi-Cola".
1955 - Black 14-year-old Emmett Till was brutally murdered in Mississippi,
for 'flirting' with a white woman, galvanizing the nascent American
Civil Rights Movement.
1963 - At the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Reverend Martin
Luther King, Jr. gave his I Have a Dream speech
1996 - Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales got divorced.
1758 - The first American Indian reservation was established, at Indian
Mills, New Jersey.
1831 - Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction, opening
the door to electric generators.
1885 - Gottlieb Daimler patented the world's first internal combustion
motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
1898 - The Goodyear tire company was founded.
1922 - The first radio advertisement (for an apartment complex) was
broadcast on WEAF-AM in New York City.
1949 - The Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb, known as First
Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
1958 - United States Air Force Academy opened in Colorado Springs,
1966 - The Beatles performed their last concert at Candlestick Park
in San Francisco.
1967 - ABC's The Fugitive finale (part 1) was one of the most-watched
episodes of the decade.
1982 - The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium, atomic number 109,
was first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
in Darmstadt, Germany.
1991 - Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union ended all activities of
the Soviet Communist Party.
2005 (Hurricane) Katrina devastated the US Gulf Coast, from Louisiana
to the Florida Panhandle, killing an estimated 1,836 people.
1835 - Melbourne, Australia was founded.
1836 - The city of Houston, named after former General Sam Houston,
was founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen.
1945 - Hong Kong was liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
1963 - The Moscow to Washington hotline between the leaders of the
U.S.A. and the Soviet Union went into operation.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as the first African American
Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
1984 - The Space Shuttle Discovery took off on its maiden voyage.
1993- David Letterman premiered his late night talk show on CBS.
1999- Countess Vaughn left the series Moesha for her own spinoff series
The Parkers with Monique. She was the first African-American comedienne
to receive a spin-off TV show.
2003 - While being towed across the Barents Sea, the de-commissioned
Russian submarine K-159 sank, taking nine of her crew and 800 kg of
spent nuclear fuel with her.
1803 - Lewis and Clark started their expedition to the west by leaving
1888 - Mary Ann Nichols was murdered, the first of Jack the Ripper's
1897 - Thomas Edison received his patent (# 589168) for his Kinetoscope,
the first movie projector.
1962 - Trinidad and Tobago became independent from Britain.
1965 - The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy aircraft made its inaugural
1997 - Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion Dodi Fayed (with driver
Henri Paul) died in a car crash in Paris.
2006 - Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream, stolen on August
22, 2004, was recovered in a raid by Norwegian police.