1930 Trivia, Fun Facts and History
Quick Facts from 1930:
|Top Ten Baby Names of 1930:
Mary, Betty, Dorothy, Helen, Margaret, Barbara, Patricia, Joan, Doris, Ruth
Robert, James, John, William, Richard, Charles, Donald, George, Joseph, Edward
|US Life Expectancy: (1930) Males: 58.1 years, Females: 61.6 years|
|The Stars: Josephine Baker, Joan Blondell, Clara Bow, Louise Brooks, Joan Crawford, Marion Davies, Dolores Del Rio, Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, Jean Harlow, Myrna Loy, Barbara Stanwyck, Thelma Todd|
|Miss America: none|
|Time Magazine’s Man of the Year: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Entertainment History: The Academy Awards:
The 2nd Academy Awards occurred on April 3, 1930, at an extravagant dinner at the Cocoanut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California. William C. DeMille, older brother of the famed director Cecil B. DeMille, acted as the evening’s host. This event marked the first time the eligibility period was extended to more than one year, covering films released between August 1, 1928, and July 31, 1929. Interestingly, the ceremony was private, attended mostly by industry insiders, and not broadcast on radio or television. The Best Picture winner was The Broadway Melody, and it also was the first sound film to win the top honor. One trivia nugget—there was no Best Actor or Best Actress category; instead, winners received an “Academy Award for Best Acting.”
The 3rd Academy Awards were held on November 5, 1930, at the iconic Fiesta Room of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California. Conrad Nagel, a prominent actor of that era, hosted the ceremony. The eligibility year for the films was from August 1, 1929, to July 31, 1930, which was a departure from the previous year’s extended eligibility period. This year featured the first-ever awards for Best Sound Recording and Best Art Direction, adding some new categories. All Quiet on the Western Front took home the Best Picture award and was also notable for its anti-war narrative. Another fascinating piece of trivia: The awards ceremony was the shortest in history, lasting just 15 minutes. There were no acceptance speeches, and winners were announced in advance, stripping the event of some of its modern-day suspense.
|Firsts, Inventions, and Wonders:
Cartoon hottie Betty Boop first appeared in 1930, in Dizzy Dishes, although she was more like a poodle. She became more human-like in 1932.
The first appearance of comic strip Blondie by Chic Young.
January 13 – The first Mickey Mouse comic strip was published.
The radio mystery program The Shadow aired for the first time.
Scotch cellophane tape was invented in 1930 by 3M engineer Richard Drew. The ‘3M’ stands for the original company name – Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company.
Twinkies, a “Golden Sponge Cake with Creamy Filling” was invented.
MGM’s first color (Technicolor) sound cartoon, Fiddlesticks, was made by Ub Iwerks.
KFC, also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken was founded by Colonel Harland David Sanders. He was not a military colonel.
Clarence Birdseye was granted a US Patent (#1773079A) for his method of quick freezing food.
Clyde Tombaugh was photographing the sky and comparing the pictures. He noticed a faint dot that had moved. The young man from Kansas discovered Pluto, named by 11-year old Venetia Burney. Percival Lowell thought something was up between Neptune and Uranus and had been looking for the planet since 1905 or so.
The Irish Free State Hospitals’ Sweepstakes (Irish Sweepstakes) was founded.
Paul and Joseph Galvin, along with William Lear created the first car radio which was called a “motorized victrola” which they shortened to Motorola.
In 1924 Kleenex was invented and advertised as a cold cream remover. It was rebranded in 1930 after many customers reported using the product mostly for blowing their nose.
Neoprene (a versatile rubber) was invented by DuPont.
Spaulding developed the Kro-Flight golf ball, the first wound ball with a liquid center. The ball increased distance and control for golfers.
|The biggest Pop Artists of 1930 include:
Arden-Ohman Orchestra, Earl Burtnett & His Los Angeles Biltmore Hotel Orchestra, Duke Ellington, Libby Holman, Isham Jones and His Orchestra, Wayne King and His Orchestra, Ted Lewis and His Band, Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians, Red Nichols & His Five Pennies, Regent Club Orchestra, Harry Richman, Leo Reisman Orchestra, Jacques Renard and His Orchestra, Nat Shilkret & the Victor Orchestra, Rudy Vallée & His Connecticut Yankees, Ted Wallace & His Campus Boys, Fred Waring’s Pennsylvanians, Ted Weems and His Orchestra, Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra
Charts based on Billboard music charts.
A mysterious man visited Edgar Allen Poe’s grave every year from 1930-1998 and offered a toast with a glass of Cognac.
Elm Farm Ollie was the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft, and she was the first cow to be milked in an airplane.
War Plan Red was a hypothetical plan for the U.S. invasion of Canada that was approved in 1930 by the American Secretary of War.
George Stathakis died after going over Niagara Falls in a barrel, suffocating after becoming trapped behind a water curtain upon impact. His 150-year-old turtle, which came with him, survived.
The Four identical Genain Quadruplet sisters born in 1930 who all developed schizophrenia, suggesting a strong genetic component to schizophrenia.
Pop Culture History:
The first commercially released “Looney Tunes” cartoon was 1930’s Sinkin’ in the Bathtub. Looney Tunes was created to promote WB’s music catalog in 1930. That’s why it’s “Tunes” and not “Toons”
The Motion Pictures Production “Hayes Code” was instituted, imposing guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in films. It was in place until 1968.
Agatha Christie, G. K. Chesterton, and other British mystery writers formed the Detection Club. Members swore an oath to not use “Divine Revelation, Feminine Intuition, Mumbo Jumbo, Jeggiry-Pokery, Coincidence, or Act of God” in stories. Founded in 1930, the club still exists.
Sir Frank Whittle (RAF) invented the modern jet engine, using a gas turbine to provide forward thrust.
In 1919 Michael Keogh stopped an angry mob of men from killing two right-winged political agents they were beating up. In 1930 at a Nuremberg rally, Keogh recognized one of the agents he had saved. It was Adolf Hitler.
The world’s “longest-running laboratory experiment” demonstrates the fluidity and high viscosity of pitch, a derivative of tar once used for waterproofing boats.” In 1930 pitch was left in a glass funnel to drip out and has only dropped 9 times: about once every 10 years.
In 1930 there were only 14 Shih Tzu’s left in the world due to restrictions in dog breeding. All modern-day Shih Tzu’s are direct descendants of those 14 dogs.
Hamsters in North America and most other places are descended from one pregnant female, captured in Syria in 1930.
The Bank of Italy (founded in San Francisco, California, in 1904) was renamed Bank of America.
The Hotel Pennsylvania was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad and operated by Ellsworth Statler. It opened on January 25, 1919, and has used the Phone Number Pennsylvania 6-5000 (212-736-5000) since ~1930. It was also the title of a hit song for Glenn Miller.
|Nobel Prize Winners:
Physics – Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Chemistry – Hans Fischer
Physiology or Medicine – Karl Landsteiner
Literature – Sinclair Lewis
Peace – Nathan Söderblom
The Number One Hits of 1930
January 11, 1930 – January 31, 1930
February 1, 1930 – February 7, 1930
February 8, 1930 – February 28, 1930
March 1, 1930 – March 7, 1930
March 8, 1930 – March 21, 1930
March 22, 1930 – May 30, 1930
May 31, 1930 – June 13, 1930
June 14, 1930 – July 4, 1930
July 5, 1930 – August 22, 1930
August 23, 1930 – September 19, 1930
September 20, 1930 – October 17, 1930
October 18, 1930 – November 28, 1930
November 29, 1930 – December 19, 1930
December 30, 1930 – January 16, 1931
|Popular and Best-selling Books From 1930:
Angel Pavement by J. B. Priestley
Chances by A. Hamilton Gibbs
Cimarron by Edna Ferber
The Door by Mary Roberts Rinehart
Exile by Warwick Deeping
The Hidden Staircase (Nancy Drew #2) by Carolyn Keene
The Little Engine That Could by Watty Piper
Rogue Herries by Hugh Walpole
The Secret of the Old Clock (Nancy Drew #1) by Carolyn Keene
Twenty-Four Hours by Louis Bromfield
The Woman of Andros by Thornton Wilder
Years of Grace by Margaret Ayer Barnes
Young Man of Manhattan by Katharine Brush
|FIFA World Cup (Soccer):
This was the first ‘World Cup.’ It was started because the United States, 1932 Olympic Host, was not going to feature the game in the 1932 Olympiad.
|1930 United States Census:
Total US Population: 123,202,624
1. New York, New York – 6,930,446
2. Chicago, Illinois – 3,376,438
3. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – 1,950,961
4. Detroit, Michigan – 1,568,662
5. Los Angeles, California – 1,238,048
6. Cleveland, Ohio – 900,429
7. St. Louis, Missouri – 821,960
8. Baltimore, Maryland – 804,874
9. Boston, Massachusetts – 781,188
10. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – 669,817
World Series Champions: Philadelphia Athletics
Stanley Cup Champs: Montreal Canadiens
U.S. Open Golf: Bobby Jones
U.S. Tennis (Men/Ladies): John H. Doeg/Betty Nuthall
Wimbledon (Men/Women): Bill Tilden/Helen Moody
NCAA Football Champions: Alabama & Notre Dame
Kentucky Derby Winner: Gallant Fox
Boston Marathon Winner: Clarence DeMar Time: 2:34:48