Quick Facts from 1952:
- World Changing Event: The first patent for bar code was issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver.
- The Bigger World Changing Event: The United States successfully carried out its first ever hydrogen bomb explosion test, code-named Ivy Mike, on November 1, 1952 on Enewetak Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
- Influential Songs include: Your Cheatin’ Heart by Hank Williams and Heart and Soul by The Four Aces and High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me) by Frankie Laine
- The Movies to Watch include The Greatest Show in Earth, Hans Christian Andersen, The Quiet Man, High Noon, Moulin Rouge, The Big Sky and Singin’ in the Rain
- The Most Famous Person in America was probably Gary Cooper
- Notable books include: Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White, The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway and The Power of Positive Thinking by Norman Vincent Peale
- Price of Jaguar XK 120 hard top in 1952: $5,065.00
- US Life Expectancy: Males: 65.8 years, Females: 71.6 years
- The Funny Comedy Duo were: Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis
The Funniest TV Duo: Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca
The Funny Guy was: Milton Berle
The Funny TV Lady: Lucille Ball
- The Logo: Adidas purchased its famous 3-stripe logo from Karhu Sports in 1952, for two bottles of whiskey, and less than $2,000.
Top Ten Baby Names of 1952:
Linda, Mary, Patricia, Deborah, Susan, James, Robert, John, Michael, David
The Hotties and Fashion Icons:
Lauren Bacall, Martine Carol, Dorothy Dandridge, Doris Day, Diana Dors, Ava Gardner, Rita Hayworth, Grace Kelly, Eartha Kitt, Marilyn Monroe, Bettie Page, Jane Russell, Elizabeth Taylor, Lana Turner
Sex Symbols and Hollywood Hunks:
“Lucy, I’m home!”
– Ricky Ricardo, played by Dezi Arnez
“They’re gr-r-r-eat! ”
Tony The Tiger, voiced by Thurl Ravenscroft
– Kentucky Fried Chicken
Time Magazine’s Woman of the Year:
Queen Elizabeth II
Colleen Hutchins (Salt Lake City, UT)
Jackie Loughery (New York)
Area 51, if it existed at 37°14’20 N 115°48’58 W (37.239, -115.816), in southern Nevada, would have been started this year.
Pop Culture History:
Board game Scrabble was created in 1938 but did not become popular until 1952, when the president of Macy’s played it while on vacation. Surprised to find Macy’s did not carry it, he placed a large order and within two years four million games were sold.
French writer, Alfred Sauvy, invented the term “Third World” to describe the vast stretches of Africa, Asia, and Latin America whose citizens lived in dire poverty.
The “London Fog” was yellow smog so thick you couldn’t see the ground. These “pea soupers” often carried toxic chemicals and killed 4,000 people in five days. Due to the Clean Air Act the last London Fog was in 1962.
Wernher von Braun wrote a book called Project Mars which imagined that human colonists on Mars would be led by a person called “Elon”
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 allows the President to “suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens” who “would be detrimental to the interests of the United States”
Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver received the first patents for optical bar codes on October 7.
The British Hypnotism Act of 1952 prevents the broadcasting of hypnosis procedures due to the risk that people watching the broadcast are hypnotised and cannot be brought back.
‘Invasion of Washington’ was a 1952 Washington, DC mass UFO incident that several institutions and many people witnessed. It was dismissed by the Air Force as a combination of weather phenomena and the night sky, a claim which was disputed by all many people.
Les Paul started selling his classic electric guitar.
The 20th Century Fox media empire, now owned by Disney, is the namesake of William Fox ((born as Vilmos Fried, January 1, 1879 – May 8, 1952)) who was born as Vilmos Fried, lost control of the company in 1930, went bankrupt after the stock market crash, went to jail for perjury, and died more or less unnoticed.
Season Two of I Love Lucy included the most popular and remembered skit from the show – Lucy selling (and drinking) Vitameatavegamin. It had the ingredients you might expect – vitamins, meat, veggies and minerals. It also had a high (23%) alcohol content.
1952 was the year that Tony the Tiger started telling people that Kellogg’s Frosted Flakes were “Gr-r-reat!” Thurl Ravenscroft is best know for supplying the voice of Tony. Thurl was also the guy who sang You’re a Mean One, Mr. Grinch, in the original How the Grinch Stole Christmas TV special(1966), although many people mistakenly think it was narrator Boris Karloff.
The saying “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” was first said by philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist George Santayana (December 16, 1863 – September 26, 1952). He was mentioned in Billy Joel’s song We Didn’t Start the Fire, which referred to Santayana’s death.
Albert Einstein was offered the Presidency of the State of Israel. He declined, saying that as a scientist trained to deal with objective facts, he lacked the aptitude and experience to deal with people.
The B-52 bomber, prototyped in 1952, is planned to remain in service until at least 2040.
The first rock and roll concert, the Moondog Coronation Ball of 1952 at the Cleveland Arena in Cleveland, Ohio, was also the first rock and roll concert to be shut down by the local authorities.
A volcano emerged in a cornfield in 1943, named Paricutín, in Michoacán, Mexico. By the time it went dormant in 1952, three people had lost their lives and hundreds relocated, while two towns were buried by lava and three others heavily affected. The volcano is still quiet today and is now a tourist attraction.
George Stephen designed and sold the first Weber Grill in 1952.
American Bandstand, originally called Bandstand, premiered on a Philadelphia TV Station on October 7, 1952 with DJ Bob Horn serving as host.
A man wrote to The Philadelphia Inquirer to tell them that they had spelled his name wrong in a recent column; it was “Wolfeschlegelsteinhausenbergerdorff,” not “Wolfeschlegelsteinhasenbergerdorff.”
On May 2, the first commercial passenger jet flew from London to Johanesburg, inaugurating the age of jet travel. The trip carried 32 passengers and stopped 5 times en route.
Kent sold cigarettes with an asbestos filter claiming it was healthier than regular smoking. #itwasnt
Over 200 passengers passengers were trapped for days on a train at Donner Pass above Lake Tahoe in a massive blizzard in the California Sierra when when their train hit a snow bank. Two rescuers died trying to reach them. All passengers survived.
The United Kingdom successfully conducted a nuclear test to become the world’s third nuclear power on October 3, 1952.
The US Supreme Court handed down a decision in 1915 which established that free speech did nor extend to motion pictures, because they were not a form of art but just a business. It was overturned in 1952
1st appearances & 1952’s Most Popular Christmas gifts, toys and presents:
Mr. Potato Head (Mr PH was the first toy advertised on American TV) , Slinky Dog, PEZ candy dispensers*
*originally released in Europe starting in 1927 and the only ‘real’ human heads (For Regular Public Consumption) were Paul Revere, Daniel Boone, Santa Clause and Betsy Ross
Nobel Prize Winners:
Physics – Felix Bloch, Edward Mills Purcell
Chemistry – Archer John Porter Martin, Richard Laurence Millington Synge
Medicine – Selman Abraham Waksman
Literature – François Mauriac
Peace – Albert Schweitzer
Best Film Oscar Winner:
An American in Paris (presented in 1952)
Broadway Show – The Seven Year Itch (Play) Opened on November 20, 1952 and Closed: August 13, 1955
Popular and Notable Books From 1952:
The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk
The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Voyage of the Dawn Treader by C.S. Lewis
East of Eden by John Steinbeck
Giant by Edna Ferber
The Gown of Glory by Agnes Sligh Turnbull
The Houses in Between by Howard Spring
Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific in a Raft by Thor Heyerdahl
My Cousin Rachel by Daphne du Maurier
The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway
The Power of Positive Thinking by Norman Vincent Peale
The Saracen Blade by Frank Yerby
The Silver Chalice by Thomas B. Costain
Steamboat Gothic by Frances Parkinson Keyes
1952 Most Popular TV shows:
1. I Love Lucy (CBS)
2. Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts (CBS)
3. Arthur Godfrey and his Friends (CBS)
4. Dragnet (NBC)
5. Texaco Star Theatre (NBC)
6. The Buick Circus Hour (NBC)
7. The Colgate Comedy Hour (NBC)
8. Gangbusters (NBC)
9. You Bet Your Life (NBC)
10. Fireside Theatre (NBC)
1952 Billboard Number One Songs:
December 29, 1951 – March 14, 1952:
Cry – Johnny Ray
March 15 – May 16:
Wheel of Fortune – Kay Starr
May 17 – June 20:
Blue Tango – Leroy Anderson
June 21 – July 4:
Here in My Heart – Al Martino
July 5 – July 11:
Delicado – Percy Faith & his Orchestra
July 12 – September 12:
Auf Wiederseh’n Sweetheart – Vera Lynn
September 13 – October 17:
You Belong to Me – Jo Stafford
October 18 – November 21:
I Went To Your Wedding – Patti Page
November 22 – November 28:
It’s In The Book – Johnny Standley
November 29 – December 26:
Why Don’t You Believe Me – Joni James
December 27, 1952 – January 9, 1953:
I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus – Jimmy Boyd
World Series Champions: New York Yankees
NFL Champions: Detroit Lions
NBA Champions: Minneapolis Lakers
Stanley Cup Champs: Detroit Red Wings
U.S. Open Golf Julius Boros
U.S. Tennis: (Men/Ladies) Frank Sedgman/Maureen Connolly
Wimbledon (Men/Women): Frank Sedgman/Maureen Connolly
NCAA Football Champions: Georgia Tech & Michigan State
NCAA Basketball Champions: Kansas
Kentucky Derby: Hill Gail