Quick Facts from 1979:
- World Changing Event: Khomeini’s Iranian Revolution over Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.
- The Other World Changing Event: The introduction of the Sony Walkman
- The Top Song was My Sharona by The Knack
- The Movies to Watch include Alien, Rocky 2, The Muppet Movie, Apocalypse Now and Star Trek: The Motion Picture and The Life of Brian
- The Most Famous Person in America was probably Pope John Paul II
- Notable books include: Flowers in the Attic by V. C. Andrews and The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams
- US Life Expectancy: Males: 70.0 years, Females: 77.8 years
- Minimum Wage in 1979: $2.90 per hour
Composition book, 100 pages: 69 cents
- The Funny Late Night Host: Johnny Carson
- Girl Power: Fully independent in 1979, Saint Lucia is the only country in the world named after a woman
Top Ten Baby Names of 1979:
Jennifer, Melissa, Amanda, Jessica, Amy, Michael, Chris, Topher, Jason, David, James
The Hotties and Fashion Icons:
Loni Anderson, Susan Anton, Barbara Bach, Catherine Bach, Kim Basinger, Valerie Bertinelli, Jacqueline Bisset, Christie Brinkley, Lynda Carter, Bo Derek, Farrah Fawcett, Erin Gray, Shelly Hack, Debbie Harry, Marilu Henner, Lauren Hutton, Kate Jackson, Cheryl Ladd, Olivia Newton-John, Stevie Nicks, Dolly Parton, Bernadette Peters, Victoria Principal, Diana Ross, Jane Seymour, Brooke Shields, Jacquelyn Smith, Suzanne Somers, Donna Summer, Cheryl Tiegs, Charlene Tilton, Mary Woronov
Hollywood Hunks, Sex Symbols and Leading Men:
Gregg Allman, David Cassidy, Patrick Duffy, Sam Elliott, Harrison Ford, Andy Gibb, Mark Hamill, Julio Iglesias, Kris Kristofferson, Lee Majors, Jack Nicholson, Ryan O’Neal, Burt Reynolds, Richard Roundtree, Davide Lee Roth, Sylvester Stallone, Rod Stewart, John Travolta
“I love the smell of napalm in the morning”
– Robert Duvall in ‘Apocalypse Now’
“Have a coke and smile”
“Quality is job one”
“Nothing comes between me and my Calvins”
– Brooke Shields, for Calvin Klein
“Reach out and touch someone”
Time Magazine’s Man of the Year:
Kylene Barker (Roanoke, VA)
Mary Therese Friel (New York)
Ford’s Pinto automobile design allowed its fuel tank to be easily damaged in the event of a rear-end collision which sometimes resulted in deadly fires and explosions. It was first noticed by Ford in 1971 tests.
On March 28, Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) nuclear power plant near Middletown, Pennsylvania, had a near melt-down. No one was reported killed or injured, but the accident changed many regulations for American nuclear reactors.
52 Americans are taken hostage in Tehran, Iran for 444 days. Four days later, ABC’s Nighline premiered, centering on the crisis.
NASA’s Skylab fell to Earth, landing mostly in the Indian Ocean.
Rock and Roll Death: Sid Vicious (heroin overdose)
11 people were crushed to death outside of Cincinnati Riverfront Coliseum prior to a concert by The Who.
Pop Culture News:
A song called ‘Ready ‘n’ Steady’ by ‘D.A’ appeared on several charts peaking at #102, but it is very, very hard to find.
Eight “Sea Shepherd” activists were arrested in 1979 for violating the Seal Protection Act, for spraying a thousand seal pups with permanent red dye, which made their pelts useless for hunters.
Scrappy-Doo was first added to the cast of Scooby-Doo in 1979.
Hurricanes were traditionally named only after women. After feminist groups protested over the implied slur that women alone were tempestuous and unpredictable, men’s names were also used for such weather phenomena beginning in 1979.
Australia Fined NASA $400 for littering after after debris from a The spacecraft “Skylab” landed in the Shire of Esperance, Western Australia. NASA never paid. 30 years later California DJ Scott Barley raised funds from his listeners and paid NASA’s bill. Scott got a key to the city for his efforts.
The Guardian Angels were formed in New York City as an unarmed organization of young crime fighters.
The eradication of the smallpox virus was certified.
Black and Decker released the now-famous cordless mini-vacuum, The Dustbuster.
1979 -The film The China Syndrome, a movie about a nuclear meltdown caused by a faulty sensor reading and a stuck-open pressure release valve, was released only 12 days before the 3 Mile Island Meltdown on March 28, 1979, caused by a faulty sensor reading and a stuck open pressure release valve.
Rhodesia became Zimbabwe
The highest Nielsen rating (24.1) for any basketball game in the US, college or pro, is still the 1979 NCAA Championship between Michigan State, with Magic Johnson and Indiana State, with Larry Bird. The highest rated and most watched NBA Final game was Game 6 of the 1998 NBA Finals which averaged a 22.3 rating.
Chrysler received a $1.5 Billion government loan guarantee from the United States government.
Chip Shearin had to play bass and Bryan Horton had to play the drums for 15 minutes straight on the 1979 song “Rapper’s Delight” by The Sugarhill Gang because it was the days before samplers and drum machines.
Tens of thousands of rock fans gathered at Disco Demolition Night was an ill-fated baseball promotion on July 12, 1979 at Comiskey Park in Chicago, Illinois. On The Day That Disco Died, the field was runied and The Chicago White Sox had to forfeit the second game (of the doueble header) to the Detroit Tigers.
Pope John Paul II visited the United States.
Elvita Adams jumped from the 86th floor of the Empire State Building in an attempted suicide, only to be blown back onto the 85th floor by a gust of wind. Her only injury was a broken hip.
A (still) unknown group of people paid for the erection of the Georgia Guidestones, 6 granite slabs that instruct the survivors of an apocalyptic scenario how to rebuild a better world. The builder was told that it was planned for 20 years, it was completed in 1980.
The Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa, is the venue where Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper gave their final performances on February 2, 1959. Each February, since 1979, the venue hosts a Winter Dance Party (the name of Holly’s final tour) in honor of the three stars.
Pushing the Envelope is a reference to a World War 2 flight envelope. WWII pilots used it to describe upper and lower conditions at which the pilot could fly. To push those conditions increased capabilities and technology. The phrase was brought into mainstream in 1979 by Tom Wolfe’s book, The Right Stuff.
Cost of a Superbowl ad in 1979: $185,000
In January 1979, 16 year old Brenda Ann Spencer was arrested after killing a principal and a custodian at an elementary school in California. When asked why she did it, her reply was “I just don’t like Mondays”. She also injured 8 children and a police officer.
On January 25, 1979 Robert Williams became the first known human being killed by a robot. He was an American factory worker at the Ford Motor Company Flat Rock Casting Plant in Michigan. He was struck from behind and crushed by a one-ton cart moved by a robot arm, killing him instantly.
The Who Concert Disaster: Eleven fans were crushed to death during a crowd surge for unreserved seats before The Who rock concert at the Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati, Ohio.
When Australia abolished their inheritance tax in 1979, an unusually high number parents died in the week immediately after the abolition went into effect, suggesting that many of their heirs were doing everything to keep them alive just long enough for the inheritance tax to expire.
The Mount Erebus Disaster: A plane crash in Antarctica (Air New Zealand Flight 901) in which 237 tourists and 20 crew were killed on a sightseeing flight due to an error in flight planning and a phenomenon known as “sector whiteout” in which there is no contrast between the sky and the ground.
In the late 1980s, FBI agent Robert Hanssen was tasked by his superiors to find a mole within the agency after the FBI’s moles in the KGB were caught. In reality, he was the mole, working with the KGB since 1979.
NORAD experienced a computer glitch that alerted technicians of a widespread Russian nuclear attack on North America. The U.S. air defense program ordered the president’s “doomsday plane” to take off, and warned launch control to prepare for a retaliatory attack.
Nobel Prize Winners:
Physics – Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam, Steven Weinberg
Chemistry – Herbert C. Brown, Georg Wittig
Medicine – Allan M. Cormack, Godfrey N. Hounsfield
Literature – Odysseas Elytis
Peace – Mother Teresa
Economics – Theodore Schultz, Arthur Lewis
Jogging while listening to tapes on your Sony Walkman and wearing a LaCoste preppy shirt with the famous alligator on the left side and designer jeans.
1st appearances & 1979’s Most Popular Christmas gifts, toys and presents:
Modern Sudoku was created by an American architect named Howard Garns in 1979, using the name “Number Place”. It became more popular in 1986 by the Japanese puzzle company Nikoli, under the name “Sudoku”, meaning “single number”.
ESPN (Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) began broadcasting on September 7.
April 1st – Nickelodeon TV cable network began.
Victoria’s Secret stores opened in 1979. It went national in 1982 after being acquired by Limited Brands.
The McDonalds Happy Meal first went on sale in 1979.
Debuting on PBS as a one-time, 13-part series, This Old House with was one of the earliest home improvement shows, and is arguably the most well known.
The first use of the phrase “May the Fourth Be With You” was by a Danish political party which placed a congratulatory advertisement in The London Evening News when Margaret Thatcher took office as Prime Minister on May 4th 1979, “May the Fourth Be with You, Maggie. Congratulations.”
Etan Patz was the 1st missing child to have their picture on milk carton in 1979 and that the murderer wasn’t caught till 2012.
Best Film Oscar Winner:
The Deer Hunter (presented in 1979)
Broadway Show – They’re Playing Our Song (Musical) Opened on February 11, 1979 and Closed: September 6, 1981
Broadway Show – Evita (Musical) Opened on September 25, 1979 and Closed: June 26, 1983
Broadway Show – Sugar Babies (Review) Opened on October 8, 1979 and Closed: August 28, 1982
Popular and Notable Books From 1979:
1985 by John Hackett
A Wizard of Earthsea by Ursula K. Le Guin
The Bloody Chamber by Angela Carter
Chesapeake by James Michener
The Dead Zone by Stephen King
The Establishment by Howard Fast
The Executioner’s Song by Norman Mailer
Flowers in the Attic by V.C. Andrews
Good as Gold by Joseph Heller
The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams
Jailbird by Kurt Vonnegut
Kane and Abel by Jeffrey Archer
Kindred by Octavia Butler
The Last Enchantment by Mary Stewart
The Matarese Circle by Robert Ludlum
Memories of Another Day by Harold Robbins
Oh Say Can You Say? by Dr. Seuss
Overload by Arthur Hailey
Smiley’s People by John le Carré
Sophie’s Choice by William Styron
Triple by Ken Follott
War and Remembrance by Herman Woulk
The White Album by Joan Didion
1979 Most Popular TV shows:
1. 60 Minutes (CBS)
2. Three’s Company (ABC)
3. That’s Incredible! (ABC)
4. Alice (CBS)
5. M*A*S*H (CBS)
6. Dallas (CBS)
7. Flo (CBS)
8. The Jeffersons (CBS)
9. The Dukes of Hazzard (CBS)
10. One Day at a Time (CBS)
1979 Billboard Number One Songs:
January 6 – January 19:
Too Much Heaven – Bee Gees
January 20 – February 9:
Le Freak – Chic
February 10 – March 9:
Do Ya Think I’m Sexy? – Rod Stewart
March 10 – March 23:
I Will Survive – Gloria Gaynor
March 24 – April 6:
Tragedy – Bee Gees
April 7 – April 13:
I Will Survive – Gloria Gaynor
April 14 – April 20:
What A Fool Believes – The Doobie Brothers
April 21 – April 27:
Knock on Wood – Amii Stewart
April 28 – May 4:
Heart of Glass – Blondie
May 5 – June 30:
Reunited – Peaches & Herb
June 2 – June 8:
Hot Stuff – Donna Summer
June 9 – June 15:
Love You Inside Out – Bee Gees
June 16 – July 29:
Hot Stuff – Donna Summer
June 30 – July 13:
Ring My Bell – Anita Ward
July 14 – August 17:
Bad Girls – Donna Summer
August 18 – August 24:
Good Times – Chic
August 25 – October 5:
My Sharona – The Knack
October 6 – October 12:
Sad Eyes – Robert John
October 13 – October 19:
Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough – Michael Jackson
October 20 – November 2:
Rise – Herb Alpert
November 3 – November 9:
Pop Muzik – M
November 10 – November 16:
Heartache Tonight – The Eagles
November 17 – November 23:
Still – The Commodores
November 24 – December 7:
No More Tears (Enough Is Enough) – Barbra Streisand & Donna Summer
December 8 – December 21:
Babe – Styx
December 22, 1979 – January 4, 1980:
Escape (The Pina Colada Song) – Rupert Holmes
World Series Champions: Pittsburgh Pirates
Superbowl XIII Champions: Pittsburgh Steelers
NBA Champions: Seattle SuperSonics
Stanley Cup Champs: Montreal Canadiens
U.S. Open Golf Hale Irwin
U.S. Tennis: (Men/Ladies) John McEnroe/Tracy Austin
Wimbledon (Men/Women): Bjorn Borg/Martina Navratilova
NCAA Football Champions: Alabama
NCAA Basketball Champions: Michigan State
Kentucky Derby: Spectacular Bid