1959 Fun Facts, Trivia and History
|Quick Facts from 1959:|
|Top Ten Baby Names of 1959:
Mary, Susan, Linda, Karen, Donna, Michael, David, James, John, Robert
|The Hotties and Fashion Icons:
Carroll Baker, Brigitte Bardot, Claudia Cardinale, Doris Day, Angie Dickinson, Anita Ekberg, Annette Funicello, Ava Gardner, Audrey Hepburn, Anna Karina, Gina Lollobrigida, Sophia Loren, Marilyn Monroe, Julie Newmar, Kim Novak, Leslie Parrish, Stella Stevens, Elizabeth Taylor, Mamie Van Doren
|Sex Symbols and Hollywood Hunks:
Warren Beatty, Harry Belafonte, Elvis Presley
“Well, nobody’s perfect.”
After filming Some Like it Hot in 1959 Billy Wilder said about filming another movie with Marilyn Monroe, “I have discussed this with my doctor and my psychiatrist and they tell me I’m too old and too rich to go through this again.”
|Time Magazine’s Man of the Year:
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Mary Ann Mobley (Brandon, MS)
Terry Huntingdon (California)
The Scandals & Tragedies:
Mysterious TV Star Violent Death: George Reeves (gunshot wound – murder or suicide?)
In testimony before congress, gameshow contestant Charles Van Doren admitted he had been coached before appearing on NBC’s 21 game show in 1956.
1928’s scandalous Lady Chatterley’s Lover by D.H. Lawrence was officially published in the United States.
The Guggenheim Museum
The Guggenheim Museum opened in Manhattan, New York City on October 15, 1959. ushering in a new era of architecture for museum spaces. The Guggenheim Museum in New York City has been a landmark for the arts. The museum is famous for its unique spiral design by architect Frank Lloyd Wright, which has become iconic of modern architecture around the world.
The museum was founded by Solomon R. Guggenheim and his wife Peggy as a place to house their art collection. The building’s construction was funded in part by the proceeds from the sale of paintings by Wassily Kandinsky, who was one of the museum’s earliest acquisitions. The building’s design was nearly complete when Frank Lloyd Wright died in 1959, but the project had already been so closely associated with Wright that it is often referred to as a “Frank Lloyd Wright creation”. His vision for this iconic building has stood the test of time and inspired many other museums throughout the world.
|Pop Culture History:
During screenings of the 1959 film The Tingler – a film about a creature that gets inside a person’s spine, causing them to feel a tingling which can only be stopped by screaming – buzzers were placed in random seats that caused the audience to feel tingling during the film.
The Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa, is the historic venue where Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper gave their final performances on February 2, 1959.
A 1959 earthquake in Montana caused an 80 million ton landslide that created Quake Lake, by blocking the Madison River in the Gallatin National Forest. 28 people were killed.
Kiwi fruit is named after Kiwi birds, and prior to 1959 were known as Chinese Gooseberries. They originated in China and came to Australia in the early 1900s.
The British Alpine Hannibal Expedition, led by John Hoyte, found the path used by Hannibal’s army to cross the Alps and invade Roman Italy successfully traversed the Alps from France to Italy with an 11yr old former circus elephant named Jumbo.
In 1959, Westerns were the most popular television shows. There were 26 running that year.
In 1959 the FDA proposed a standard for peanut butter that was not finalized until a decision by the U.S District Court of Appeals in 1970. The final standard required a 90% peanut content.
Bob Timm and John Wayne Cook broke the World Record for the longest manned, refueled flight in 1959 by traveling 150,000 miles over 64 days without landing.
25 South African students climbed into a telephone booth, setting a world’s record for the ‘event’ that they had just created. For visitors born before 1990, a ‘phone booth’ contained a large ‘cellphone’ that was connected via wires to other telephones. Originally costing a nickel (5 cents) for a three-minute call.
Ben Hur won 11 Oscars.
The Rat Pack first appeared, including Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Lawford, and Joey Bishop.
Russia’s ‘Luna-2’ landed on the moon, the first successful landing by an unmanned craft.
The Conair hair dryer changed the way hair was styled in the American household.
Neil Sedaka’s first Top Ten Hit Oh! Carol referred to his high school girlfriend Carol Klein. She is better known as songwriter/singer Carole King.
Scientists discovered the Y chromosome was needed to create males.
The opening scene of Raiders of the Lost Ark was inspired by a comic book story from 1959 – The Prize of Pizarro, in Uncle Scrooge #26 where Donald Duck, his nephews, and Uncle Scrooge must evade a succession of booby traps.
A Cement Truck crashed near Winganon, Oklahoma in 1959, It was too heavy to move, so locals painted and decorated it like a spaceship.
MLB player Stan Musial demanded his paycheck be cut by $20,000 after he had a subpar year in 1959.
Ermal Fraze devised a can opening method in 1959 (patent #3439833) that would come to dominate the canned beverage market. His invention was the “pull-tab”.
The United States built a plane, the North American X-15, that was capable of going 4,520 MPH.
Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in The Americas, opened to the public in Anaheim, California.
In 1959 the “inch” was adjusted by 2 millionths of an inch, to make it equal exactly 25.4 millimeters.
The USA has been sending checks annually for $4,085 to Cuba for the lease of Guantanamo Bay. Since 1959, only one check has been cashed, by accident. The 1903 Lease for Guantanamo has no fixed expiration date.
Television cartoon Futurama is named after an exhibit at the 1939 World’s Fair that showed what they thought the world would be like in 1959.
January 3rd: Alaska became state # 49.
August 21st: Hawaii became the 50th state.
Nancy Drew books were revised in 1959 to eliminate racist stereotypes.
|The Day the Music Died:
The plane crash (in foggy conditions near Clear Lake, Iowa) that killed Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper, Ritchie Valens and pilot Roger Peterson wasn’t described as such until Don McLean’s 1971 song American Pie.
At the first Grammy Awards, held in 1959, Frank Sinatra won a single award, and Alvin and The Chipmunks won three.
Dyatlov Pass Incident: Nine students went hiking in the Ural Mountains in 1959 and were inexplicably killed by an “unknown compelling force” that stumped investigators.
Australian racer Sir Jack Brabham finished the 1959 Formula One race on foot when his car ran out of fuel with 500 yards to go. He pushed the car the rest of the way to clinch the title.
Colonel William Rankin became the only known person to survive a fall through a cumulonimbus thunderstorm cloud and suffered from frostbite, welts, bruises, and severe decompression as a result of the 40-minute fall over North Carolina.
Everybody watched the biblical epic Ben-Hur their local theaters.
|Nobel Prize Winners:
Physics – Emilio Gino Segrè, Owen Chamberlain
Chemistry – Jaroslav Heyrovský
Physiology or Medicine – Severo Ochoa, Arthur Kornberg
Literature – Salvatore Quasimodo
Peace – Philip Noel-Baker
Mattel’s Barbie doll and board game RISK debuted.
Volvo invented the seatbelt in 1959 and then left the patent open so other car manufacturers could use its design.
In 1959 Entemann’s created the see-through cake box.
Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1071 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan, New York, opened.
Motown Records (then called Tamla Records) was founded by Berry Gordy, Jr.
Bonanza premiered on NBC. It was the first regularly scheduled TV program presented in color.
The Twilight Zone premiered on CBS.
Troll Dolls were originally created in 1959 by Danish fisherman and woodcutter Thomas Dam.
The Boeing 707 airliner began service.
The first appearance of Groot from Guardians of the Galaxy was in a 1959 comic book called Tales to Astonish, issue #13.
|Best Film Oscar Winner:
Gigi (presented in 1959)
The Sound of Music (Musical) Opened on November 16, 1959, and Closed: June 15, 1963
|Popular and Notable Books From 1959:
A Separate Peace by John Knowles
Advise and Consent by Allen Drury
Dear and Glorious Physician by Taylor Caldwell
Doctor Zhivago by Boris Pasternak
Exodus by Leon Uris
Happy Birthday to You! by Dr. Seuss
Hawaii by James A. Michener
Goldfinger by Ian Fleming
Lady Chatterley’s Lover by D. H. Lawrence
Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov
Mrs. ‘Arris Goes to Paris by Paul Gallico
Poor No More by Robert Ruark
The Ugly American by Eugene L. Burdick
|1959 Most Popular TV shows:
1. Gunsmoke (CBS)
2. Wagon Train (NBC)
3. Have Gun Will Travel (CBS)
4. The Danny Thomas Show (CBS)
5. The Red Skelton Show (CBS)
6. Father Knows Best (CBS)
7. 77 Sunset Strip (ABC)
8. Wanted: Dead or Alive (CBS)
9. Perry Mason (CBS)
10. The Real McCoys (ABC)
1959 Billboard Number One Songs
January 19 – February 8:
February 9 – March 8:
March 9 – April 12:
April 13 – May 10:
May 11 – May 17:
May 18 – May 31:
June 1 – June 12:
July 13 – August 9:
October 5 – November 15:
November 16 – December 13:
December 14 – December 27:
December 28, 1958 – January 3, 1960:
World Series Champions: Los Angeles Dodgers
NFL Champions: Baltimore Colts
NBA Champions: Boston Celtics
Stanley Cup Champs: Montreal Canadians
U.S. Open Golf Billy Casper
U.S. Tennis: (Men/Ladies) Neale Fraser/Maria Bueno
Wimbledon (Men/Women): Alex Olmedo/Maria Bueno
NCAA Football Champions: Syracuse
NCAA Basketball Champions: California
Kentucky Derby: Tommy Lee