1940 Fun Facts, Trivia and History Quick Facts from 1940:
- Miraculous Event: British completed the Miracle of Dunkirk (between May 26 and June 4) by evacuating 338,226 allied troops from France via a flotilla of over private and military 800 vessels.
- Influential Songs include: When You Wish Upon A Star, Down Argentine Way and Beat Me Daddy Eight To The Bar
- The Movies to Watch include The Great Dictator, , Fantasia, The Philadelphia Story, The Grapes of Wrath, His Girl Friday, Gaslight, My Little Chickadee and Pinocchio
- The Most Famous Person in America was probably Pablo Picasso
- Notable books include: For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway, Horton Hatches the Egg by Dr. Seuss and Pat the Bunny by Dorothy Kunhardt
- 40-hour working week went into effect by amending the Fair Labor Standards Act.
- Price of loaf of bread in 1940: 10 cents
- Discovery of element 93 – Neptunium – was announced
- The Funny Trio Were: Bob Hope, Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour
- Hattie McDaniel became the first African-American to win an Academy Award.
- The Conversation: “Cheese!” People started saying cheese when smiling for the camera. In the earliest days of photography, they reputedly said “prunes” to keep from smiling.
Top Ten Baby Names of 1940:
Mary, Barbara, Patricia, Judith, Betty, Carol, Nancy, Linda, Shirley, Sandra
James, Robert, John, William, Richard, Charles, David, Thomas, Donald, Ronald
US Life Expectancy: (1940) Males: 60.8 years, Females: 65.2 years
Federal spending: $9.47 billion
Federal debt $50.7 billion
Consumer Price Index: $14
Gallon of Gas: 11 cents
Issue of Life Magazine: 10 cents
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
The Stars: Ingrid Bergman, Lilian Bond, Claudette Colbert, Olivia de Havilland, Betty Grable, Rita Hayworth, Katharine Hepburn, Hedy Lamarr, Vivien Leigh, Myrna Loy, Brenda Marshall, Ginger Rogers, Barbara Stanwyck, Gene Tierney, Lana Turner
Miss America: Frances Burke (Philadelphia, PA)
Time Magazine’s Man of the Year: Winston Churchill
Firsts, Inventions and Wonders:
The Three Stooges short comedy film You Nazty Spy! was released. It was the first Hollywood parody of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis.
Robin the Boy Wonder, made his debut in Detective Comics #38. (April cover date)
The Superman radio show debuted.
The Pennsylvania Turnpike opened (First US Superhighway)
The Sturgis Motorcycle Rally was held for the first time in Sturgis, South Dakota.
Brenda Starr, the first newspaper comic strip by a woman, Dale Messick, appeared for the Chicago Tribune Syndicate.
First televised baseball game, WGN-TV (White Sox vs Cubs, an exhibition game)
May 15, 1940 – The very first McDonald’s restaurant opened in San Bernardino, California.
Tom & Jerry cartoon shorts, created by William Hanna & Joseph Barbera, debuted by MGM in theaters.
People yell Geronimo! when jumping from things due to a private, Private Aubrey Eberhardt, who, while testing parachutes in 1940, claimed he wasn’t scared. He yelled the name when he jumped to prove this. The rest of the platoon did not want to be shown up so they yelled it as well and it quickly caught on.
Pop Culture News:
Bugs Bunny was born in in Brooklyn, New York, although a similar, unnamed rabbit was in several Warner Brothers cartoons in 1938 and 1939, his first actual appearance is considered A Wild Hare with long-time frenemy Elmer Fudd.
In 1940, scientists concluded that consumption of ice cream was the leading cause of the polio epidemic, solely based on the stats that there were more cases of polio in the summer, which was also when children ate the most ice cream.
The Lascaux prehistoric cave paintings were discovered in France.
W2XAB (now WCBS-TV) channel 2, premiered as the flagship station of the CBS television network, located in New York City.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park was dedicated.
Booker T. Washington became the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp.
The Philadelphia Story, directed by George Cukor, based on the Broadway play of the same name and starring Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn, was released.
The ‘America First Committee’ was founded, and had nearly 1,000,000 members. The peace organization was designed to keep the U.S and out of World War II. They disbanded on December 11, 1941.
Glenn Miller’s 1940 big band hit Pennsylvania 6-5000 is still a working telephone number (possibly the longest still in use) and calls the Hotel Pennsylvania across from Penn Station in NYC (212-736-5000). The Hotel Pennsylvania address is 401 7th Ave New York NY 10001-3463.
Pachelbel’s Canon was written in the 1690s but forgotten. It survived in only two manuscripts, was first published in 1919, and first recorded in 1940.
When Vegemite was invented in 1922 it almost failed as a product. By 1940, it was so central to the Aussie diet it even became mandatory in their WWII military rations.
Frank Mars and Bruce Murrie manufactured a candy-coated chocolate in six different colors – red, green, yellow, brown and violet. In 1949 violet was replaced by tan. M&Ms survived the red dye scare of 1976, and the rumored amourosity of the green ones.
London’s Richmond Golf Club didn’t stop play when the Nazis were bombing them in 1940, they just adjusted their rules. “A player whose stroke is affected by the simultaneous explosion of a bomb may play another ball from the same place. Penalty one stroke.”
The Great Dictator a satire/ social commentary film by and starring Charlie Chaplin released.
Chiune Sugihara was the Japanese consul general in Lithuania. Against tradition, and specific orders, he gave thousands of visas to nearly anyone who asked for them, and many did ask, so they could escape from the Nazi regime. He was fired of course, and lost his entire career. Why? He later said “They were human beings, and they needed help. I’m glad I found the strength to give it to them.”
“Now I’m going to tell you something I’ve kept to myself for years. None of you ever knew George Gipp. He was long before your time, but you all know what a tradition he is at Notre Dame. And the last thing he said to me, ‘Rock,’he said, ‘sometime when the team is up against it and the breaks are beating the boys, tell them to go out there with all they’ve got and win just one for the Gipper. I don’t know where I’ll be then, Rock,’he said, ‘but I’ll know about it and I’ll be happy’ ” – Pat O’Brien in Knute Rockne All American
“We shall not flag or fail. We shall fight on the beaches… on the landing grounds… in the fields and the streets… We shall never surrender.” – Winston Churchill
“I’ll be all around in the dark, I’ll be everywhere. Wherever you can look, wherever there’s a fight, so hungry people can eat, I’ll be there. Wherever there’s a cop beatin’ up a guy, I’ll be there. I’ll be there in the way guys yell when they’re mad. I’ll be there in the way kids laugh when they’re hungry and they know supper’s ready, and when people are eatin’ the stuff they raise and livin’ in the houses they built – I’ll be there, too” – Henry Fonda, in The Grapes of Wrath
The Rhythm Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, killed 198 people.
Popular and Notable Books Popular in 1940:
The Family by Nina Fedorova
For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway
The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
Horton Hatches the Egg by Dr. Seuss
How Green Was My Valley by Richard Llewellyn
Kitty Foyle by Christopher Morley
Mrs. Miniver by Jan Struther
The Nazarene by Sholem Asch
Night in Bombay by Louis Bromfield
Oliver Wiswell by Kenneth Roberts
Pat the Bunny by Dorothy Kunhardt
Stars on the Sea by F. van Wyck Mason
Physics – not awarded
Chemistry – not awarded
Physiology or Medicine – not awarded
Literature – not awarded
Peace – not awarded
1940 United States Census:
Total US Population: 132,164,569
1. New York, New York – 7,457,995
2. Chicago, Illinois – 3,396,808
3. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – 1,931,334
4. Detroit, Michigan – 1,623,452
5. Los Angeles, California – 1,504,277
6. Cleveland, Ohio – 878,336
7. Baltimore, Maryland – 859,100
8. St. Louis, Missouri – 816,048
9. Boston, Massachusetts – 770,816
10. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – 671,659
World Series Champions: Cincinnati Reds
NFL Champs: Chicago Bears
Stanley Cup Champs: New York Rangers
U.S. Open Golf: Lawson Little
U.S. Tennis (Men/Ladies): Donald McNeill/Alice Marble
Wimbledon (Men/Women): not held
NCAA Football Champions: Minnesota
Basketball Champions: Indiana
Kentucky Derby Winner: Gallahadion
Boston Marathon Winner: Gérard Côté Time: 2:28:28