1956 Oscars 28th Academy Awards

1956 Oscars 28th Academy Awards

Winners Announced: March 21, 1956
Held at: RKO Pantages Theatre, Hollywood, California & NBC Century Theatre, New York City, New York
Hosts: Jerry Lewis (Los Angeles), Claudette Colbert & Joseph L. Mankiewicz (New York)
Eligibility Year: 1955

  • Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing, Marty and The Rose Tattoo each earned 8 nominations.
    Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing and The Rose Tattoo each won 3 Oscars.
    Marty won 4.
  • Marty was 90 minutes long, the shortest to win for Best Picture.

1956 Oscar Nominees and Winners

Best Motion Picture:
Marty – Harold Hecht for United Artists (WINNER)
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Buddy Adler for 20th Century Fox
Mister Roberts – Leland Hayward for Warner Bros.
Picnic – Fred Kohlmar for Columbia Pictures
The Rose Tattoo – Hal B. Wallis for Paramount Pictures

Best Director:
Delbert Mann – Marty (WINNER)
John Sturges – Bad Day at Black Rock
Elia Kazan – East of Eden
Joshua Logan – Picnic
David Lean – Summertime

Best Actor:
Ernest Borgnine – Marty as Marty Piletti (WINNER)
James Cagney – Love Me or Leave Me as Martin Snyder
James Dean (posthumous nomination) – East of Eden as Caleb Trask
Frank Sinatra – The Man with the Golden Arm as Frankie “Dealer” Machine
Spencer Tracy – Bad Day at Black Rock as John J. Macreedy

Best Actress:
Anna Magnani – The Rose Tattoo as Serafina Delle Rose (WINNER)
Susan Hayward – I’ll Cry Tomorrow as Lillian Roth
Katharine Hepburn – Summertime as Jane Hudson
Jennifer Jones – Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing as Dr. Han Suyin
Eleanor Parker – Interrupted Melody as Marjorie Lawrence

Best Supporting Actor:
Jack Lemmon – Mister Roberts as Ensign Frank Thurlowe Pulver (WINNER)
Arthur Kennedy – Trial as Bernard Castle
Joe Mantell – Marty as Angie
Sal Mineo – Rebel Without a Cause as John “Plato” Crawford
Arthur O’Connell – Picnic as Howard Bevans

Best Supporting Actress:
Jo Van Fleet – East of Eden as Cathy Ames/Kate Trask (WINNER)
Betsy Blair – Marty as Clara
Peggy Lee – Pete Kelly’s Blues as Rose Hopkins
Marisa Pavan – The Rose Tattoo as Rosa Delle Rose
Natalie Wood – Rebel Without a Cause as Judy

Best Screenplay:
Marty – Paddy Chayefsky from Marty by Paddy Chayefsky (WINNER)
Bad Day at Black Rock – Millard Kaufman from “Bad Time at Honda” by Howard Breslin
Blackboard Jungle – Richard Brooks from Blackboard Jungle by Evan Hunter
East of Eden – Paul Osborn from East of Eden by John Steinbeck
Love Me or Leave Me – Daniel Fuchs and Isobel Lennart

Best Story and Screenplay:
Interrupted Melody – William Ludwig and Sonya Levien (WINNER)
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell – Milton Sperling and Emmet Lavery
It’s Always Fair Weather – Betty Comden and Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot’s Holiday – Jacques Tati and Henri Marquet
The Seven Little Foys – Melville Shavelson and Jack Rose

Best Motion Picture Story:
Love Me or Leave Me – Daniel Fuchs (WINNER)
The Private War of Major Benson – Joe Connelly and Bob Mosher
Rebel Without a Cause – Nicholas Ray
The Sheep Has Five Legs – Jean Marsan, Henri Troyat, Jacques Perret, Henri Verneuil, and Raoul Ploquin
Strategic Air Command – Beirne Lay Jr.

Best Short Subject – Cartoons:
Speedy Gonzales (WINNER)
Good Will to Men
The Legend of Rockabye Point
No Hunting

Best Documentary Feature:
Helen Keller in Her Story (WINNER)
Heartbreak Ridge

Best Documentary Short Subject:
Men Against the Arctic – Walt Disney (WINNER)
The Battle of Gettysburg
The Face of Lincoln

Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel:
Survival City – Edmund Reek (WINNER)
3rd Ave. El – Carson Davidson
Gadgets Galore – Robert Youngson
Three Kisses – Justin Herman

Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel:
The Face of Lincoln (WINNER)
24-Hour Alert
The Battle of Gettysburg
On The Twelfth Day

Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture:
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Alfred Newman (WINNER)
Battle Cry – Max Steiner
The Man with the Golden Arm – Elmer Bernstein
Picnic – George Duning
The Rose Tattoo – Alex North

Best Scoring of a Musical Picture:
Oklahoma! – Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (WINNER)
Daddy Long Legs – Alfred Newman
Guys and Dolls – Jay Blackton and Cyril J. Mockridge
It’s Always Fair Weather – André Previn
Love Me or Leave Me – Percy Faith and Georgie Stoll

Best Song:
“Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing” from Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Music by Sammy Fain; Lyrics by Paul Francis Webster (WINNER)
“I’ll Never Stop Loving You” from Love Me or Leave Me – Music by Nicholas Brodszky; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn
“Something’s Gotta Give” from Daddy Long Legs – Music and Lyrics by Johnny Mercer
“The Tender Trap” from The Tender Trap – Music by Jimmy Van Heusen; Lyrics by Sammy Cahn
“Unchained Melody” from Unchained – Music by Alex North; Lyrics by Hy Zaret

Best Sound Recording:
Oklahoma! – Fred Hynes (WINNER)
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Carlton W. Faulkner
Love Me or Leave Me – Wesley C. Miller
Mister Roberts – William A. Mueller
Not as a Stranger – Watson Jones

Best Art Direction, Black-and-White:
The Rose Tattoo – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Tambi Larsen; Set Decoration: Samuel M. Comer and Arthur Krams (WINNER)
Blackboard Jungle – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Randall Duell; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Henry Grace
I’ll Cry Tomorrow – Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Malcolm Brown; Set Decoration: Edwin B. Willis and Hugh Hunt
The Man with the Golden Arm – Art Direction: Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Darrell Silvera
Marty – Art Direction: Ted Haworth and Walter M. Simonds; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley

Best Art Direction, Color:
Picnic – Art Direction: William Flannery and Jo Mielziner; Set Decoration: Robert Priestley (WINNER)
Daddy Long Legs – Art Direction: Lyle R. Wheeler and John DeCuir; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott and Paul S. Fox
Guys and Dolls – Art Direction: Oliver Smith and Joseph C. Wright; Set Decoration: Howard Bristol
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Art Direction: Lyle R. Wheeler and George Davis; Set Decoration: Walter M. Scott and Jack Stubbs
To Catch a Thief – Art Direction: Hal Pereira and Joseph McMillan Johnson; Set Decoration: Samuel M. Comer and Arthur Krams

Best Cinematography, Black-and-White:
The Rose Tattoo – James Wong Howe (WINNER)
Blackboard Jungle – Russell Harlan
I’ll Cry Tomorrow – Arthur Arling
Marty – Joseph LaShelle
Queen Bee – Charles Lang

Best Cinematography, Color:
To Catch a Thief – Robert Burks (WINNER)
Guys and Dolls – Harry Stradling
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Leon Shamroy
A Man Called Peter – Harold Lipstein
Oklahoma! – Robert Surtees

Best Costume Design, Black-and-White:
I’ll Cry Tomorrow – Helen Rose (WINNER)
The Pickwick Papers – Beatrice Dawson
Queen Bee – Jean Louis
The Rose Tattoo – Edith Head
Ugetsu – Tadaoto Kainosho

Best Costume Design, Color:
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing – Charles LeMaire (WINNER)
Guys and Dolls – Irene Sharaff
Interrupted Melody – Helen Rose
To Catch a Thief – Edith Head
The Virgin Queen – Charles LeMaire and Mary Wills

Best Film Editing:
Picnic – Charles Nelson and William Lyon (WINNER)
Blackboard Jungle – Ferris Webster
The Bridges at Toko-Ri – Alma Macrorie
Oklahoma! – Gene Ruggiero and George Boemler
The Rose Tattoo – Warren Low

Best Special Effects:
The Bridges at Toko-Ri (WINNER)
The Dam Busters
The Rains of Ranchipur

Best Foreign Language Film:
Samurai, The Legend of Musashi (Japan)

Oscar® and Academy Awards® and Oscar® design mark are the trademarks and service marks and the Oscar© statuette the copyrighted property, of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Pop Culture Madness is neither endorsed by nor affiliated with the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

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