|1937 Fun Facts, Trivia and History|
Quick Facts from 1937:
|Top Ten Baby Names of 1937: |
Mary, Barbara, Patricia, Shirley, Betty, Robert, James, John, William, Richard
|US Life Expectancy:
(1937) Males: 58.0 years, Females: 62.4 years
|The Stars: |
Josephine Baker, Joan Blondell, Claudette Colbert, Olivia de Havilland, Betty Grable, Hedy Lamarr, Myrna Loy, Ginger Rogers, Barbara Stanwyck, Lana Turner
|Miss America: Bette Cooper (Bertrand Island, NJ)|
|Time Magazine’s Men of the Year: Chiang Kai-shek and Soong May-ling|
Firsts, Inventions, and Wonders:
Porky’s Duck Hunt, directed by Tex Avery, for the Looney Tunes series, featured the debut of Daffy Duck.
Look Magazine debuted.
The Prince Valiant comic strip, by Hal Foster, debuted.
The first issue of Detective Comics was published. Issue #27 featured the first appearance of Batman.
The Lincoln Tunnel opened to traffic in New York City.
The world’s first shopping cart was used at Humpty Dumpty supermarket, in Oklahoma City.
San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge opened.
Spam was introduced by the Hormel company.
The world’s first emergency call telephone service was launched in London, using the number 999.
Bras with four cup sizes (A, B, C, and D) were introduced. Before long, these cup sizes got nicknames: egg cup, teacup, coffee cup, and challenge cup.
John Steinbeck’s novella, Of Mice and Men, was published.
J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit was published
To Have and Have Not, by Ernest Hemingway, was published.
The Hindenburg Disaster
On May 6th, 1937, the Hindenburg disaster occurred. The LZ 129 Hindenburg was an airship that caught fire and exploded during its attempt to dock at Naval Air Station Lakehurst in Manchester Township, New Jersey. This tragedy claimed the lives of 35 people including 13 passengers and 22 crewmen who were on board for this voyage. An additional person died as a result of the explosion on the ground.
One notable thing about this disaster was that it occurred because hydrogen gas, which is highly flammable, had been used to keep the airship afloat instead of helium which is not flammable and therefore safer for passengers. In order to help prevent situations like these from happening again, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was created in 1958. This agency is responsible for regulating and overseeing all aspects of aviation in the United States. They work to ensure that all passengers are safe when flying and set safety standards for aircrafts, pilots, and air traffic controllers. The Hindenburg disaster serves as a reminder that even though new technologies can seem exciting and promising, they need to be tested for safety before being put into use. The FAA helps us to learn from past mistakes so that tragedies like this one don’t happen again.
|The biggest Pop Artists of 1937 include:
Gus Arnheim & His Orchestra, Fred Astaire, Mildred Bailey, Connee Boswell, Larry Clinton and His Orchestra, Bing Crosby, Bob Crosby and His Orchestra, Dolly Dawn & Her Dawn Patrol, Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra, Duke Ellington, Shep Fields and His Rippling Rhythm, Jan Garber and His Orchestra, Benny Goodman and His Orchestra, Mal Hallett & His Orchestra, Horace Heidt and His Orchestra, Billie Holiday, Sammy Kaye, Hal Kemp and His Orchestra, Wayne King and His Orchestra, Andy Kirk and His 12 Clouds of Joy, Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians, Jimmie Lunceford and His Orchestra, Abe Lyman and His California Orchestra, Russ Morgan, Ozzie Nelson and His Orchestra, Rudy Vallée & His Connecticut Yankees, Teddy Wilson & His Orchestra, Fats Waller
January 20, 1937 (Wednesday) Second inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt
Pop Culture News:
Hewlett-Packard was founded. The first big job for the young company was Disney, for Fantasia. Although initially a manufacturer of measurement instruments, they entered the computer industry in the 1960s.
Hector Boiardi started canning his great pasta sauce in 1937.
The original film A Star Is Born was released in 1937 and there have been 3 remakes since; in 1954, 1976 and 2018. The original film plot was not centered around singer/musicians as the successors were.
Ray-Ban sunglasses were made for U.S. Air Force pilots in 1936, and were such a hit that they began to be sold to the public in 1937. The brand has been featured in many films.
They say that Picasso’s greatest work was Guernica, which he painted in 1937. It was over 11 feet high and 25 feet wide.
The 1937 Best Supporting Actress Oscar went to Alice Brady for her role in In Old Chicago, but she couldn’t attend the ceremony, so a man walked up and accepted the award on her behalf. After the show, he and the stolen Oscar were never seen again.
The silent film archives of Fox Film Corporation were destroyed by the 1937 Fox vault fire.
The Tomb of the Unknowns has been continuously guarded without interruption since 1937.
Lou Thesz beat Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Association (NWA) World heavyweight title.
Snow Whites and the Seven Dwarfs:
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs premiered December 21, 1937, just 2 months after The Hobbit by J.R. R.Tolkien (which prominently features 13 dwarves) was published. #dwarfs or #dwarves
Adriana Caselotti was only paid $970 ($15,913 today) to voice Snow White.
Snow White was the highest-grossing animated film until Aladdin came out in 1992.
Adriana Caselotti and Harry Stockwell, the voices of Snow White and Prince Charming, were not invited to the premiere of the 1937 film, so they snuck into the theater to watch it.
Walt Disney won an honorary Oscar with 7 little Oscars on it, for Snow White and the 7 Dwarfs.
The German airship Hindenburg burst into flame when mooring to a mast in Lakehurst, New Jersey. Of the 36 passengers and 61 crew on board, 13 passengers and 22 crew died, as well as one member of the ground crew.
Pins and Needles (Review) Opened on November 27, 1937, and Closed: June 22, 1940
|Nobel Prize Winners:
Physics – Clinton Joseph Davisson, George Paget Thomson
Chemistry – Walter Haworth, Paul Karrer
Physiology or Medicine – Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrapolt
Literature – Roger Martin du Gard
Peace – Robert Cecil
|Popular and Notable Books From 1937:
And So-Victoria by Vaughan Wilkins
The Citadel by A. J. Cronin
Death on the Nile by Agatha Christie
Drums Along the Mohawk by Walter D. Edmonds
Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
The Hobbit or There and Back Again by J.R.R. Tolkien
Northwest Passage by Kenneth Roberts
Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck
The Story of Babar by Jean de Brunhoff
The Rains Came by Louis Bromfield
Theatre by W. Somerset Maugham
Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston
Think and Grow Rich by Napolean Hill
We Are Not Alone by James Hilton
The Years by Virginia Woolf
World Series Champions: New York Yankees
NFL Champs: Washington Redskins
Stanley Cup Champs: Detroit Red Wings
U.S. Open Golf: Ralph Guldahl
U.S. Tennis (Men/Ladies): J. Donald Budge/Anita Lizana
Wimbledon (Men/Women): Don Budge/Dorothy Round
NCAA Football Champions: Pittsburg
Kentucky Derby Winner: War Admiral
Boston Marathon Winner: Walter Young Time: 2:33:20