331 BC - Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of
Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela, bringing about the fall
of the Persian Empire.
1843 - London's The News of the World began publication.
1880 - John Philip Sousa, the first recorded popular
music star, became the leader of the United States Marine
1908 - For $825 each, Ford's Model T car was put on
1940 - The Pennsylvania Turnpike opened to traffic.
It is considered the first US superhighway.
1948 - Over Fargo, North Dakota, WW II pilot George
F. Gorman reported 'playing chicken" with a blinking
orb of light UFO. It was visually seen by people in the control
tower, but did not show up on radar.
1955 - The Honeymooners premiered on CBS
1957 - First appearance of "In God We Trust"
on U.S. paper currency, on one dollar bills.
1958 - The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
(NACA) became the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
1971 - Walt Disney World opened near Orlando, Florida.
1989 - Denmark introduced the world's first legal
modern same-sex civil union, called a "registered partnership".
1992 - Cartoon Network begins broadcasting. The first
cartoon, outside of Droopy Dog's introduction, was Bugs Bunny
in Rhapsody Rabbit.
1992- Cartoon Network is initiated.
1996 - Animal Planet made its debut
1999 - The infamous "You Fool" episode of
Hollywood Squares aired.
2006 - Dexter premiered on Showtime
2010 - Sony launched Sony Movie Channel
2013 - The United States federal government shutdown
of 2013 (October 1-16) affected many operations for the US
1187 - Saladin captured Jerusalem from Balian of Ibelin.
1893 - Cheniere Caminada Hurricane, Louisiana
1950 - Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz was first published.
1955 - Alfred Hitchcock premiered on CBS
1958 - The Huckleberry Hound Show premiered, in syndication
1959 - The anthology series The Twilight Zone premiered
1967 - Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first
African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.
1968 - The Tlatelolco massacre took place in Mexico
City. 30-300 student protesters and supporters were killed.
2000 - Triple Play (3 cars) was played for the first
time on The Price is Right.
2002 - The Beltway sniper attacks began. Paul LaRuffa,
a 55-year-old pizzeria owner, was shot six times at close
range - he survived, but 17 other people did not.
2006 - Five school girls were murdered by Charles
Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel Mines,
1863 - The last Thursday in November was declared
as Thanksgiving Day by US President Abraham Lincoln.
1872 - The Bloomingdale brothers opened their first
store at 938 Third Avenue, in New York City.
1949 - WERD, the first black-owned radio station in
the United States, opened in Atlanta. WERD was at 860 AM,
and is now WAEC.
1955 - Captain Kangaroo premiered on CBS
1955 - The Mickey Mouse Club premiered on ABC
1957 - The California State Superior Court ruled that
Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems was not obscene.
1960 - The Andy Griffith Show premiered on CBS
1961 - The Dick Van Dyke Show premiered on CBS
1985 - The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its first
1988 - Turner Network Television (TNT) began on cable,
with Gone With The Wind
1992- Singer Sinead O'Conner stirred up controversy
when she ripped up a picture of Pope John Paul II on Saturday
1995 - More than 150 million people tuned in for the
announcement of the verdict in the O.J. Simpson trial. The
not guilty verdict was met with both praise and criticism.
2204 - Desperate Housewives premiered on ABC
1535 - The first complete English-language Bible (the
Coverdale Bible) was printed, translated by William Tyndale
and Myles Coverdale.
1876 - Texas A&M University opened as the Agricultural
and Mechanical College of Texas.
1883 - First run of the Orient Express, from Paris,
to Giurgiu in Romania via Munich and Vienna.
1895 - The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship
was played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island.
1941 - Norman Rockwell's Willie Gillis character debuted
on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
1957 - The USSR launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial
satellite to orbit the Earth.
1965 - Pope Paul VI's visit to New York got television
coverage on all 3 American networks. The Papal Mass at Yankee
Stadium was broadcast in color.
1980 - Heathcliff premiered on ABC Saturday morning
1988 - Televangelist Jim Bakker was indicted for fraud.
1990 - Beverly Hills, 90210 premiered on FOX
2004 - SpaceShipOne won the Ansari X Prize, for private
spaceflight, by being the first private craft to fly into
1944 - Suffrage was extended to women in France.
1947 - The first televised White House address was
given by US President Harry S. Truman.
1950 - You Bet Your Life, featuring Groucho Marx,
premiered on NBC.
1962 - Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film series,
1966 There was a partial core meltdown at the Enrico
Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor, near Detroit,
1969 - The first episode of Monty Python's Flying
Circus aired on BBC One. It ran 45 episodes, until 1974.
1970 - The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) began
broadcasting and National Educational Television (NET) closed.
1982 - Johnson & Johnson began a nationwide product
recall in the US for all products in its Tylenol brand after
several bottles in Chicago were found to have been laced with
cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
1984 - Marc Garneau became the first Canadian in space,
flying aboard the US Space Shuttle Challenger.
1991 - The first official version of the Linux kernel
(version 0.02) was released.
2001 - Barry Bonds surpassed Mark McGwire's single-season
home run total withthe 71st and 72nd home runs.
2011 - American Horror Story premiered on FX
1876 - The American Library Association was founded.
1927 - Opening of The Jazz Singer with its Vitaphone
sound-on-disc system, in New York City.
1948 (Earthquake) Ashgabat, Soviet Union
1948 - The first television network soap opera, Faraway
Hill, is broadcast by the DuMont Network.
1981 - Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat was murdered
by Khalid Islambouli.
1985 - Jem and the Holograms debuted, in syndication
1986 - Double Dare premiered on Nickelodeon
2000 - CSI: Crime Scene Investigation premiered on
2004 - Ghost Hunters premiered on Syfy
2007 - Jason Lewis completed the first human-powered
circumnavigation of the globe (pedal power).
3761 BC - Today was the first day of creation, according
to the Jewish Talmudic Calendar.
1737 (Cyclone) India
1919 - KLM, the Netherlands official airline, was
1933 - Air France began, with the merger of 5 smaller
1950 - Mother Teresa opened the Missionary of Charity
1952 - WFIL in Philadelphia introduced Bandstand (later
called American Bandstand)
1958 - The US manned space-flight project was renamed
Project Mercury. It was originally called Project Astronaut.
1985 - The Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestine
Liberation Front. The hijackers killed wheel-chair bound Jewish-American
passenger Leon Klinghoffer, throwing him overboard after shooting
1996 - The Fox News Channel begins broadcasting.
1860 - Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San
Francisco began operating.
1881 - Haighong Typhoon, Vietnam
1871 - Peshtigo Fire, Wisconsin (2000 estimated dead)
1871 - Great Michigan Fire (500? killed)
1871 - Peshtigo, Wisconsin Fire (over 1200 killed)
1871 - Great Chicago Fire (300 estimated dead)
1967 - Che Guevara and his men were captured in Bolivia.
1982 - Cats, based on Old Possum's Book of Practical
Cats by T. S. Eliot, opened on Broadway and ran for nearly
18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.
1984 - 'The Burning Bed' starring Farrah Fawcett,
aired on NBC
1986 - The Fox Broadcasting Company became the US'
fourth commercial broadcast television network, with The Late
Show, hosted by Joan Rivers.
2001 - US President George W. Bush announced the establishment
of the Office of Homeland Security.
2005 (Earthquake) Kashmir, Pakistan
768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne were crowned Kings
of The Franks. Carloman dies in 771, and Charlemagne reigned
1767 - Surveying for the Mason-Dixon line separating
Maryland from Pennsylvania was completed.
1824 - Slavery was abolished in Costa Rica.
1873 - The US Naval Institute was established.
1888 - The Washington Monument officially opened to
1919 - The Cincinnati Reds won the World Series, and
eight White Sox players were later accused of intentionally
losing games in exchange for money from gamblers.
1967 - Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara was exectuded
in Bolivia .
1980 - Pope John Paul II met and shook hands with
the Dalai Lama in Vatican City.
2006 - North Korea may have tested its first nuclear
2012 - Pakistani Taliban made a failed attempt to
assassinate 15 year-old Malala Yousafzai on her way home from
1780 - The Great Hurricane of 1780 killed20,000 to
30,000 people in the Caribbean region.
1845 - In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (now
the United States Naval Academy) opened.
1871 - The Great Chicago Fire finally dissipated.
1871 - Tau Epsilon Phi was founded at Columbia University
(other organizations did not allow Jewish members)
1918 - The Cloquet Fire, northern Minnesota, USA
1957 - The finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli
Gbedemah, was refused service in a Howard Johnson's restaurant
in Dover, Delaware. It was a bit of an international incident.
He later was invited to dine with US President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1964 - NBC aired the 1964 Summer Olympics opening
ceremony at Tokyo, Japan, with the first time of live Olympic
telecast program, by geostationary communication satellite,
1973 - Vice President of the US Spiro Agnew resigned,
after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
1983 - Adam, a TV-movie about the mysterious disappearance
of Adam Walsh, premiered on NBC
2010 - Cable channel The Hub (Now Discovery Family)
made its debut in the United States.
2012 - Nashville premiered on ABC
1138 (Earthquake) Aleppo, Syria
1811 -The Juliana, began operation as the first steam-powered
ferry service between New York City, New York, and Hoboken,
1852 - The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest
1890 The Daughters of the American Revolution were
founded, in Washington, DC.
1958 - NASA launched the lunar probe Pioneer 1.
1962 - Pope John XXIII convenes the Second Vatican
Council, changing several rules, including saying The mass
in the local languages and having the celebrant (priest) face
1973 - Charles Hickson and Calvin Parker were abducted
by aliens in Mississippi, they told authorities.
1984 - Aastronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the
first American woman to perform a space walk, on the Space
2006 - 30 Rock premiered on NBC
1792 - First celebration of Columbus Day in the US
was held in New York City.
1810 - Oktoberfest begins: In Germany, the Bavarian
royal family invited the citizens of Munich to join the celebration
of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria to Princess
Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
1823 - Charles Macintosh of Scotland began selling
1918 - Cloquet Fire, Minnesota killed over 400 people.
1950 - The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show debuted
1960 - Nikita Khrushchev famously pounded his shoe
on a desk at United Nations General Assembly.
1964 - The USSR launched Voskhod 1 into Earth orbit
as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew; it was the
first flight without space suits.
1979 - The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the first
of five books in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy comedy
science fiction series by Douglas Adams was published. The
1994 - NASA lost radio contact with the Magellan spacecraft
as it descended into the thick, acidic atmosphere of Venus.
2000 - The USS Cole was badly damaged in Aden, Yemen,
by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding
at least 39.
1773 - The Whirlpool Galaxy, almost 25 million light
years away, was discovered by Charles Messier.
1775 - The United States Continental Congress ordered
the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the
United States Navy).
1843 - B'nai B'rith was founded in New York City.
1917 - The 10 minute "Miracle of the Sun"
was witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da
Iria in Fátima, Portugal.
1958 - Paddington Bear made his debut in 'A Bear Called
1963 (Volcano Eruption) Kuril Islands
1991- Jennifer Lopez joined the cast of "In Living
Color" as a Fly Girl. Jamie Foxx, Steve Park and Shawn
Wayans are also added to the cast.
2010 - The 2010 Copiapo mining accident in Copiapo,
Chile ended as all 33 miners came to the surface after surviving
a record 69 days underground.
1926 - Winnie the Pooh, by A. A. Milne, was first
1881 - Eyemouth Windstorm Disaster, Scotland
1908 - The Chicago Cubs defeated the Detroit Tigers,
2-0, winning the World Series.
1912 - Former President of the US, Theodore Roosevelt,
was shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank. With the fresh
wound and bullet in his chest, Roosevelt still gave his scheduled
1947 - Captain Chuck Yeager flew a Bell X-1 rocket-powered
(and experimental) aircraft, the Glamorous Glennis, faster
than the speed of sound over the high desert of Southern California.
1964 - Martin Luther King, Jr. received the Nobel
Peace Prize for striving to end racial inequality through
1972 - Kung Fu premiered on ABC
1982 - President Ronald Reagan proclaimed the War
1994 - Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, The Prime
Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and the Foreign Minister
of Israel, Shimon Peres, receive the Nobel Peace Prize for
their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords.
2003 - The 'Steve Bartman Incident' occurred during
a Major League Baseball (MLB) in the eighth inning of Game
6 of the National League Championship Series game played between
the Chicago Cubs and the Florida Marlins. Chicago lost.
2007 - Keeping Up with the Kardashians premiered on
1582 - Pope Gregory XIII implemented the Gregorian
calendar. In several countries October 4 of that year was
followed directly by October 15.
1878 - The Edison Electric Light Company began operations.
1888 - The "From Hell" letter sent by Jack
the Ripper was received by the London authorities (Whitechapel
1951 - I Love Lucy premiered on CBS. It was filmed
on three cameras, a TV first.
1966 - The Black Panther Party was created by Huey
P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
1987 - Bob Barker, host of The Price Is Right, stopped
dying his hair. The audience gave hima standing ovation when
he came onstage, white-haired
2000 - Curb Your Enthusiasm premiered on HBO
2001 - Smallville premiered on The WB
1793 - Marie Antoinette, widow of Louis XVI, was guillotined
at the height of the French Revolution. The phrase "Let
them eat cake" is often attributed to Marie but there
is no evidence she ever said it.
1814 - The Great Beer Flood. More than 323,000 gallons
of beer burst out of the Meux and Company Brewery and poured
into the streets of St. Giles, London, England.
1869 - The Cardiff Giant was "discovered"
in Cardiff, New York.
1875 - Brigham Young University was founded in Provo,
1916 - In Brooklyn, New York, Margaret Sanger opened
the first family planning clinic in the United States.
1944 - Wally Walrus debuted in The Beach Nut, a Walter
1968 - Tommie Smith and John Carlos were kicked off
the US team for participating in the 1968 Olympics Black Power
1978 - Karol Wojtyla was elected Pope John Paul II,
the first non-Italian pontiff since 1523.
1984 - Desmond Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1995 - The Million Man March took place in Washington,
DC. Between 400,000 and 850,000 people marched.
1091 - The London Tornado of 1091 destroyed many buildings,
and killed two people.
1814 - The London Beer Flood killed 8 people.
1860 - First Open (Golf) Championship (referred to
in the US as the British Open).
1919 - Radio Corporation of America (RCA) incorporated.
1931 - Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion.
1956 - The first commercial nuclear power station
is officially opened in Sellafield, Cumbria, England.
1956 - Donald Byrne and Bobby Fischer played a game
of chess labeled The Game of the Century. Fischer beat Byrne.
1958 - An Evening With Fred Astaire premiered, it
was one the first "special" programs on television,
and won nine Emmy Awards.
1965 - The 1964-65 New York World's Fair closed. Over
51 million people had attended the event.
1966 - All of NBC's news programming began airing
1973 - OPEC imposed an oil embargo against a number
of Western countries.
1979 - The Department of Education Organization Act
was signed into law, creating the US Department of Education
and US Department of Health and Human Services.
1979 - Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize.
1989 (Earthquake) The Lome Prieta earthquake interrupted
Game 3 of the World Series
2005 - The Colbert Report premiered on Comedy Central
2007 - Storm Chasers debuted on The Discovery Channel
2008 - Ghost Adventures premiered on The Travel Channel
1386 - The University of Heidelberg opened.
1620 - The Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts.
1851 - Herman Melville's Moby-Dick was first published
as 'The Whale.'
1867 - "Seward's Folly" United States took
possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2
1898 - The United States took possession of Puerto
Rico from Spain.
1922 - The British Broadcasting Company (Corporation)
BBC was founded.
1954 - Texas Instruments introduced the first Transistor
1964 - Jackie Mason appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show
and may have given Ed "the finger" on the air. He
never appeared on the show again.
1968 - The US Olympic Committee suspended Tommie Smith
and John Carlos for giving a "Black Power" salute
during a victory ceremony at the Mexico City games.
1988 - Rosanne premiered on ABC
1512 - Martin Luther earned a doctorate of theology.
1798 - Chief Justice John Jay was sworn in as the
first Chief Justice of the United States.
1982 - St. Elsewhere premiered on NBC
1987 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell by 22%
(508 points), named Black Monday.
2003 - Mother Teresa was beatified (step before sainthood)
by Pope John Paul II.
2004 - The Biggest Loser premiered on NBC.
2012 - Built in 1952, Big Tex, a 52-foot statue and
icon in Dallas was destroyed by fire in the 2012 State Fair
1720 - Caribbean pirate Calico Jack Rackham, one of
the first pirates to use the "Jolly Roger", was
captured by the Royal Navy.
1803 - The United States Senate ratified the Louisiana
1818 - The Convention of 1818 was signed between the
US and the UK which settled the Canada/United States border
on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
1873 - Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities
drafted the (American) Football rules.
1944 - Liquid natural gas exploded from storage tanks
in Cleveland, killing 130 people.
1951 - CBS began using the "Eyeball" logo.
1968 - Jacqueline Kennedy married Greek shipping tycoon
1977 - Lynyrd Skynyrd members Ronnie Van Zandt, Steve
Gaines and Cassie Gaines died in a plane crash. None were
1981 - Two police officers and a Brinks armored car
guard are killed during an armed $1.6 million robbery in Rockland
County, New York, carried out by members of the Black Liberation
Army and Weather Underground.
1991 - The Oakland Hills, California firestorm killed
2001 - Concert For New York: A Tribute To Heroes was
broadcast on VH1, and other networks. It raised funds for
the families of those killed by the September 11 terrorist
2011 - The National Transitional Council rebel forces
captured (in hiding) Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his
hometown of Sirte.
1520 - Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait now known
as Strait of Magellan in South America.
1797 - In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States
Navy frigate USS Constitution was launched. It was the third
such vessel completed for the US Navy.
1854 - Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses
are sent to the Crimean War.
1921 - The Sheik, starring Rudolph Valentino, premiered
in Los Angeles
1921 - President Warren G. Harding delivered the first
speech by a sitting US President against lynching in the Deep
1940 - For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway
1959 -The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed by
Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City.
1973 - John Paul Getty III's ear was cut off by his
kidnappers and sent to a newspaper in Rome, with a note -
"This is Paul's ear. If we don't get some money within
10 days, then the other ear will arrive. In other words, he
will arrive in little bits."
1978 - Frederick Valenteich (flying a Cessna 182 airplane)
disappeared over Melbourne, Australia reght after describing
a UFO to the control tower. The last seventeen seconds of
his transmission were described as 'metallic scraping.'
1994 - North Korea and the United States signed an
agreement that required North Korea stop its nuclear weapons
program and agree to inspections. On October 9, 2006, North
Korea announced it had successfully conducted its first nuclear
1995 - Blind Melon's Shannon Hoon died of a cocaine
362 - The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside Antioch,
(in modern day Turkey) was destroyed in a fire.
1746 - The College of New Jersey (renamed Princeton
University in 1896) received its charter.
1836 - Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first President
of the Republic of Texas.
1879 - Thomas Edison tested the first practical electric
incandescent light bulb - it lasted 13 1/2 hours.
1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City
opened (with a performance of Gounod's Faust).
1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead punched magician Harry
Houdini, while he was still preparing for it) in the stomach
in Montreal, later causing his death.
1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI) agents shot and killed bank robber Pretty
1962 - US President John F. Kennedy announced that
American reconnaissance planes had found Soviet nuclear weapons
in Cuba, and that he had ordered a naval "quarantine"
of the Communist nation.
1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize
in Literature, but turned down the honor because "a writer
should not allow himself to be turned into an institution".
1976 - Red Dye No. 4 was banned by the US Food and
1978 - The inauguration of Pope John Paul II took
place in Saint Peter's Square.
1850 - The first National Women's Rights Convention
opened in Worcester, Massachusetts.
1861 - President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ
of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related
1915 -Over 25,000 women marched on Fifth Avenue, NYC
to advocate their right to vote.
1917 - Lenin called for the October Revolution.
1935 - Mobsters Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman,
and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are fatally shot
at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey - The Chophouse Massacre.
1946 - The United Nations General Assembly convened
for the first time, in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
1958 - The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue dwarves,
by Peyo, was serialized in the French weekly Spirou magazine.
2011 - Once Upon A Time premiered on ABC
1901 - Annie Edson Taylor, at age 63, became the first
person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1902 (Volcano Eruption) Santa María.
1926 - Harry Houdini's last performance took place
at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit.
1929 - Stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange
1931 - Over the Hudson River, and connecting the Washington
Heights, Manhattan in New York City to Fort Lee, New Jersey,
the George Washington Bridge opened to public traffic.
1946 - A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket took
the first photograph of earth from outer space.
1947 - Walt Disney testified before the House Un-American
2008 - Presidential candidate Barack Obama aired a
30-minute infomercial on CBS, NBC, Fox, BET, Univision, MSNBC
and TV One.
2008 - Many of the world's stock exchanges experienced
their worst declines in history - "Bloody Friday"
1938 - Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman,
denounced swing music as "a degenerated musical system,
turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people."
1940 - Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. was named the first
African American general in the United States Army.
1962 - Nelson Mandela was sentenced to five years
1964 - The Rolling Stones appeared on the Ed Sullivan
1982 - Newhart premiered on CBS
1983 - Microsoft released Word, version 1
1993 - The Rocky Horror Picture Show made its television
debut on FOX, featured a intercut live cast performance.
1774 - The first Continental Congress adjourned in
1775 - King George III of Great Britain went before
Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion,
and authorized a military response to stop the American Revolution.
1776 - Benjamin Franklin went to France to seek French
support for the American Revolution.
1825 - From Albany, New York to Lake Erie, the Erie
1861 - The Pony Express officially closed.
1881 - The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place
at Tombstone, Arizona. The "OK" probably referred
to two families, Ormsby & Kimberly, who owned the nearby
1936 - The first electric generator at Hoover Dam
went into operation.
1958 - Pan American Airways made the first commercial
flight of the Boeing 707, from New York City to Paris, France.
1984 - V (the series) premiered on NBC
1984 - "Baby Fae" received a heart transplant
from a baboon, and died three weeks later.
2001 - The United States passed the first Patriot
312 - Constantine the Great saw the Vision of the
Cross. "In this sign, you shall conquer"
1275 - Amsterdam, in the Kingdom of the Netherlands,
1904 - The first underground New York City Subway
1955 - Rebel Without a Cause, starring James Dean
was released. It premiered the night before, at the Astor
Theater in New York.
1961 - NASA tested the first Saturn I rocket in Mission
1964 - Ronald Reagan delivered his "A Time for
Choosing" speech on behalf of Republican presidential
candidate, Barry Goldwater.
1966 - It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown aired
for the first time (on CBS)
1996 - Pop-Up Video premieres on VH1.
1997 - Stock markets around the world crashed. The
Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 554.26 points (7.18%) to
1420 - Beijing became the officially designated the
capital of the Ming dynasty on the same year that the Forbidden
City, the seat of government, was completed.
1492 - Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba.
1636 - The Great and General Court of the Massachusetts
Bay Colony established the first college in what would become
the United States, now known as Harvard University.
1886 - President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue
of Liberty, in New York Harbor.
1929 - "Black Monday" on Wall Street, preceding
the Great Depression.
1943 - The supposed 'Philadelphia Experiment,' involving
teleportation or invisibility by the US Navy, took place with
the destroyer escort ship, the USS Eldridge. The US Navy maintains
that no such experiment occurred and details of the story
contradict 'well-established facts about the Eldridge.'
1948 - Paul Müller was awarded the Nobel Prize
in Physiology/Medicine for his discovery of the insecticidal
properties of DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
1950 - The Jack Benny Show Premiered on CBS.
1962 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev ordered the
removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba, ending the "Cuban
1965 - Construction on the 650 foot high St. Louis
Arch was completed.
1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded for conspiring
against James I of England.
1886 - The first ticker tape parade took place in
New York City when office workers spontaneously throw ticker
tape into the streets after the Statue of Liberty was dedicated.
1888 - The Convention of Constantinople was signed,
guaranteeing maritime passage through the Suez Canal during
war and peace.
1929 - "Black Tuesday" - The New York Stock
1966 - William Hartnell made his last appearance as
the First Doctor in the concluding moments of Episode 4 of
the Doctor Who serial 'The Tenth Planet'.
1967 - Montreal's World Fair - Expo 67 closed, with
over 50 million visitors.
1971 - Rock Guitarist Duane Allman died in a motorcycle
1993- The very first "Got Milk?" commercial
was broadcast. It was directed by Michael Bay.
1998 - The Gothenburg discotheque fire in Sweden killed
63 students and injured 200 more.
1998 - Space Shuttle Discovery took off with 77-year
old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go
2012 - Hurricane Sandy hit the east coast of the United
States, killing 148 people directly and 138 in the aftermath.
1876 - Great Backeganj Cyclone, India (now Bangladesh)
1945 - Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs
signed a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking the baseball
1938 - Orson Welles broadcast his radio play of H.
G. Wells's The War of the Worlds.
1947 - The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
(GATT), later becoming the World Trade Organisation (WTO),
1974 - The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between
Muhammad Ali and champion George Foreman took place in Kinshasa,
Zaire. Ali won by knockout, knocking Foreman down just before
the end of the eighth round.
1987 - NEC released the first 16-bit (fourth generation)
video game console, the PC Engine, in Japan. It was later
sold around the world under the name TurboGrafx-16.
2002 - Warren Zevon was featured on the Late Show
with David Letterman as the only guest for the entire hour,
performing several songs and spoke about being diagnosed with
inoperable lung cancer.
683 - During the second Second Islamic Civil War and
the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba caught fire and burned down.
1517 - Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door
of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
1913 - Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, from Times
Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San Francisco.
It was the first automobile highway going across United States.
1926 - Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and
peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured (after
an unexpected puch to the stomach a few days earlier).
1941 - Mount Rushmore is completed, featuring the
sculpted head of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore
Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
1968 - "October Surprise" - Just before
the US elections, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announced
that he had ordered a complete cessation of "all air,
naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective
1969 - Wal-mart incorporated in Arkansas.
1991 - Are You Afraid of The Dark premiered on Nickelodeon
1998 - WKOW in Madison, Wisconsin became one of the
first high-definition broadcasts in digital television.
2011 - Today is the date that there were 7 billion
people living on Earth.