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June - History, Trivia & Fun Facts

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June Trivia

Now You Know...

Birthstone: Moonstone or Pearl
Flower: Rose or Honeysuckle

Gemini (May 21 - June 20)
Cancer (June 21 - July 20)

More June lore here

Spanish: En junio
Italian: Giugno
French: Juin
German: Juni
Polish: Czerwiec
Latin: Junius
June is named for Juno, Roman queen of the gods.

About June

First Weekend in June: National Doughnut Weekend
Accordian Awareness Month
Adopt A Cat Month
African-American Music Appreciation Month
Aquarium Month
Candy Month
Caribbean American Heritage Month
Dairy Month
Fight The Filthy Fly Month
Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Month
Gay and Lesbian Pride Month
Great Outdoors Month
Iced Tea Month
Papaya Month
June has the Summer Solstice, the day with the longest daylight of the year, typically on June 21st, which is also National Nude day.
June is often considered a "summer month", whereas September is not. This is despite the fact that September has twice as many summer days as June.
June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and one of the four months with a length of 30 days. June is the month with the longest daylight hours of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the shortest daylight hours of the year in the Southern Hemisphere. June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological summer is June 1st. In the Southern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological winter is June 1st.

The month of June is probably named after Juno, the wife of Jupiter, and queen of the gods [Hera in Greek mythology]. It was held sacred to her, and was thought by the Romans to be the luckiest month for marriage, since Juno was the Goddess of Marriage. Wherever the goddess went she was attended by her messenger Iris (the Rainbow), who journeyed so quickly through the air that she was seldom seen, but after she had passed there was often left in the sky the radiant trail of her highly-coloured robe.

Juno is always represented as a tall, beautiful woman, wearing a crown and bearing a sceptre in her hand, and often she is shown with a peacock at her side, since that bird was sacred to her. A story is told of one of her servants, Argus, who had a hundred eyes, only a few of which he closed at a time. Juno set him to watch over a cow which Jupiter wished to steal, for it was really a beautiful girl named Io, whom Jupiter had transformed.

Mercury was sent by Jupiter to carry off Io, and by telling long and wearisome stories to Argus at last succeeded in lulling him into so deep a sleep that he closed all his eyes. The god then seized Argus's own sword and cut off his head. Juno was very sad at the loss of her servant, and gathering up his hundred eyes scattered them over the tail of the peacock, her favourite bird."

The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.

In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15.

June Quotes

Summer makes me drowsy. Autumn makes me sing. Winter's pretty lousy, but I hate Spring.
- Dorothy Parker

June is bustin' out all over.
- Oscar Hammerstein II (From Carousel)

This is June, the month of grass and leaves . . . already the aspens are trembling again, and a new summer is offered me. I feel a little fluttered in my thoughts, as if I might be too late. Each season is but an infinitesimal point. It no sooner comes than it is gone. It has no duration. It simply gives a tone and hue to my thought. Each annual phenomena is reminiscence and prompting. Our thoughts and sentiments answer to the revolution of the seasons, as two cog-wheels fit into each other.
We are conversant with only one point of contact at a time, from which we receive a prompting and impulse and instantly pass to a new season or point of contact. A year is made up of a certain series and number of sensations and thoughts which have their language in nature. Now I am ice, now I am sorrel. Each experience reduces itself to a mood of the mind.
- Henry David Thoreau, in his Journal

Roses are red,
Violets are blue;
But they don't get around
Like the dandelions do.
- Slim Acres

In the spring, at the end of the day, you should smell like dirt.
- Margaret Atwood

The air is like a butterfly
With frail blue wings.
The happy earth looks at the sky
And sings.
- Joyce Kilmer, Spring

Mine is the Month of Roses; yes, and mine
The Month of Marriages! All pleasant sights
And scents, the fragrance of the blossoming vine,
The foliage of the valleys and the heights.
Mine are the longest days, the loveliest nights;
The mower's scythe makes music to my ear;
I am the mother of all dear delights;
I am the fairest daughter of the year.
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

People don't notice whether it's winter or summer when they're happy.
- Anton Chekhov


June in Pop Culture History

June 1
► 1813 - James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, gave the now famous line: "Don't give up the ship!"

► 1831 - James Clark Ross discovered the Magnetic North Pole.

► 1965 (Explosion) A coal mine explosion in Fukuoka, Japan at the Yamano mine killed 236 people.

► 1967 - Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles was released.

► 1968 - Blind and Deaf popular icon Helen Keller died. (born June 27, 1880)

► 1974 - The Heimlich maneuver, named after Dr. Henry Heimlich, was published in the journal Emergency Medicine.

► 1980 - The Cable News Network (CNN) began broadcasting

► 1991- The Comedy Network became Comedy Central

► 1994 - FX Network makes its debut. It was the first cable TV network owned by FOX.

► 1996 - Major League Baseball debuted for the first time on FOX

► 2009 - The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien premiered on NBC

► 2009 - General Motors filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

June 2
► 455 - The Sack of Rome: Vandals enter Rome, and plundered the city for several weeks.

► 1098 - First Crusade: The first Siege of Antioch ended as Crusader forces take the city. The crusades were a result of Muslim conquests of the Christian holy lands.

► 1835 - P. T. Barnum and his circus began touring the United States.

► 1865 - Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, a commander of Confederate forces, signed the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators, ending the US civil war.

► 1953 - The coronation of the United Kingdom's Queen Elizabeth II.

► 1962 - Ray Charles hit Billboards Top 5 in both Pop and R&B with a country tune - "I Can't Stop Loving You"

► 1966 - Surveyor 1 landed in Oceanus Procellarum on the Moon.

► 1991 - Liquid Television debuted on MTV

► 2004 - Ken Jennings began his 74-game winning streak on the syndicated game show Jeopardy.

June 3
► 1888 - The poem 'Casey at the Bat' by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, was published in the San Francisco Examiner.

► 1889 - The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States was completed, 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon.

► 1956 - Santa Cruz, CA authorities announced a total ban on rock and roll at public gatherings, calling the music "Detrimental to both the health and morals of our youth and community."

► 1965 - Ed White, a Gemini 4 crew member, performs the first American spacewalk.

► 1968 - Valerie Solanas attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times.

► 1992 - Presidential candidate Bill Clinton appeared on the Arsenio Hall Show and played the saxophone

► 1996 - Zenith introduced the first HDTV-compatible front projection TV in the U.S.

► 1989 - The government of China sent troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.

► 2010 - Long suspected of his involvement in the 2005 disappearance of Natalee Holloway, Joran van der Sloot was arrested for the murder of Stephany Flores in Lima, Peru.

June 4
► 1784 - Elisabeth Thible was the first woman to fly in an untethered hot air balloon, flying for about 45 minutes.

► 1812 - Following Louisiana's admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory is renamed the Missouri Territory.

► 1876 - The Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, in only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City.

► 1919 - The US Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed voting for women, and sends it to the individual states for ratification.

► 1974 - During a 'Ten Cent Beer Night' inebriated Cleveland Indians fans started misbehaving, causing the game to be forfeited to the Texas Rangers.

► 1976 - 'The gig that changed the world.' A few dozen people saw the debut of the Sex Pistols at the Lesser Free Trade Hall in Manchester, England

► 1986 - Jonathan Pollard pled guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel.

► 1989 - The 'Tank Man' halted the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

June 5
► 1851 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom's Cabin (or Life Among the Lowly) began a ten-month run in the National Era, an abolitionist newspaper.

► 1883 - The first regularly scheduled Orient Express left Paris.

► 1933 - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt took the United States off of the "Gold Standard", a result of the Great Depression. President Nixon, in 1971, completed the transition when he announced that the United States would no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, $35 an ounce at that time.

► 1956 - Elvis Presley introduced his new single, 'Hound Dog', on The Milton Berle Show

► 1966 - The Beatles had a taped appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, debuting music videos for "Rain" and "Paperback Writer."

► 1968 - Robert F. Kennedy was shot and killed at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, by Sirhan Sirhan, a Palestinian.

► 1981 - The "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report" of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that five people in Los Angeles, California, had a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what turns out to be the first recognized cases of AIDS.

► 1989 - The Tiananmen Square protests ended violently in Beijing by the People's Liberation Army, with at least 241 dead. Many western journalists had errantly speculated that the army would not fight against the people.

► 1995 - Singled Out with host Chris Hardwick premiered on MTV

► 2011 - Teen Wolf premiered on MTV

June 6
► 1844 - The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) was founded in London.

► 1882 (Cyclone) More than 100,000 people in Bombay, India were killed.

► 1889 - The Great Seattle Fire destroyed 25 blocks of downtown Seattle.

► 1912 (Volcano Eruption) Novarupta

► 1933 - America's first drive-in opened near Camden, New Jersey, opened today. The first feature was a 1932 film, "Wives Beware," and admission was 25 cents per car and an additional 25 cents per person.

► 1944 - D-Day: the day the Allied powers crossed the English Channel and landed on the beaches of Normandy, France, turning the tide of the war against Germany.

► 1948 - BBC Television begins broadcasting again for the first time since 1939.

► 1964 - The Rolling Stones made their American TV debut on The Hollywood Palace.

► 1971 - The Ed Sullivan Show aired for the very time on CBS.

► 1983 - Reading Rainbow premiered on PBS

► 1997 - Farrah Fawcett made a bizarre appearance on the Late Show With David Letterman. She went on long tirades and story-telling sprees that made little to no sense and was distracted by blinking lights in the studio.

► 1998 - Sex and The City premiered on HBO

► 2002 - A near-Earth asteroid, estimated at 30 feet in diameter, exploded over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya.

► 2005 - In Gonzales v. Raich, the US Supreme Court upheld a federal law banning cannabis, including medical marijuana.

June 7
► 1692 (Earthquake) Port Royal, Jamaica, over 1,000 people were killed.

► 1755 (Earthquake) Tabriz, Iran

► 1893 - Mohandas Gandhi committed his first act of civil disobedience.

► 1955 - The $64,000 Question debuted on CBS.

► 1962 - Credit Suisse (then known as Schweizerische Kreditanstalt) opened the first drive-through bank, in Switzerland at St. Peter-Strasse 17, near Paradeplatz in downtown Zurich.

► 1976 - 'The Tribal Rites of the New Saturday Night' by journalist Nik Cohn was published in New York Magazine. It was the inspiration for the film 'Saturday Night Fever.'

► 1981 - The Israeli Air Force destroyed Iraq's Osiraq nuclear reactor during Operation Opera.

► 1990 - Universal Studios Florida opened in Orlando, FL.

► 2002 - Kim Possible premiered on The Disney Channel.

June 8
► 632 - Muhammad, the Islamic prophet, died in Medina.

► 1783 (Volcano Eruption) Laki, Iceland, killed over 9,000 over a period of months, and caused a 7 year famine.

► 1906 - Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.

► 1948 - Texaco Star Theater (later The Milton Berle Show) was first broadcast on NBC

► 1949 - George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is published.

► 1949 - The FBI reported notable Hollywood elite as communists, including John Garfield, Paul Robeson, Paul Muni, and Edward G. Robinson.

► 1953 (Tornado) Flint, Michigan

► 1953 - The US Supreme Court ruled that restaurants in Washington DC, could not refuse to serve black patrons.

► 1966 - National Football League (NFL) and American Football League (AFL) announced that they would merge.

► 1969 - Founder Brian Jones quit The Rolling Stones. He died a month later, at age 27.

► 1990 - Charles Freeman, the owner of E-C Records store in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, was charged with illegally selling the 'legally obscene' 2 Live Crew's 'As Nasty As They Wanna Be' to an undercover officer.

June 9
► 1650 - The Harvard Corporation, one of the two administrative boards of Harvard, was established. It was the first legal corporation in the Americas.

► 1856 - 500 Mormons left Iowa City, Iowa, and headed west for Salt Lake City.

► 1934 - Donald Duck debuted in The Wise Little Hen.

► 1978 - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormans) opened its priesthood to "all worthy men", ending a 148-year-old policy of excluding black men.

► 1984 (Tornado) Belyanitsky, Ivanovo, and Balino, Russia

► 1993 - 'Hollywood Madame' Heidi Fleiss was arrested.

► 1997 - Married With Children television series came to an end on FOX.

► 2006 - Disney's 'Cars' was released in theaters.

June 10
► 1692 - Bridget Bishop was hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries."

► 1829 - The first Boat Race between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge took place. Oxford won.

► 1854 - The first class of United States Naval Academy students graduated.

► 1886 (Volcano Eruption) Mount Tarawera

► 1916 - An Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire led by Lawrence of Arabia began.

► 1935 - Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by Dr. Robert Smith and Bill Wilson.

► 1944 - 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds became the youngest player ever in a Major League Baseball game.

► 1947 - Saab produced its first automobile.

► 1977 - The Apple II, one of the first personal computers, went on sale.

► 1991 - 11-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard was kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she was freed in 2009.

► 1994 - Pay television content descriptors which describe the varying degrees of suggestive or explicit content in a series and movies began being broadcast by pay channels such as HBO, Cinemax and Showtime.

► 2007 - HBO's critically acclaimed, multi-award-winning Mob-family drama 'The Sopranos' ended with a sudden cut to black and silence, leaving many fans to wonder whether Tony Soprano was dead or still alive.

June 11
► 323 BC - Alexander the Great died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon.

► 1509 - Henry VIII of England married Catherine of Aragon.

► 1837 - The Broad Street Riot occurred in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish.

► 1949 - Hank Williams, Sr. debuted at the Grand Ole Opry.

► 1955 - Eighty-three spectators were killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collided at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the deadliest accident to date in motorsports.

► 1962 - Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin (allegedly) became the only prisoners to escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island. They were never seen again after escaping on an inflatable raft.

► 1963 - Alabama Governor George Wallace (D) stood at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from attending the school.

► 1979 - Actor John Wayne died afrer a decade-long fight with cancer.

► 1982 - E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial was released in theaters.

► 1986 - 'Ferris Bueller's Day Off' was released in theaters. The rare Ferrari 250 GT Spyder California was not really destroyed in the film.

► 2001 - Timothy McVeigh was executed for his role in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.

► 2002 - American Idol premiered on FOX

► 2002 - Antonio Meucci was acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress. His 1871 patent was not as detailed as Alexander Graham Bell's 1876 patent.

June 12
► 1790 - A 'Red Globe' was being reported by many people, flying over France

► 1899 (Tornado) New Richmond, Wisconsin

► 1939 - The Baseball Hall of Fame opened in Cooperstown, New York.

► 1942 - Anne Frank received a diary for her thirteenth birthday.

► 1964 - Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.

► 1967 - The US Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declared all US state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.

► 1972 - Fast food restaurant chain Popeyes was founded in Arabi, Louisiana.

► 1987 - "Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall." - Ronald Reagan, referring to the Berlin Wall.

► 1998 - Geraldo ended (syndicated show)

► 1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California.

► 1997 - Queen Elizabeth II reopened the Globe Theatre in London.

► 1999 - The Style Network made its debut.

June 13
► 1373 - Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest international agreement in the world which is still in force.

► 1525 - Ex-Catholic priest Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.

► 1774 - Rhode Island became the first of Britain's North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves.

► 1886 - Great Vancouver Fire destroyed much of the Canadian city.

► 1898 - Yukon Territory was formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.

► 1904 - PS General Slocum fire and sank, East River, New York

► 1927 - Aviator Charles Lindbergh received his famous ticker-tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York City.

► 1962 - Stanley Kubrick's controversial Lolita was released.

► 1966 - The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them. It is a bit more detailed than what police say in most televised crime dramas.

► 1971 - The New York Times published the "Pentagon Papers."

► 1994 - A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blamed recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages.

► 2012 - Dallas, originally on CBS, returned to television, this time on TNT

June 14
► 1158 - Munich (in what is now Germany) was founded by Henry the Lion on the banks of the river Isar.

► 1775 -The Continental Army was established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army.

► 1777 - The Stars and Stripes was adopted by Congress as the Flag of the United States. Today, June 14 is officially 'Flag day' in the United States.

► 1789 - Whiskey distilled from maize was first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

► 1872 - Trade unions were legalized in Canada.

► 1954 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill that placed the words 'under God' into the United States Pledge of Allegiance.

► 1959 - Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opened to the public in Anaheim, California.

► 1966 - The Vatican announced the abolition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum ("index of prohibited books"), which was originally instituted in 1557.

► 1967 - The People's Republic of China tested its first hydrogen bomb.

► 2002 - 'The Bourne Identity' was released in theaters.

June 15
► 763 BC - Assyrians recorded a solar eclipse, and that detail was later used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history.

► 1215 - The signed (sealed) Magna Carta guaranteed King John would respect feudal rights and privileges, uphold the freedom of the church within his kingdom. This was probably the same King John of Robin Hood lore.

► 1648 - Margaret Jones was hanged in Boston for witchcraft in the first such execution for the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

► 1752 - Benjamin Franklin proved that lightning is electricity (traditional date, the exact date is unknown).

► 1844 - Charles Goodyear received a patent (#3,633) for vulcanization, a process to strengthen rubber.

► 1846 - The Oregon Treaty established the 49th parallel as the border between the United States and Canada, from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Juan de Fuca.

► 1878 - Eadweard Muybridge took a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it runs; the study becomes the basis of motion pictures. The purpose of the shoot was to determine whether a galloping horse ever lifts all four feet completely off the ground during the gait, since the human eye could not break down the action. It is considered by many to be the first 'motion picture.'

► 1896 (Earthquake & Tsunami) Meiji-Sanriku, Japan

► 1991 (Volcano Eruption) Mount Pinatubo

► 1994 - Israel and Vatican City established full diplomatic relations.

► 2012 - Nik Wallenda became the first person to successfully tightrope walk over Niagara Falls.

June 16
► 1816 - Lord Byron read 'Fantasmagoriana' to his four house guests - Percy Shelley, Mary Shelley, Claire Clairmont, and John Polidori, and inspired his challenge that each guest write a ghost story.

► 1858 - Abraham Lincoln gave his "a house divided against itself cannot stand" speech.

► 1884 - The first public roller coaster, LaMarcus Adna Thompson's "Switchback Railway" opened in New York's Coney Island amusement park.

► 1903 - The Ford Motor Company was incorporated.

► 1911 - IBM as founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York.

► 1961 - Dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the US from the Soviet Union.

► 1963 - Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space on Vostok 6.

► 1967 - The Monterey Pop Festival began.

► 2010 - Hot in Cleveland premiered on TV Land.

June 17
► 1462 - Vlad III the Impaler attempted to assassinate Mehmed II, forcing him to retreat from Wallachia, in Romania.

► 1963 - The US Supreme Court ruled 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp, against requiring the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord's Prayer in public schools.

► 1971 - President Richard Nixon declared the US War on Drugs.

► 1987 - Florida's Dusky Seaside Sparrow became extinct when 'Orange band', the last known of the species, died.

► 1994 - All major networks provided live coverage of the O.J. Simpson low-speed car chase in the White Bronco. The chase concluded with Simpson's surrender to authorities in front of his mansion in Brentwood, CA.

June 18
► 1812 - The U.S. Congress declares war on Great Britain, Canada, and Ireland, starting The War of 1812.

► 1815 - Napoleon defeated at Waterloo, in Belgium.

► 1873 - Susan B. Anthony was fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election.

► 1923 - Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets of Chicago.

► 1930 - Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute were held in Philadelphia, PA.

► 1983 - The space shuttle Challenger launched into space on its second mission, with Dr. Sally Ride, making her the first American woman in space.

► 1984 - Conservative talk radio host Alan Berg - "the man you love to hate" - was gunned down and killed in the driveway of his home in Denver, Colorado.

June 19
► 1718 (Earthquake) Gansu, China

► 1846 - The first officially recorded, organized baseball game was played under Alexander Cartwright's rules on Hoboken, New Jersey's Elysian Fields with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the Knickerbockers 23-1.

► 1862 - The US Congress prohibited slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dred Scott v. Sandford.

► 1905 - The first nickelodeon theater opened in Pittsburgh, PA.

► 1910 - The first Father's Day was celebrated in Spokane, Washington.

► 1952 - I've Got A Secret premiered on CBS

► 1953 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed for spying for the Soviet Union, at Sing Sing, in New York.

► 2011 - Falling Skies premiered on TNT

► 2012 - WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange requested asylum in London's Ecuatorian Embassy for fear of extradition to the US after publication of previously classified documents.

June 20
► 1214 - The University of Oxford received its Royal charter.

► 1782 - Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States, with the Bald Eagle clutching both an olive branch and thirteen arrows.

► 1837 - Queen Victoria succeeded to the British throne.

► 1840 - Samuel Morse received the patent (#1647) for the telegraph.

► 1893 - Lizzie Borden was acquitted of the murders of her father and stepmother.

► 1945 - The United States Secretary of State approved the transfer of Wernher von Braun (and other Nazi rocket scientists) to America.

► 1948 - Toast of the Town, a variety series hosted by Ed Sullivan, premiered on CBS. It was later renamed 'The Ed Sullivan Show."

► 1963 - The United States and the Soviet Union agreed to establish a "hot line" communication system between the two nations.

► 1975 - Hollywood's first major summer 'must see' blockbuster, Jaws, opened in theaters.

June 21
► 1788 - The United States Constitution was ratified whne the ninth state, Rhode Island signed on.

► 1877 - The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants convicted of murder, were hanged in Pennsylvania prisons, in Schuylkill County and Carbon County.

► 1940 - The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passage begins at Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

► 1948 - Columbia Records introduced the long-playing record album (33 1/3 revolutions per minute) in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York, New York. The first was released in 1949 - ML 4001, Nathan Milstein performing the Mendelssohn violin concerto.

► 1990 (Earthquake) Rudbar, Iran

June 22
► 1633 - The Holy Office in Rome forced Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe

► 1870 - US Congress created the United States Department of Justice.

► 1937 - Joe Louis won the world heavyweight boxing title when he defeated Jim Braddock.

► 1942 - Pledge of Allegiance was formally adopted by Congress.

► 1950 - The publication 'Red Channels: The Report of Communist Influence in Radio and Television' listed many suspected communists in American media, including Leonard Bernstein, Aaron Copland, Lena Horne, Pete Seeger, Artie Shaw and Orson Welles.

► 2001 - 'The Fast and the Furious' was released in theaters.

► 2009 - Eastman Kodak Company announced that it would discontinue sales of the Kodachrome Color Film.

June 23
► 1683 - William Penn signed a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.

► 1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes received the patents (#79265 & #79868) for an invention he called the "Type-Writer." He also invented the 'QWERTY keyboard' in 1873.

► 1894 - The International Olympic Committee was founded at the Sorbonne in Paris.

► 1926 - The College Board administered the first SAT exam.

► 1944 (Tornado) Shinnston, West Virginia

► 1973 - A fire at a house in Hull, England which killd a six year old boy, was the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale.

► 1980 - The David Letterman Show debuted on NBC daytime. It was cancelled a few months later.

► 1989 - Batman, starring Micheal Keaton, was released in theaters.

► 2013 - Nik Wallenda became the first man to successfully walk across the Grand Canyon on a tight rope.

June 24
► 1374 - An early, sudden outbreak of 'St. John's Dance' caused people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapsed from exhaustion.

► 1916 - Mary Pickford became the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract (with Adolph Zukor/Paramount).

► 1938 - Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, landed near Chicora, in western Pennsylvania.

► 1947 - Kenneth Arnold reported seeing the Mount Rainier UFO

► 1948 - Veteran Pilots Clartence Chiles and Charles Whitted, in Alabama, saw a cigashaped vehicle, with windows, flying beside them.

► 1949 - The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, aired on NBC starring William Boyd.

► 1957 - Jack Parr became the host to the revived Tonight Show on NBC,

► 1997 - US Air Force officials released a 231-page report dismissing all of the claims of an alien spacecraft crash in Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947.

► 2004 - In New York, capital punishment is declared unconstitutional.

► 2008 - Wipeout premiered on ABC.

June 25
► 1876 - Native American forces, led by Chiefs Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull, defeated the US Army troops lead by Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer in a battle near southern Montana's Little Bighorn River.

► 1910 - The US Congress passed the Mann Act, which prohibited interstate transport of females for "immoral purposes."

► 1914 - The Greal Salem Fire, Massachusettes

► 1944 - The final page of the comic strip Krazy Kat was published, months after the author, George Herriman died.

► 1947 - The Diary of a Young Girl (better known as The Diary of Anne Frank) was published.

► 1949 - The cartoon classic, 'Long-Haired Hare' starring Bugs Bunny, was released in theaters.

► 1967 - The special Our World was the first live worldwide "via satellite" TV broadcast, transmitting to 30 countries via the BBC. The Beatles closed the show ith 'All You Need Is Love'. Performers include Mick Jagger, opera singer Maria Callas, Vienna Boys' Choir, Keith Richards, Keith Moon, Eric Clapton, Pattie Harrison, Jane Asher, Graham Nash, and others. The show lasted 2 and a half hours.

► 1978 - The rainbow flag, representing gay pride, was flown for the first time in the San Francisco Gay Freedom Day Parade.

► 2009 - Michael Jackson died after suffering from cardiac arrest caused by a fatal combination of drugs given to him by his personal doctor, Conrad Murray.

June 26
► 1807 - Lightning struck a gunpowder factory in Luxembourg, killing more than 300 people.

► 1870 - Christmas was declared a federal holiday in the United States.

► 1906 - 1906 French Grand Prix, the first Grand Prix motor racing event was held. Ferenc Szisz, driving for the Renault team, won the two day event.

► 1926 - Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises novel was released.

► 1927 - The Cyclone roller coaster opened on Coney Island.

► 1934 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Federal Credit Union Act, which established credit unions in the US.

► 1936 - The first flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first working helicopter, in Berlin, Germany.

► 1945 - The United Nations Charter was signed, in San Francisco.

► 1948 - Shirley Jackson's short story, The Lottery, was published in The New Yorker magazine.

► 1963 - US President John F. Kennedy gave his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech.

► 1974 - The Universal Product Code was scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.

► 1977 - Elvis Presley performed the final concert of his life in Indianapolis, Indiana.

► 1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Communications Decency Act violated the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

June 27
► 1556 - The thirteen Stratford Martyrs were burned at the stake near London for their Protestant beliefs.

► 1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Mormons, and his brother Hyrum Smith, were murdered by a mob at the Carthage, Illinois jail.

► 1949 - The first sci-fi TV show, Captain Video and His Video Rangers debuted. 1966 - ABC's dark shadows premiered.

► 1968 - Elvis Presley filmed his 'Comeback Special'

► 1976 - Air France Flight 139 (Tel Aviv-Athens-Paris) was hijacked en route to Paris by the PLO and redirected to Entebbe, Uganda.

► 1985 - US Route 66 was officially removed from the United States Highway System.

June 28
► 1635 - Guadeloupe became a French colony.

► 1838 - Coronation of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

► 1894 - Labor Day became an official US holiday.

► 1895 - The US Court of Private Land Claims rules James Reavis' claim to Barony of Arizona is "wholly fictitious and fraudulent."

► 1914 - World War One (orginally 'The Great War') began with the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in Serajevo.

► 1926 - Mercedes-Benz was formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.

► 1964 - Malcolm X formed the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

► 1969 - Stonewall Riots began in New York City, marking the start of the Gay Rights Movement.

► 1992 (Eathquakes) Landers, California, about 100 miles east of Los Angeles.

► 1997 - Mike Tyson bit Evander Holyfield's ear in the third round of their heavyweight rematch, earning a disqualification.

► 2007 - Burn Notice premiered on USA

June 29
► 1613 - The Globe Theatre in London burned to the ground.

► 1956 - The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 was signed, officially creating the United States Interstate Highway System.

► 1967 - Actress Jayne Mansfield died in car crash on Interstate 90, east of New Orleans, Louisiana.

► 1974 - Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from the Soviet Union to Canada while on tour with the Kirov Ballet.

► 1995 - STS-71 Mission; Atlantis Space Shuttle docked with the Russian space station Mir for the first time.

► 1998 - The Lifetime Movie Network made its debut.

► 2007 - Apple released its first mobile phone, the iPhone.

June 30
► 1859 - Jean-Francois Gravelet, known as Emile Blondin, became the first daredevil to walk across Niagara Falls on a tightrope.

► 1860 - The 1860 Oxford evolution debate (Huxley-Wilberforce debate or the Wilberforce-Huxley debate) at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History took place.

► 1906 - The United States Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act.

► 1936 - Margaret Mitchell's Gone with the Wind was published.

► 1952 - The Guiding Light premiered on CBS.

► 1953 - The first Chevrolet Corvette rolled off the assembly line in Flint, Michigan.

► 1966 - The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded.

► 1971 - Ohio ratifies the 26th Amendment to the US Constitution, reducing the voting age to 18, putting the amendment into effect.

► 1972 - The first leap second was added to the UTC time system.

► 1987 - Iran-Contra hearings aired during daytime television, pre-empting most programming.

► 1989 - 'Do The Right Thing' was released in theaters.


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