Quick Facts from 1951:
- TV Ratings: In 1951, the first year Nielsen released television ratings, the most-watched series was Texaco Star Theater with a 61.6 rating. The 2017 winner (Sunday Night Football) scored only a 12.2.
- Influential Songs include: Be My Love by Mario Lanza and Cry by Johnnie Ray
- The Movies to Watch include The African Queen, Scrooge (A Christmas Carol), The Day The Earth Stood Still, Kon Tiki, A Streetcar Named Desire and Show Boat
- The Most Famous Person in America was probably John Wayne
- Notable books include: The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger and The Revolt of Mamie Stover by William Bradford Huie
- Price of children’s pair ‘Howdy Doody’ slippers in 1951: $1.99
- US Life Expectancy: Males: 65.6 years, Females: 71.4 years
- The Funny Guy was: Milton Berle
The Funny TV Lady: Lucille Ball
The Funniest TV Duo: Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca
- The Crazy Conspiracy: J.D. Salinger did not write Catcher in the Rye, the CIA did as a brainwashing instrument. Noted celebrity killers Mark David Chapman (John Lennon), John Hinckley (Ronald Reagan, survived), Robert Bardo (Rebecca Schaeffer) as well as Lee Harvey Oswald all supposedly recently read or had the book with them while committing their evil actions.
Top Ten Baby Names of 1951:
Linda, Mary, Patricia, Deborah, Barbara, James, Robert, John, Michael, David
The Hotties and Fashion Icons:
Lauren Bacall, Martine Carol, Dorothy Dandridge, Doris Day, Diana Dors, Ava Gardner, Rita Hayworth, Grace Kelly, Eartha Kitt, Marilyn Monroe, Jane Russell, Elizabeth Taylor, Lana Turner
Sex Symbols and Hollywood Hunks:
Marlon Brando, Humphrey Bogart, Montgomery Clift
“Gort! Klaatu barada nikto!”
– Patricia Neal in ‘The Day the Earth Stood Still’
“I have always depended on the kindness of strangers”
– Vivien Leigh, in ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’
“Stella! Hey, Stella!”
– Marlon Brando, in ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’
Time Magazine’s Man of the Year:
Yolande Betbeze (Mobile, AL)
Pop Culture History:
Joe DiMaggio had a 56 game hitting streak, and did not strike out during the 1951 season.
In 1951, MGM owed the dog who played Lassie $40,000 in back pay. Not planning any more Lassie movies, MGM instead gave the rights to the Lassie trademark to the dog’s trainer, who spun it off into a TV show that ran for 19 seasons.
Clarence Karcher and Eugene McDermott renamed their ‘Geophysical Service Inc” to Texas Instruments.
Ike Turner, ex-husband of Tina Turner, recorded what is considered by many to be the first rock and roll song, Rocket 88 (credited to Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats, who were actually Ike Turner’s Kings of Rhythm).
1951 introduced the world to Tupperware parties, although the products were first available in 1946. 1947 saw the development of the soft-burping Tupperware seal.
UPI photographer Arthur Sasse asked Albert Einstein to smile, but instead he stuck his tongue out, creating the famous photo. Leo Strauss coined the term ‘Reductio ad Hitlerum’ to describe the fallacy of trying to refute an opponent’s argument by comparing it to a view that would be held by Hitler or the Nazis.
Eddie Gaedel, a dwarf, became the shortest person in MLB history when he went up to bat a single time. His jersey number was 1/8. He was released from the team the following day.
Joe Gold opened the first ‘Gold’s Gym’ in New Orleans. Things didn’t work out, but he started again in Venice, California in 1965. The second time was the charm.
The first production car with power steering was the 1951 Chrysler Imperial.
The standard set for Compact Discs to be able to hold 74 minutes of audio, was made so that one disc could hold Wilhelm Furtwanglers recording of Beethoven’s Symphony no.9 from the 1951Bayteuth Festival.
The actor credited for performing in the most movies for a long time was Oliver Hardy, of Laurel and Hardy fame, with a record 417 movies between 1914 and 1951.
The first sex change operation was performed in Denmark. George William Jorgensen, Jr. was transformed into Christine Jorgensen.
“The World’s First Porn Star” was 16 year old Candy Barr (Juanita Slusher) starring in a silent porn film called Smart Alec.
“Only when my hunger was gone could I think straight. But I was still too young to understand fully just what I had done,” Barr told Playboy Magazine. “I’m still sick with shame over what I did, but when you’re (young) and all alone and your insides are crying for food, you can’t always figure out right from wrong.”
Eric Morley organized a bikini contest as part of the Festival of Britain, and it was intended as a promotion for the recently introduced bikini, which was widely regarded as immodest. It then went on to become an annual event called the Miss World Competition.
The movie Distant Drums contains the first known instance of “The Wilhelm Scream” (a sound effect of a man screaming, since used in hundreds other films and television shows).
Le Bal Oriental was a costume ball held in Venice was considered the “party of the century.” Hosted by Count “Charlie” Beistegui, a thousand guests attended, including Salvador Dali, Christian Dior, & Orson Wells.
Hallmark’s Hall of Fame is the longest prime time running TV show in history. It has been several networks but has continued without interruption and has won over 80 Emmys.
It was this year, 1951, that Lillian Vernon started mailing her catalogs.
Most of the cast and crew of the film classic The African Queen suffered from dysentery while on shooting on location in Uganda. Only Humphrey Bogart remained healthy, because he drank more whiskey than water.
The school board of Logan, Utah forced 7th graders to get tattoos of their blood type in case they were injured during a nuclear war. #ouch
The 1951 Boston Marathon was the first post-World War II athletic competition to invite Japanese athletes. It was won by Shigeki Tanaka, a Japanese citizen.
Alfred “Teen” Blackburn (April 26, 1842 – March 8, 1951) was the last confederate civil war veteran and former slave.
The Explorers Club in NYC hosted a dinner featuring meat from a woolly mammoth.
J.D. Salinger’s cultural phenomenon, The Catcher in the Rye, was published.
Reading J.D. Salinger’s ‘The Catcher in the Rye.’
1st appearances & 1951’s Most Popular Christmas gifts, toys and presents:
Muffin the Mule pull-toy, View-Master* with Disney reels, Scrabble**
*View-Master originally came out in 1939
** Scrabble was released in 1948 but didn’t become a hit until 1951
Nobel Prize Winners:
Physics – John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton
Chemistry – Edwin McMillan and Glenn T. Seaborg
Physiology or Medicine – Max Theiler
Literature – Pär Lagerkvist
Peace – Léon Jouhaux
Popular and Notable Books From 1951:
A Woman Called Fancy by Frank Yerby
The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk
The Cardinal by Henry Morton Robinson
The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian by C.S. Lewis
The Cruel Sea by Nicholas Monsarrat
The Foundling by Cardinal Spellman
From Here to Eternity by James Jones
Joy Street by Frances Parkinson Keyes
Melville Goodwin, U.S.A. by John P. Marquand
Moses by Sholem Asch
Return to Paradise by James A. Michener
The Revolt of Mamie Stover by William Bradford Huie
The Wanderer by Mika Waltari
Broadway Show – The King and I (Musical) Opened on March 29, 1951 and Closed: March 20, 1954
Oscar Best Picture:
All About Eve (presented in 1951)
1951 Most Popular TV shows:
1. Texaco Star Theatre (NBC)
2. Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts (CBS)
3. I Love Lucy (CBS)
4. The Red Skelton Show (NBC)
5. The Colgate Comedy Hour (NBC)
6. Arthur Godfrey and his Friends (CBS)
7. Fireside theatre (NBC)
8. Your Show of Shows (NBC)
9. The Jack Benny Show (CBS)
10. You Bet Your Life (NBC)
1951 Billboard Number One Songs:
December 16, 1950 – March 2, 1951:
The Tennessee Waltz – Patti Page
March 3 – March 9:
If – Perry Como
March 10 – April 20:
Be My Love – Mario Lanza
April 21 – June 22:
How High The Moon – Les Paul & Mary Ford
June 23 – July 27:
Too Young – Nat King Cole
July 28 – September 7:
Come On – A My House – Rosemary Clooney
September 8 – November 2:
Because Of You – Tony Bennett
November 3 – November 16:
Cold, Cold Heart – Tony Bennett
November 17 – December 28:
Sin (It’s No Sin) – Eddy Howard
December 29, 1951 – March 14, 1952:
Cry – Johnny Ray
World Series Champions: New York Yankees
NFL Champions: Los Angeles Rams
NBA Champions: Rochester Royals
Stanley Cup Champs: Toronto Maple Leafs
U.S. Open Golf Ben Hogan
U.S. Tennis: (Men/Ladies) Frank Sedgman/Maureen Connolly
Wimbledon (Men/Women): Dick Savitt/Doris Hart
NCAA Football Champions: Tennessee
NCAA Basketball Champions: Kentucky
Kentucky Derby: Count Turf