► 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeated Darius
III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela, bringing about
the fall of the Persian Empire.
► 1843 - London's The News of the World began
► 1880 - John Philip Sousa, the first recorded
popular music star, became the leader of the United
States Marine Band.
► 1908 - For $825 each, Ford's Model T car was
put on the market.
► 1940 - The Pennsylvania Turnpike opened to traffic.
It is considered the first US superhighway.
► 1948 - Over Fargo, North Dakota, WW II pilot
George F. Gorman reported 'playing chicken" with
a blinking orb of light UFO. It was visually seen by
people in the control tower, but did not show up on
► 1955 - The Honeymooners premiered on CBS
► 1957 - First appearance of "In God We Trust"
on U.S. paper currency, on one dollar bills.
► 1958 - The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
(NACA) became the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
► 1971 - Walt Disney World opened near Orlando,
► 1989 - Denmark introduced the world's first
legal modern same-sex civil union, called a "registered
► 1992 - Cartoon Network begins broadcasting.
The first cartoon, outside of Droopy Dog's introduction,
was Bugs Bunny in Rhapsody Rabbit.
► 1992- Cartoon Network is initiated.
► 1996 - Animal Planet made its debut
► 1999 - The infamous "You Fool" episode
of Hollywood Squares aired.
► 2006 - Dexter premiered on Showtime
► 2010 - Sony launched Sony Movie Channel
► 2013 - The United States federal government
shutdown of 2013 (October 1-16) affected many operations
for the US government
► 1187 - Saladin captured Jerusalem from Balian
► 1893 - Cheniere Caminada Hurricane, Louisiana
► 1950 - Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz was first
► 1955 - Alfred Hitchcock premiered on CBS
► 1958 - The Huckleberry Hound Show premiered,
► 1959 - The anthology series The Twilight Zone
premiered on CBS.
► 1967 - Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the
first African-American justice of United States Supreme
► 1968 - The Tlatelolco massacre took place in
Mexico City. 30-300 student protesters and supporters
► 2000 - Triple Play (3 cars) was played for the
first time on The Price is Right.
► 2002 - The Beltway sniper attacks began. Paul
LaRuffa, a 55-year-old pizzeria owner, was shot six
times at close range - he survived, but 17 other people
► 2006 - Five school girls were murdered by Charles
Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish school in Nickel
► 1863 - The last Thursday in November was declared
as Thanksgiving Day by US President Abraham Lincoln.
► 1872 - The Bloomingdale brothers opened their
first store at 938 Third Avenue, in New York City.
► 1949 - WERD, the first black-owned radio station
in the United States, opened in Atlanta. WERD was at
860 AM, and is now WAEC.
► 1955 - Captain Kangaroo premiered on CBS
► 1955 - The Mickey Mouse Club premiered on ABC
► 1957 - The California State Superior Court ruled
that Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems was not obscene.
► 1960 - The Andy Griffith Show premiered on CBS
► 1961 - The Dick Van Dyke Show premiered on CBS
► 1985 - The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its
► 1988 - Turner Network Television (TNT) began
on cable, with Gone With The Wind
► 1992- Singer Sinead O'Conner stirred up controversy
when she ripped up a picture of Pope John Paul II on
Saturday Night Live
► 1995 - More than 150 million people tuned in
for the announcement of the verdict in the O.J. Simpson
trial. The not guilty verdict was met with both praise
► 2204 - Desperate Housewives premiered on ABC
► 1535 - The first complete English-language Bible
(the Coverdale Bible) was printed, translated by William
Tyndale and Myles Coverdale.
► 1876 - Texas A&M University opened as the
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas.
► 1883 - First run of the Orient Express, from
Paris, to Giurgiu in Romania via Munich and Vienna.
► 1895 - The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship
was played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode
► 1941 - Norman Rockwell's Willie Gillis character
debuted on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
► 1957 - The USSR launched Sputnik 1, the first
artificial satellite to orbit the Earth.
► 1965 - Pope Paul VI's visit to New York got
television coverage on all 3 American networks. The
Papal Mass at Yankee Stadium was broadcast in color.
► 1980 - Heathcliff premiered on ABC Saturday
► 1988 - Televangelist Jim Bakker was indicted
► 1990 - Beverly Hills, 90210 premiered on FOX
► 2004 - SpaceShipOne won the Ansari X Prize,
for private spaceflight, by being the first private
craft to fly into space.
► 1944 - Suffrage was extended to women in France.
► 1947 - The first televised White House address
was given by US President Harry S. Truman.
► 1950 - You Bet Your Life, featuring Groucho
Marx, premiered on NBC.
► 1962 - Dr. No, the first in the James Bond film
series, was released.
► 1966 There was a partial core meltdown at the
Enrico Fermi demonstration nuclear breeder reactor,
near Detroit, Michigan.
► 1969 - The first episode of Monty Python's Flying
Circus aired on BBC One. It ran 45 episodes, until 1974.
► 1970 - The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)
began broadcasting and National Educational Television
► 1982 - Johnson & Johnson began a nationwide
product recall in the US for all products in its Tylenol
brand after several bottles in Chicago were found to
have been laced with cyanide, resulting in seven deaths.
► 1984 - Marc Garneau became the first Canadian
in space, flying aboard the US Space Shuttle Challenger.
► 1991 - The first official version of the Linux
kernel (version 0.02) was released.
► 2001 - Barry Bonds surpassed Mark McGwire's
single-season home run total withthe 71st and 72nd home
► 2011 - American Horror Story premiered on FX
► 1876 - The American Library Association was
► 1927 - Opening of The Jazz Singer with its Vitaphone
sound-on-disc system, in New York City.
► 1948 (Earthquake) Ashgabat, Soviet Union
► 1948 - The first television network soap opera,
Faraway Hill, is broadcast by the DuMont Network.
► 1981 - Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat was
murdered by Khalid Islambouli.
► 1985 - Jem and the Holograms debuted, in syndication
► 1986 - Double Dare premiered on Nickelodeon
► 2000 - CSI: Crime Scene Investigation premiered
► 2004 - Ghost Hunters premiered on Syfy
► 2007 - Jason Lewis completed the first human-powered
circumnavigation of the globe (pedal power).
► 3761 BC - Today was the first day of creation,
according to the Jewish Talmudic Calendar.
► 1737 (Cyclone) India
► 1919 - KLM, the Netherlands official airline,
► 1933 - Air France began, with the merger of
5 smaller French airlines.
► 1950 - Mother Teresa opened the Missionary of
► 1952 - WFIL in Philadelphia introduced Bandstand
(later called American Bandstand)
► 1958 - The US manned space-flight project was
renamed Project Mercury. It was originally called Project
► 1985 - The Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestine
Liberation Front. The hijackers killed wheel-chair bound
Jewish-American passenger Leon Klinghoffer, throwing
him overboard after shooting him.
► 1996 - The Fox News Channel begins broadcasting.
► 1860 - Telegraph line between Los Angeles and
San Francisco began operating.
► 1881 - Haighong Typhoon, Vietnam
► 1871 - Peshtigo Fire, Wisconsin (2000 estimated
► 1871 - Great Michigan Fire (500? killed)
► 1871 - Peshtigo, Wisconsin Fire (over 1200 killed)
► 1871 - Great Chicago Fire (300 estimated dead)
► 1967 - Che Guevara and his men were captured
► 1982 - Cats, based on Old Possum's Book of Practical
Cats by T. S. Eliot, opened on Broadway and ran for
nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.
► 1984 - 'The Burning Bed' starring Farrah Fawcett,
aired on NBC
► 1986 - The Fox Broadcasting Company became the
US' fourth commercial broadcast television network,
with The Late Show, hosted by Joan Rivers.
► 2001 - US President George W. Bush announced
the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.
► 2005 (Earthquake) Kashmir, Pakistan
► 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne were crowned
Kings of The Franks. Carloman dies in 771, and Charlemagne
reigned until 814.
► 1767 - Surveying for the Mason-Dixon line separating
Maryland from Pennsylvania was completed.
► 1824 - Slavery was abolished in Costa Rica.
► 1873 - The US Naval Institute was established.
► 1888 - The Washington Monument officially opened
to the public.
► 1919 - The Cincinnati Reds won the World Series,
and eight White Sox players were later accused of intentionally
losing games in exchange for money from gamblers.
► 1967 - Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara was
exectuded in Bolivia .
► 1980 - Pope John Paul II met and shook hands
with the Dalai Lama in Vatican City.
► 2006 - North Korea may have tested its first
► 2012 - Pakistani Taliban made a failed attempt
to assassinate 15 year-old Malala Yousafzai on her way
home from school.
► 1780 - The Great Hurricane of 1780 killed20,000
to 30,000 people in the Caribbean region.
► 1845 - In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School
(now the United States Naval Academy) opened.
► 1871 - The Great Chicago Fire finally dissipated.
► 1871 - Tau Epsilon Phi was founded at Columbia
University (other organizations did not allow Jewish
► 1918 - The Cloquet Fire, northern Minnesota,
► 1957 - The finance minister of Ghana, Komla
Agbeli Gbedemah, was refused service in a Howard Johnson's
restaurant in Dover, Delaware. It was a bit of an international
incident. He later was invited to dine with US President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
► 1964 - NBC aired the 1964 Summer Olympics opening
ceremony at Tokyo, Japan, with the first time of live
Olympic telecast program, by geostationary communication
satellite, Syncom 3.
► 1973 - Vice President of the US Spiro Agnew
resigned, after being charged with evasion of federal
► 1983 - Adam, a TV-movie about the mysterious
disappearance of Adam Walsh, premiered on NBC
► 2010 - Cable channel The Hub (Now Discovery
Family) made its debut in the United States.
► 2012 - Nashville premiered on ABC
► 1138 (Earthquake) Aleppo, Syria
► 1811 -The Juliana, began operation as the first
steam-powered ferry service between New York City, New
York, and Hoboken, New Jersey.
► 1852 - The University of Sydney, Australia's
oldest university, opened.
► 1890 The Daughters of the American Revolution
were founded, in Washington, DC.
► 1958 - NASA launched the lunar probe Pioneer
► 1962 - Pope John XXIII convenes the Second Vatican
Council, changing several rules, including saying The
mass in the local languages and having the celebrant
(priest) face the congregation.
► 1973 - Charles Hickson and Calvin Parker were
abducted by aliens in Mississippi, they told authorities.
► 1984 - Aastronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes
the first American woman to perform a space walk, on
the Space Shuttle Challenger.
► 2006 - 30 Rock premiered on NBC
► 1792 - First celebration of Columbus Day in
the US was held in New York City.
► 1810 - Oktoberfest begins: In Germany, the Bavarian
royal family invited the citizens of Munich to join
the celebration of the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig
of Bavaria to Princess Therese von Sachsen-Hildburghausen.
► 1823 - Charles Macintosh of Scotland began selling
► 1918 - Cloquet Fire, Minnesota killed over 400
► 1950 - The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show
debuted on CBS.
► 1960 - Nikita Khrushchev famously pounded his
shoe on a desk at United Nations General Assembly.
► 1964 - The USSR launched Voskhod 1 into Earth
orbit as the first spacecraft with a multi-person crew;
it was the first flight without space suits.
► 1979 - The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy,
the first of five books in the Hitchhiker's Guide to
the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas
Adams was published. The Answer? 42.
► 1994 - NASA lost radio contact with the Magellan
spacecraft as it descended into the thick, acidic atmosphere
► 2000 - The USS Cole was badly damaged in Aden,
Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members
and wounding at least 39.
► 1773 - The Whirlpool Galaxy, almost 25 million
light years away, was discovered by Charles Messier.
► 1775 - The United States Continental Congress
ordered the establishment of the Continental Navy (later
renamed the United States Navy).
► 1843 - B'nai B'rith was founded in New York
► 1917 - The 10 minute "Miracle of the Sun"
was witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova
da Iria in Fátima, Portugal.
► 1958 - Paddington Bear made his debut in 'A
Bear Called Paddington.'
► 1963 (Volcano Eruption) Kuril Islands
► 1991- Jennifer Lopez joined the cast of "In
Living Color" as a Fly Girl. Jamie Foxx, Steve
Park and Shawn Wayans are also added to the cast.
► 2010 - The 2010 Copiapo mining accident in Copiapo,
Chile ended as all 33 miners came to the surface after
surviving a record 69 days underground.
► 1926 - Winnie the Pooh, by A. A. Milne, was
► 1881 - Eyemouth Windstorm Disaster, Scotland
► 1908 - The Chicago Cubs defeated the Detroit
Tigers, 2-0, winning the World Series.
► 1912 - Former President of the US, Theodore
Roosevelt, was shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank.
With the fresh wound and bullet in his chest, Roosevelt
still gave his scheduled speech.
► 1947 - Captain Chuck Yeager flew a Bell X-1
rocket-powered (and experimental) aircraft, the Glamorous
Glennis, faster than the speed of sound over the high
desert of Southern California.
► 1964 - Martin Luther King, Jr. received the
Nobel Peace Prize for striving to end racial inequality
► 1972 - Kung Fu premiered on ABC
► 1982 - President Ronald Reagan proclaimed the
War on Drugs.
► 1994 - Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, The
Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and the Foreign
Minister of Israel, Shimon Peres, receive the Nobel
Peace Prize for their role in the establishment of the
► 2003 - The 'Steve Bartman Incident' occurred
during a Major League Baseball (MLB) in the eighth inning
of Game 6 of the National League Championship Series
game played between the Chicago Cubs and the Florida
Marlins. Chicago lost.
► 2007 - Keeping Up with the Kardashians premiered
► 1582 - Pope Gregory XIII implemented the Gregorian
calendar. In several countries October 4 of that year
was followed directly by October 15.
► 1878 - The Edison Electric Light Company began
► 1888 - The "From Hell" letter sent
by Jack the Ripper was received by the London authorities
(Whitechapel Vigilance Committee).
► 1951 - I Love Lucy premiered on CBS. It was
filmed on three cameras, a TV first.
► 1966 - The Black Panther Party was created by
Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
► 1987 - Bob Barker, host of The Price Is Right,
stopped dying his hair. The audience gave hima standing
ovation when he came onstage, white-haired
► 2000 - Curb Your Enthusiasm premiered on HBO
► 2001 - Smallville premiered on The WB
► 1793 - Marie Antoinette, widow of Louis XVI,
was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution.
The phrase "Let them eat cake" is often attributed
to Marie but there is no evidence she ever said it.
► 1814 - The Great Beer Flood. More than 323,000
gallons of beer burst out of the Meux and Company Brewery
and poured into the streets of St. Giles, London, England.
► 1869 - The Cardiff Giant was "discovered"
in Cardiff, New York.
► 1875 - Brigham Young University was founded
in Provo, Utah.
► 1916 - In Brooklyn, New York, Margaret Sanger
opened the first family planning clinic in the United
► 1944 - Wally Walrus debuted in The Beach Nut,
a Walter Lantz's cartoon.
► 1968 - Tommie Smith and John Carlos were kicked
off the US team for participating in the 1968 Olympics
Black Power salute.
► 1978 - Karol Wojtyla was elected Pope John Paul
II, the first non-Italian pontiff since 1523.
► 1984 - Desmond Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace
► 1995 - The Million Man March took place in Washington,
DC. Between 400,000 and 850,000 people marched.
► 1091 - The London Tornado of 1091 destroyed
many buildings, and killed two people.
► 1814 - The London Beer Flood killed 8 people.
► 1860 - First Open (Golf) Championship (referred
to in the US as the British Open).
► 1919 - Radio Corporation of America (RCA) incorporated.
► 1931 - Al Capone was convicted of income tax
► 1956 - The first commercial nuclear power station
is officially opened in Sellafield, Cumbria, England.
► 1956 - Donald Byrne and Bobby Fischer played
a game of chess labeled The Game of the Century. Fischer
► 1958 - An Evening With Fred Astaire premiered,
it was one the first "special" programs on
television, and won nine Emmy Awards.
► 1965 - The 1964-65 New York World's Fair closed.
Over 51 million people had attended the event.
► 1966 - All of NBC's news programming began airing
► 1973 - OPEC imposed an oil embargo against a
number of Western countries.
► 1979 - The Department of Education Organization
Act was signed into law, creating the US Department
of Education and US Department of Health and Human Services.
► 1979 - Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize.
► 1989 (Earthquake) The Lome Prieta earthquake
interrupted Game 3 of the World Series
► 2005 - The Colbert Report premiered on Comedy
► 2007 - Storm Chasers debuted on The Discovery
► 2008 - Ghost Adventures premiered on The Travel
► 1386 - The University of Heidelberg opened.
► 1620 - The Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock,
► 1851 - Herman Melville's Moby-Dick was first
published as 'The Whale.'
► 1867 - "Seward's Folly" United States
took possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia
for $7.2 million.
► 1898 - The United States took possession of
Puerto Rico from Spain.
► 1922 - The British Broadcasting Company (Corporation)
BBC was founded.
► 1954 - Texas Instruments introduced the first
► 1964 - Jackie Mason appeared on The Ed Sullivan
Show and may have given Ed "the finger" on
the air. He never appeared on the show again.
► 1968 - The US Olympic Committee suspended Tommie
Smith and John Carlos for giving a "Black Power"
salute during a victory ceremony at the Mexico City
► 1988 - Rosanne premiered on ABC
► 1512 - Martin Luther earned a doctorate of theology.
► 1798 - Chief Justice John Jay was sworn in as
the first Chief Justice of the United States.
► 1982 - St. Elsewhere premiered on NBC
► 1987 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell
by 22% (508 points), named Black Monday.
► 2003 - Mother Teresa was beatified (step before
sainthood) by Pope John Paul II.
► 2004 - The Biggest Loser premiered on NBC.
► 2012 - Built in 1952, Big Tex, a 52-foot statue
and icon in Dallas was destroyed by fire in the 2012
State Fair of Texas.
► 1720 - Caribbean pirate Calico Jack Rackham,
one of the first pirates to use the "Jolly Roger",
was captured by the Royal Navy.
► 1803 - The United States Senate ratified the
► 1818 - The Convention of 1818 was signed between
the US and the UK which settled the Canada/United States
border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
► 1873 - Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers
universities drafted the (American) Football rules.
► 1944 - Liquid natural gas exploded from storage
tanks in Cleveland, killing 130 people.
► 1951 - CBS began using the "Eyeball"
► 1968 - Jacqueline Kennedy married Greek shipping
tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
► 1977 - Lynyrd Skynyrd members Ronnie Van Zandt,
Steve Gaines and Cassie Gaines died in a plane crash.
None were aged 27.
► 1981 - Two police officers and a Brinks armored
car guard are killed during an armed $1.6 million robbery
in Rockland County, New York, carried out by members
of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
► 1991 - The Oakland Hills, California firestorm
killed 25 people.
► 2001 - Concert For New York: A Tribute To Heroes
was broadcast on VH1, and other networks. It raised
funds for the families of those killed by the September
11 terrorist attacks.
► 2011 - The National Transitional Council rebel
forces captured (in hiding) Libyan dictator Muammar
Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte.
► 1520 - Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait
now known as Strait of Magellan in South America.
► 1797 - In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States
Navy frigate USS Constitution was launched. It was the
third such vessel completed for the US Navy.
► 1854 - Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38
nurses are sent to the Crimean War.
► 1921 - The Sheik, starring Rudolph Valentino,
premiered in Los Angeles
► 1921 - President Warren G. Harding delivered
the first speech by a sitting US President against lynching
in the Deep South.
► 1940 - For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway
► 1959 -The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, designed
by Frank Lloyd Wright, opened in New York City.
► 1973 - John Paul Getty III's ear was cut off
by his kidnappers and sent to a newspaper in Rome, with
a note - "This is Paul's ear. If we don't get some
money within 10 days, then the other ear will arrive.
In other words, he will arrive in little bits."
► 1978 - Frederick Valenteich (flying a Cessna
182 airplane) disappeared over Melbourne, Australia
reght after describing a UFO to the control tower. The
last seventeen seconds of his transmission were described
as 'metallic scraping.'
► 1994 - North Korea and the United States signed
an agreement that required North Korea stop its nuclear
weapons program and agree to inspections. On October
9, 2006, North Korea announced it had successfully conducted
its first nuclear test.
► 1995 - Blind Melon's Shannon Hoon died of a
► 362 - The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside
Antioch, (in modern day Turkey) was destroyed in a fire.
► 1746 - The College of New Jersey (renamed Princeton
University in 1896) received its charter.
► 1836 - Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first
President of the Republic of Texas.
► 1879 - Thomas Edison tested the first practical
electric incandescent light bulb - it lasted 13 1/2
► 1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House in New York
City opened (with a performance of Gounod's Faust).
► 1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead punched magician
Harry Houdini, while he was still preparing for it)
in the stomach in Montreal, later causing his death.
► 1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau
of Investigation (FBI) agents shot and killed bank robber
Pretty Boy Floyd.
► 1962 - US President John F. Kennedy announced
that American reconnaissance planes had found Soviet
nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he had ordered a naval
"quarantine" of the Communist nation.
► 1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre was awarded the Nobel
Prize in Literature, but turned down the honor because
"a writer should not allow himself to be turned
into an institution".
► 1976 - Red Dye No. 4 was banned by the US Food
and Drug Administration.
► 1978 - The inauguration of Pope John Paul II
took place in Saint Peter's Square.
► 1850 - The first National Women's Rights Convention
opened in Worcester, Massachusetts.
► 1861 - President Abraham Lincoln suspended the
writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C., for all military-related
► 1915 -Over 25,000 women marched on Fifth Avenue,
NYC to advocate their right to vote.
► 1917 - Lenin called for the October Revolution.
► 1935 - Mobsters Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto
Berman, and Bernard "Lulu" Rosencrantz are
fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey - The
► 1946 - The United Nations General Assembly convened
for the first time, in Flushing, Queens, New York City.
► 1958 - The Smurfs, a fictional race of blue
dwarves, by Peyo, was serialized in the French weekly
► 2011 - Once Upon A Time premiered on ABC
► 1901 - Annie Edson Taylor, at age 63, became
the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
► 1902 (Volcano Eruption) Santa María.
► 1926 - Harry Houdini's last performance took
place at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit.
► 1929 - Stock market crash on the New York Stock
Exchange "Black Thursday"
► 1931 - Over the Hudson River, and connecting
the Washington Heights, Manhattan in New York City to
Fort Lee, New Jersey, the George Washington Bridge opened
to public traffic.
► 1946 - A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket
took the first photograph of earth from outer space.
► 1947 - Walt Disney testified before the House
Un-American Activities Committee.
► 2008 - Presidential candidate Barack Obama aired
a 30-minute infomercial on CBS, NBC, Fox, BET, Univision,
MSNBC and TV One.
► 2008 - Many of the world's stock exchanges experienced
their worst declines in history - "Bloody Friday"
► 1938 - Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L.
Beckman, denounced swing music as "a degenerated
musical system, turned loose to gnaw away at the moral
fiber of young people."
► 1940 - Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. was named the
first African American general in the United States
► 1962 - Nelson Mandela was sentenced to five
years in prison.
► 1964 - The Rolling Stones appeared on the Ed
► 1982 - Newhart premiered on CBS
► 1983 - Microsoft released Word, version 1
► 1993 - The Rocky Horror Picture Show made its
television debut on FOX, featured a intercut live cast
► 1774 - The first Continental Congress adjourned
► 1775 - King George III of Great Britain went
before Parliament to declare the American colonies in
rebellion, and authorized a military response to stop
the American Revolution.
► 1776 - Benjamin Franklin went to France to seek
French support for the American Revolution.
► 1825 - From Albany, New York to Lake Erie, the
Erie Canal opened.
► 1861 - The Pony Express officially closed.
► 1881 - The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes
place at Tombstone, Arizona. The "OK" probably
referred to two families, Ormsby & Kimberly, who
owned the nearby corral.
► 1936 - The first electric generator at Hoover
Dam went into operation.
► 1958 - Pan American Airways made the first commercial
flight of the Boeing 707, from New York City to Paris,
► 1984 - V (the series) premiered on NBC
► 1984 - "Baby Fae" received a heart
transplant from a baboon, and died three weeks later.
► 2001 - The United States passed the first Patriot
► 312 - Constantine the Great saw the Vision of
the Cross. "In this sign, you shall conquer"
► 1275 - Amsterdam, in the Kingdom of the Netherlands,
► 1904 - The first underground New York City Subway
► 1955 - Rebel Without a Cause, starring James
Dean was released. It premiered the night before, at
the Astor Theater in New York.
► 1961 - NASA tested the first Saturn I rocket
in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
► 1964 - Ronald Reagan delivered his "A Time
for Choosing" speech on behalf of Republican presidential
candidate, Barry Goldwater.
► 1966 - It's the Great Pumpkin, Charlie Brown
aired for the first time (on CBS)
► 1996 - Pop-Up Video premieres on VH1.
► 1997 - Stock markets around the world crashed.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 554.26 points
(7.18%) to 7,161.15.
► 1420 - Beijing became the officially designated
the capital of the Ming dynasty on the same year that
the Forbidden City, the seat of government, was completed.
► 1492 - Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba.
► 1636 - The Great and General Court of the Massachusetts
Bay Colony established the first college in what would
become the United States, now known as Harvard University.
► 1886 - President Grover Cleveland dedicated
the Statue of Liberty, in New York Harbor.
► 1929 - "Black Monday" on Wall Street,
preceding the Great Depression.
► 1943 - The supposed 'Philadelphia Experiment,'
involving teleportation or invisibility by the US Navy,
took place with the destroyer escort ship, the USS Eldridge.
The US Navy maintains that no such experiment occurred
and details of the story contradict 'well-established
facts about the Eldridge.'
► 1948 - Paul Müller was awarded the Nobel
Prize in Physiology/Medicine for his discovery of the
insecticidal properties of DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
► 1950 - The Jack Benny Show Premiered on CBS.
► 1962 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev ordered
the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba, ending the
"Cuban Missle Crisis."
► 1965 - Construction on the 650 foot high St.
Louis Arch was completed.
► 1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded for conspiring
against James I of England.
► 1886 - The first ticker tape parade took place
in New York City when office workers spontaneously throw
ticker tape into the streets after the Statue of Liberty
► 1888 - The Convention of Constantinople was
signed, guaranteeing maritime passage through the Suez
Canal during war and peace.
► 1929 - "Black Tuesday" - The New York
Stock Exchange crashed.
► 1966 - William Hartnell made his last appearance
as the First Doctor in the concluding moments of Episode
4 of the Doctor Who serial 'The Tenth Planet'.
► 1967 - Montreal's World Fair - Expo 67 closed,
with over 50 million visitors.
► 1971 - Rock Guitarist Duane Allman died in a
► 1993- The very first "Got Milk?" commercial
was broadcast. It was directed by Michael Bay.
► 1998 - The Gothenburg discotheque fire in Sweden
killed 63 students and injured 200 more.
► 1998 - Space Shuttle Discovery took off with
77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest
person to go into space.
► 2012 - Hurricane Sandy hit the east coast of
the United States, killing 148 people directly and 138
in the aftermath.
► 1876 - Great Backeganj Cyclone, India (now Bangladesh)
► 1945 - Jackie Robinson of the Kansas City Monarchs
signed a contract for the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking
the baseball color barrier.
► 1938 - Orson Welles broadcast his radio play
of H. G. Wells's The War of the Worlds.
► 1947 - The General Agreement on Tariffs and
Trade (GATT), later becoming the World Trade Organisation
(WTO), was founded.
► 1974 - The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match
between Muhammad Ali and champion George Foreman took
place in Kinshasa, Zaire. Ali won by knockout, knocking
Foreman down just before the end of the eighth round.
► 1987 - NEC released the first 16-bit (fourth
generation) video game console, the PC Engine, in Japan.
It was later sold around the world under the name TurboGrafx-16.
► 2002 - Warren Zevon was featured on the Late
Show with David Letterman as the only guest for the
entire hour, performing several songs and spoke about
being diagnosed with inoperable lung cancer.
► 683 - During the second Second Islamic Civil
War and the Siege of Mecca, the Kaaba caught fire and
► 1517 - Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on
the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.
► 1913 - Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, from
Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San
Francisco. It was the first automobile highway going
across United States.
► 1926 - Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene
and peritonitis that developed after his appendix ruptured
(after an unexpected puch to the stomach a few days
► 1941 - Mount Rushmore is completed, featuring
the sculpted head of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson,
Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln.
► 1968 - "October Surprise" - Just before
the US elections, US President Lyndon B. Johnson announced
that he had ordered a complete cessation of "all
air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam"
effective November 1.
► 1969 - Wal-mart incorporated in Arkansas.
► 1991 - Are You Afraid of The Dark premiered
► 1998 - WKOW in Madison, Wisconsin became one
of the first high-definition broadcasts in digital television.
► 2011 - Today is the date that there were 7 billion
people living on Earth.