Pedro José Domingo de la Calzada Manuel María Lascuráin Paredes was a Mexican politician who served as the 34th President of Mexico for less than one hour on February 19, 1913, the shortest presidency in the history of the world.
His short reign took place on the 19th of February 1914 in Mexico during the “La Decena Trágica” which translates to the Ten Tragic Days.
The Ten Tragic Days led to an overthrowing of the government and the assassination of President Francisco I. Madero, and his Vice President, José María Pino Suárez.
The whole thing started over a fraudulent election that put the people in a state of civil unrest and after protesting and rioting got bad enough, people made a motion toward the government to overthrow it.
Newspaper reporters waiting outside the Palace reported that Madero and Suárez were put into two cars at about 11:45 pm, and were driven in the direction of the penitentiary, escorted by a dozen soldiers, under the command of Maj. Francisco Cárdenas of the Rurales. Rather than the door of the penitentiary. The two car’s final destination passed the street leading to it and went on to a vacant space back of the building. Here the cars stopped and shots were heard. What had actually occurred will probably never be known exactly but the end result was with Pedro as pres for a little under an hour.
After his short reign, Pedro was offered a spot in the cabinet but he refused, instead he went back to his career as a lawyer and published a few works before passing away in his 90s in 1952.
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