1420 - Beijing became the officially designated the capital
of the Ming dynasty on the same year that the Forbidden City,
the seat of government, was completed.
1492 - Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba.
1636 - The Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay
Colony established the first college in what would become
the United States, now known as Harvard University.
1886 - President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of
Liberty, in New York Harbor.
1929 - "Black Monday" on Wall Street, preceding
the Great Depression.
1943 - The supposed 'Philadelphia Experiment,' involving teleportation
or invisibility by the US Navy, took place with the destroyer
escort ship, the USS
Eldridge. The US Navy maintains that no such experiment occurred
and details of the story contradict 'well-established facts
about the Eldridge.'
1948 - Paul Müller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine
for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
1950 - The Jack Benny Show Premiered on CBS.
1962 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev ordered the removal
of Soviet missiles from Cuba, ending the "Cuban Missle
1965 - Construction on the 650 foot high St. Louis Arch was