1881 - The world's first international telephone
call was made between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada,
and Calais, Maine, United States.
1903 - The first Tour de France bicycle race
1943 - Tokyo City merged with Tokyo Prefecture
area and was dissolved. Since this date, no city in
Japan actually has the name "Tokyo" - that
is, present-day Tokyo is not officially a city.
1963 - ZIP codes were introduced for US mail.
1965 - Maurice Masse, a farmer, in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence,
France said he was 'frozen' by aliens while investigating
the strange noises they were making.
1971 - The Post Office Department (17921971)
became the United States Postal Service
1972 - The first Gay Pride march in England
1979 - Sony introduced the Walkman (in Japan).
1980 - "O Canada" officially became
the national anthem of Canada.
1985 - A&E separated from sister channel
1984 - The PG-13 rating is introduced by the
Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA).
1985 - Nike-at-Nite began on Nickelodeon
1991 - Court TV, which later became truTV, began
airing in the US.
2007 - Smoking in England was banned in all
public indoor spaces.
2007 - The Concert for Diana was held at the
new Wembley Stadium in London and broadcast in 140 countries,
on which would have been her 46th birthday.
1698 - Thomas Savery patented the first steam
1776 - The Continental Congress adopted a resolution
severing ties with the Kingdom of Great Britain, although
the final wording of the formal Declaration of Independence
was not approved until July 4.
1839 - 53 African slaves took over the slave
1890 - The US Congress passes the Sherman Anti-Trust
1962 - The first Wal-Mart store opened in Rogers,
1964 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed
the (Republican written) Civil Rights Act of 1964 meant
to prohibit segregation in public places.
2002 - Steve Fossett became the first person
to fly solo around the world (Australia to Australia
) nonstop in a balloon in just under two weeks.
2005 - The Live 8 benefit concerts - more than
1,000 musicians performed and were broadcast on 182
television networks and 2,000 radio networks.
1819 - The Bank of Savings in New York City,
an early savings bank in the United States, opened.
Many think it was the oldest, but the Philadelphia Saving
Fund Society, was headquartered in Philadelphia, PA.
PSFS was founded in December 4, 1816.
1852 - Congress established the United States'
2nd mint in San Francisco.
1884 - Dow Jones and Company published its first
stock average. The company was founded by three reporters:
Charles Dow, Edward Jones, and Charles Bergstresser.
1952 - The Constitution of Puerto Rico was approved
by the Congress of the United States.
1969 - Rolling Stone member Brian Jones dies
in an accidental drowning (aged 27)
1969 - Lulu the elephant went off script on
live BBC television's 'Blue Peter,' making the first
on-air animal "blooper"
we could find.
1971 - Doors frontman Jim Morrison died of an
accidental drug overdose (aged 27)
1985 - Back to the Future was released, featuring
the now famous 1981 DeLorean DMC-12 time machine/automobile
1054 - A supernova was seen for several months
by Chinese, Arab near the star Zeta Tauri - its remnants
form the Crab Nebula.
1826 - John Adams, second president of the United
States, died the same day as Thomas Jefferson, third
president of the United States, on the fiftieth anniversary
of the adoption of the United States' Declaration of
Independence. The two founding fathers did not get along
during their careers.
1827 - Slavery was abolished in New York State.
1855 - The first edition of Walt Whitman's book
of poems, Leaves of Grass, was published.
1862 - Lewis Carroll told 10-year-old Alice
Liddell a story that was the basis for Alice's Adventures
in Wonderland, published in 1865.
1939 - Lou Gehrig, gave his famous "The
luckiest man on the face of the earth" speech,
and announced his retirement from major league baseball.
1946 - The Philippines gained full independence
from the United States.
1950 - Radio Free Europe was first broadcast.
1961 - Soviet Submarine k-19 Nuclear Underwater
1966 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed
the Freedom of Information Act into United States law,
effective in 1967.
1976 - The Clash performed publicly for the
first time at The Black Swan, in Sheffield, England.
1997 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe landed
on the surface of Mars.
2005 - The Deep Impact collider struck the comet
2012 - The discovery of particles consistent
with the "God particle" - Higgs boson at the
Large Hadron Collider were announced at CERN.
1687 - Isaac Newton published "Mathematical
Principles of Natural Philosophy."
1841 - Thomas Cook organized the first package
excursion (planned vacation tour), from Leicester to
1865 - William Booth and his wife Catherine
establish the Christian Mission, later known as the
Salvation Army (1878).
1921 - Chicago White Sox players were accused
of "throwing" (lose intentionally) the World
1937 - Spam (the luncheon meat, not the internet
junk) was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods
1946 - French designer Louis Reard introduced
the Bikini in Paris.
1954 - The BBC broadcasted its first television
1971 - The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United
States Constitution, lowering the American voting age
from 21 to 18 years, was formally certified by President
1996 - Dolly the sheep was born - the first
mammal cloned from an adult cell (she actually had three
2012 - The Shard in London was inaugurated as
the tallest building in Europe, with a height of 1,020
1189 - Richard I "the Lionheart" acceded
to the English throne.
1348 - Pope Clement VI issued a papal bull (rule)
protecting the Jews accused of having caused the Black
1415 - Jan Hus, an early church reformer, was
condemned as a heretic and then burned at the stake.
1483 - Richard III was crowned King of England.
Although he died in 1485, his body was lost until 2013.
Because of that, many people consider him the greatest
'hide and seek' champion of all time.
1535 - Sir (& Catholic Saint) Thomas More
is executed for treason against King Henry VIII.
1865 - The first issue of The Nation magazine
1933 - The first Major League Baseball All-Star
Game was played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American
League defeated the National League 42.
1947 - The AK-47 assault rifle went into production
in the Soviet Union.
1456 - A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc
of heresy, authorized by Pope Callixtus III, 25 years
after her death.
1520 - Spanish conquistadores defeated a larger
Aztec army at the Battle of Otumba.
1898 - US President William McKinley signed
the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory
of the United States.
1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. staged his first
'Ziegfeld Follies' on the roof of the New York Theater
in New York City.
1928 - Sliced bread was sold for the first time,
by the Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri.
1930 - The construction of the Hoover Dam began.
It was completed/dedicated on September 30, 1935
1946 - Mother Francesca S. Cabrini becomes the
first American to be canonized by the Catholic Church.
1946 - Howard Hughes crashed his XF-11 reconnaissance
aircraft prototype in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
1947 - The Roswell incident, a reported crash
of an alien spaceship near Roswell in New Mexico.
1954 - Elvis Presley made his radio debut when
WHBQ Memphis played his recording for Sun Records, "That's
1981 - US President Ronald Reagan (R) appointed
Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female member
of the Supreme Court of the United States.
2005 - A series of four explosions occurred
on London's transportation system killing 56 people
including four suicide bombers and injuring over 700
2006 - Psych premiered on USA
2009 - Warehouse 13 premiered on Syfy
1776 - The Liberty Bell rang at Pennsylvania
State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia,
inviting citizens to the first public reading of the
Declaration of Independence.
1876 White supremacists killed five Black
Republicans in Hamburg, South Carolina.
1889 - The first issue of The Wall Street Journal
1932 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average reached
its lowest level of the Great Depression, closing at
1947 - Newspapers begin reporting on a UFO crash
that had happened one day earlier.
1948 - The United States Air Force accepted
its first female recruits into a program called Women
in the Air Force (WAF).
1991- Shop Til' You Drop premiered on Lifetime
1992- Melrose Place made its' debut on FOX as
a follow-up to 90210
1994 - Kim Jong-il assumed supreme leadership
of North Korea upon the death of his father, Kim Il-sung.
1540 - King Henry VIII of England annulled the
marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
1776 - George Washington ordered the Declaration
of Independence to be read out loud to members of the
Continental Army in New York, New York, for the first
1868 - The 14th Amendment to the United States
Constitution was ratified, insuring African Americans
(ex-slaves born in the United States) full citizenship
and all persons in the United States due process of
1877 - The inaugural Wimbledon Tennis Championships
began at the All England Club.
1922 - Future film star Johnny Weissmuller swam
the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds, breaking the
world swimming record and the 'minute barrier'.
1962 - Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition
opened at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
1981 - Donkey Kong, a video game created by
Nintendo, was released, featuring the debut of Mario.
1913 - Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F
(57 °C), the highest temperature recorded in the
1921 - (Sunday) Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people
were killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting
and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1925 - In Dayton, Tennessee, the "Monkey
Trial" began with John T. Scopes, a high school
science teacher accused of teaching the theory of evolution
in violation of the Butler Act.
1938 - Howard Hughes set a record by completing
a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.
1950 - Your Hit Parade debuted on NBC.
1962 - Telstar, the world's first communications
satellite, was launched into orbit. An instrumental
pop tune by The Tornadoes titled after the event reached
#1 on the Billboard Pop Music Chart.
1966 - Ultraman debuted in Japan
1978 - World News Tonight premiered on ABC.
1796 - The United States took possession of
Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.
1798 - The United States Marine Corps was re-established
(they had been disbanded after the American Revolutionary
1889 - Tijuana, Mexico, was founded.
1893 - The first cultured pearl was created
under the direction of Kokichi Mikimoto, in Japan.
1914 - Babe Ruth made his debut in Major League
Baseball with the Boston Red Sox.
1922 - The Daisy Dell reopened as The Hollywood
1960 - To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee was
published in the United States.
1972 - The first game of the World Chess Championship
1972 between challenger Bobby Fischer and defending
champion Boris Spassky began.
1973 - Varig Flight 820 crashed near Paris,
France on approach to Orly Airport, killing 123 of the
134 on board. In response, the FAA (The Federal Aviation
Authority) banned smoking on flights.
1977 - Martin Luther King, Jr. was posthumously
awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1979 - America's first space station, Skylab,
was destroyed as it re-entered the Earth's atmosphere
over the Indian Ocean.
2012 - Astronomers announced the discovery of
Styx, the fifth moon of Pluto.
927 - Æthelstan, King of England, secured
a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter
would not ally with Viking kings, beginning the process
of unifying Great Britain. This is considered by most
historians to the closest thing that England has to
a foundation date.
1543 - King Henry VIII of England married his
sixth (and last) wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court
1862 - The Medal of Honor was authorized by
the United States Congress. In 1990, Congress designated
March 25 annually as "National Medal of Honor Day."
1962 - The Rolling Stones performed their first
concert, at the Marquee Club in London, England, United
1997 - Oz premiered on HBO
2002 - Monk premiered on the USA Network
1787 - The Continental Congress enacted the
Northwest Ordinance establishing governing rules for
the Northwest Territory. It also established procedures
for the admission of new states and limits the expansion
1977 - New York City Blackout of 1977
1985 - Live Aid was broadcast from both London
and Philadelphia, on MTV and in syndication
2002 - Fox News Channel became the #1 cable
TV news service of the US, beating long-time champ CNN
2013 - George Zimmerman was found not guilty
in the shooting of Trayvon Martin.
1798 - The Sedition Act became law in the United
States, making it a federal crime to write, publish,
or utter false or malicious statements about the United
1853 - Opening of the first major US World's
Fair - the Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations
in New York City.
1874 - The 'Little Chicago Fire' of 1874 burns
down 47 acres of the city, destroying 812 buildings,
killing 20. The October 10, 1871 'Great Chicago Fire'
1881 - Billy the Kid was shot and killed by
frenemy Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
1911 - Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for
the Wright Brothers, landed his airplane at the South
Lawn of the White House.
1933 - Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political
parties were outlawed except the Nazi Party.
1933 - The Nazi eugenics plan began with the
proclamation of the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily
Diseased Offspring, which called for the compulsory
sterilization of any citizen who suffered from alleged
1060 - Jane Goodall arrived at the Gombe Stream
Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous
study of chimpanzees in the wild.
1969 - The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000
and $10,000 bills were officially withdrawn from circulation.
1992 - 386BSD as released by Lynne and William
Jolitz beginning the Open Source Operating System Revolution.
Linus Torvalds released his Linux soon afterwards.
2000 - A powerful solar flare, later named the
Bastille Day event, caused a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
2008 - The Wendy Williams Show premiered, in
850 (Earthquake) Iran
1149 - The reconstructed Church of the Holy
Sepulchre was consecrated in Jerusalem.
1799 - The Rosetta Stone was found in the Egyptian
village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François
Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.
1834 - The Spanish Inquisition is officially
disbanded after nearly 356 years. Several thousand people
were actually executed over this time, about a dozen
1838 - Ralph Waldo Emerson delivered the Divinity
School Address at Harvard Divinity School, discounting
Biblical miracles and declaring Jesus a great man, but
not God. The Christian Community was not pleased.
1954 - First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype
for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series.
1979 - US President Jimmy Carter gives his so-called
malaise speech, where he characterizes the greatest
threat to the country as "this crisis in the growing
doubt about the meaning of our own lives and in the
loss of a unity of purpose for our nation."
2003 - The Mozilla Foundation was established.
2006 - Twitter was launched. 140 characters
could say a lot.
2007 - Rock of Love with Bret Michaels premiered
622 - The 354 day Islamic Calendar was established.
1769 - Father Junípero Serra founded
California's first mission, Mission San Diego de Alcalá,
alter known as San Diego, California.
1790 - The District of Columbia was established
as the capital of the United States with the Residence
1862 - David Farragut was promoted to rear admiral,
becoming the first officer in United States Navy to
hold the rank.
1915 - The Boy Scout's First Order of the Arrow
ceremony took place and the Order of the Arrow was founded.
1935 - The world's first parking meter was installed
in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The first US patent for
the device was filed by Roger W. Babson, on August 30,
1941 - Joe DiMaggio hit safely for the 56th
consecutive game, a MLB record that still stands.
1945 - (Manhattan Project) Manhattan Project:
The United States successfully detonated a plutonium-based
test nuclear weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
1951 - The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger
was published for the first time, by Little, Brown and
1965 - The Mont Blanc Tunnel linking France
and Italy opened.
1429 - Charles VII of France was crowned the
King of France in the Reims Cathedral after a successful
campaign by Joan of Arc.
1856 - The Great Train Wreck of 1856 in Fort
Washington, Pennsylvania, injuring over 100, and killing
about 60 people.
1918 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his immediate
family were murdered by Bolshevik Chekists at the Ipatiev
House in Yekaterinburg, Russia.
1838 - Douglas Corrigan took off from Brooklyn
to fly the "wrong way" to Ireland and becomes
known as "Wrong Way" Corrigan.
1955 - Disneyland was dedicated and opened by
Walt Disney in Anaheim, California.
1981 - A structural failure caused the collapse
of a walkway at the Hyatt Regency in Kansas City, Missouri
killing 114 people and injuring more than 200.
1989 - First flight of the Northrop B-2 Spirit
2014 - Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, a Boeing
777, was shot down near the border of Ukraine and Russia.
All 298 people on board are killed.
1870 - The First Vatican Council decreed the
dogma of papal infallibility.
1925 - Adolf Hitler published Mein Kampf.
1968 - Intel was founded in Mountain View, California.
1969 - Off of Chappaquiddick Island, Senator
Ted Kennedy from Massachusetts drove an Oldsmobile off
a bridge and his passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne, died.
1976 - Nadia Comaneci became the first person
in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics
at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
2013 - The Government of Detroit filed for the
largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history, with approximately
$20B in debt.
64 - Great Fire of Rome occurred, destroying
half of the city. Contrary to rumors, Nero did not play
the fiddle while it burned, but did blame "the
1848 - A two-day Women's Rights Convention opened
in Seneca Falls, New York.
1952 - The Summer Olympics, officially known
as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were opened in Helsinki,
1995 - Road Rules made its debut on MTV
1996 - Tales From The Crypt TV series came to
1940 - California opened its first freeway,
the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
1960 - The Polaris missile was successfully
launched from a submarine, the USS George Washington,
for the first time.
1969 - A live transmission from the Moon was
viewed by 720 million people around the world, with
the landing of Apollo 11, at 10:56 p.m. EDT on July
20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped onto
the surface of the Moon, live on international television.
1976 - The American Viking 1 spacecraft successfully
landed on Mars.
1977 - The Central Intelligence Agency released
documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing
it had engaged in mind control experiments.
1982 - The Provisional IRA detonated two bombs
in Hyde Park and Regent's Park in central London, killing
eight soldiers, wounding forty-seven people, and killing
1997 - The fully restored USS Constitution (a.k.a.
Old Ironsides) celebrated its 200th birthday by setting
sail again for the first time in 116 years.
2005 - Criss Angel Mindfreak debuted on A&E
356 BC - The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one
of the Seven Wonders of the World, was destroyed by
1865 - In Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok
shot and killed Davis Tutt, in what is considered as
the first western showdown.
1873 - Near Adair, Iowa, Jesse James and the
James-Younger Gang pulled off the first successful train
robbery in the 'American Old West.'
1902 - Willis Carrier showed his air conditioner
concept in Buffalo, New York.
1925 - In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology
teacher John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching
evolution in class, and fined $100.
1949 - The United States Senate ratified the
North Atlantic Treaty (NATO).
1952 (Earthquake) California/Arizona/Nevada
1983 - The world's lowest temperature in an
inhabited location was recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica
(-128.6 °F, -89.2 °C).
2011 - NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with
the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.
1933 - Wiley Post became the first person to
fly solo around the world, traveling 15,596 miles (25,099
km) in seven days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
1934 - In front of Chicago's Biograph Theater,
"Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger was shot
and killed by FBI agents.
1962 - Mariner 1 spacecraft flew off course
several minutes after launch and had to be destroyed
by remote control.
1991 - Jeffrey Dahmer was arrested in Milwaukee
after police discovered human remains in his apartment.
1996- The Daily Show premiered on Comedy Central
2011 - Norway was the location of twin terror
attacks, the first being a bomb blast which targeted
government buildings in central Oslo(killing 8 and injuring
209), the second being a massacre at a youth camp on
the island of Utøya, killing 69 and injuring
1829 - In the United States, William Austin
Burt patented (#5581X) the typographer, an early typewriter.
1903 - The Ford Motor Company sold and shipped
its first car, the Ford Model A.
1926 - Fox Film bought the patents of the Movietone
sound system, for recording sound onto film.
1961 - The Sandinista National Liberation Front
was founded in Nicaragua.
1962 - Telstar relayed the first publicly transmitted,
live, trans-Atlantic television program, featuring CBS's
Walter Cronkite and NBC's Chet Huntley in New York,
and the BBC's Richard Dimbleby in Brussels.
1972 - The United States launched Landsat 1,
the first Earth-resources satellite. The spacecraft
was turned off on January 6, 1978, due to overheating.
1984 - Vanessa Williams became the first Miss
America to resign when she surrendered her crown after
(earlier) nude photos of her appeared in Penthouse magazine.
1995 - Comet HaleBopp is discovered, and
was visible to the naked eye on Earth a year later.
1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, was forced to abdicate
and replaced by her 1-year-old son James VI, after the
sudden death of one husband and the quick marriage to
1823 - Slavery was abolished in Chile.
1847 - Brigham Young brought 148 Mormon pioneers
into Salt Lake Valley, establishing Salt Lake City.
1901 - Writer O. Henry (William Sydney Porter)
was released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving
three years for embezzlement from a bank.
1915 - SS Eastland overturned on the Chicago
1935 - The Dust Bowl heat wave reached its peak,
with temperatures of 109°F (43°C) in Chicago,
Illinois and 104°F (40°C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1950 - Cape Canaveral Air Force Station opened
with the launch of Bumper rocket 8. The first 7 Bumpers
were launched from White Sands, New Mexico.
1974 - The United States Supreme Court unanimously
ruled that President Richard Nixon did not have the
authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and
they ordered him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate
special prosecutor, Archibald Cox.
2002 - Democrat James Traficant was expelled
from the United States House of Representatives on a
vote of 420 to 1 (CA Representative Gary Condit didn't
vote against him).
306 - Constantine I (Constantine The Great)
was proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops.
1593 - Henry IV of France converted from Protestantism
to Roman Catholicism.
1668 (Earthquake) China
1861 - The United States Congress passed the
Crittenden-Johnson Resolution, stating that the war
was being fought to preserve the Union and not to end
1959 - The SR.N1 hovercraft crossed the English
Channel from Calais, France to Dover, England in just
over two hours.
1965 - Bob Dylan played an electric guitar at
the Newport Folk Festival, surprising fans of folk and
1976 - Viking 1 took the now-famous Face on
1978 - Louise Brown, the world's first "test
tube baby" was born at Oldham General Hospital,
1984 - Salyut 7 cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya
became the first woman to perform a space walk.
2010 - WikiLeaks publishes classified documents
about the War in Afghanistan, one of the largest leaks
in US military history.
1775 - Allowance for The United States Post
Office Department was established by the Second Continental
Congress. It was called the Post Office Department 17921971.
United States Postal Service was effective on July 1,
1847 - Liberia disbanded from the support of
American Colonization Society, and formalized their
settlement as the Republic of Liberia.
1887 - Dr. Esperanto's International Language,
usually referred to as Unua Libro (English: First Book)
1908 - United States Attorney General Charles
Joseph Bonaparte issued an order to staff the Bureau
of Investigation (BOI - later renamed the Federal Bureau
of Investigation FBI).
1941 - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered
the seizure of all Japanese assets in the United States.
1946 - Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu
1963 - Syncom 2, the world's first geosynchronous
satellite, was launched from Cape Canaveral. It was
used to telecast the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo to
the United States
1694 - A Royal charter was granted to the Bank
1789 - The first US federal government agency,
the Department of Foreign Affairs, was established (later
renamed the Department of State).
1866 - The first permanent transatlantic telegraph
cable was successfully completed, stretching from Valentia
Island, Ireland, to Heart's Content, Newfoundland.
1890 - Vincent van Gogh shot himself, and died
from the chest wound on July 29.
1929 - The Geneva Convention was signed at Geneva,
Switzerland. The full official name is the 'Convention
Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, Geneva
July 27, 1929.'
1940 - The animated short A Wild Hare is released,
introducing the character of Bugs Bunny. "What's
up, Doc?" was the first line the still-unnamed
rabbit said to Elmer Fudd.
1981 - Adam Walsh, the 6-year-old son of John
& Reve Walsh, was kidnapped in Hollywood, Florida
and is found murdered two weeks later.
1987 - RMS Titanic Inc. begins the first expedited
salvage of wreckage of the RMS Titanic.
1996 - In Atlanta, United States, a pipe bomb
explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996
Summer Olympics. Security guard Richard Jewell saved
many people, although there were many injuries. Jewell
was also falsely accused on setting the bomb. He was
Eric Robert Rudolph was later found to have
been the bomber.
1999 - Tony Hawk landed the first '900' on a
skateboard (two-and-a-half complete revolutions) at
the fifth annual X Games in San Francisco, California.
1896 - The city of Miami, Florida was incorporated.
1945 - A US Army B-25 bomber crashed into the
79th floor of the Empire State Building, killing 14
and injuring 26.
1973 - Nearly 600,000 people attended the Summer
Jam at Watkins Glen rock festival at the Watkins Glen
1976 (Earthquake) Tangshan, China
1996 - The remains of the prehistoric Kennewick
Man were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
2000 - Kathie Lee Gifford left Live with Regis
and Kathie Lee
1148 - The Siege of Damascus ended with a crusader
defeat and lead end of the Second Crusade.
1836 - Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe de
l'Étoile (Arch of Triumph of the Star) in Paris,
1914 - The 7 mile long Cape Cod Canal opened
1916 - Matheson Fire, Ontario
1921 - Adolf Hitler became the leader of the
National Socialist German Workers Party.
1948 - After a hiatus of 12 years caused by
World War II, the first Summer Olympics to be held since
the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, open in London.
1958 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed
the National Aeronautics and Space Act into law, which
created the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
1976 - David Berkowitz (the "Son of Sam")
killed one person and seriously wounded another in the
first of a series of attacks in New York City.
1981 - A worldwide TV audience of over 700 million
people watched the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales,
and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul's Cathedral in London.
1982 - Professional wrestler Jerry Lawler slapped
actor Andy Kaufman in the face on the program Late Night
with David Letterman, a staged event that prompted a
several month 'war' between the two of them.
2005 - Astronomers announce their discovery
of the dwarf planet, Eris.
762 - Baghdad was founded by caliph Al-Mansur.
1619 - In Jamestown, Virginia, the first representative
assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes
for the first time.
1729 - Founding of Baltimore, Maryland.
1733 - The first Masonic Grand Lodge in the
future United States was constituted in Massachusetts.
1866 - New Orleans, Louisiana's Democratic government
ordered police to raid an integrated Republican Party
meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
1871 - The Staten Island Ferry Westfield's boiler
exploded, killing over 85 people.
1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay won the first
FIFA World Cup.
1932 - Premiere of Walt Disney's Flowers and
Trees, the first cartoon short to use Technicolor and
the first Academy Award-winning cartoon short.
1956 - A joint resolution of the US Congress
was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing
In God we trust as the US national motto.
1962 - The Trans-Canada Highway, the largest
national highway in the world, officially opened.
1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed
the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing
Medicare and Medicaid.
1975 - Jimmy Hoffa disappeared from the parking
lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills,
Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. He was declared dead
in July 30, 1982.
2003 - In Mexico, the last Volkswagen Beetle
rolled off the assembly line.
2006 - The world's longest running music show
Top of the Pops is broadcast for the last time. It had
run since January 1, 1964.
781 - The oldest recorded eruption of Mount
Fuji in Japan.
1492 - Jews were expelled from Spain when the
Alhambra Decree took effect.
1790 - The first US patent (X000001) as issued,
to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
1930 - The radio mystery program The Shadow
aired for the first time.
1931 - New York television station W2XAB (now
known as WCBS) began broadcasting.
1948 - Idlewild Field in New York, New York
International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy
International Airport) was dedicated.
1995 - The Walt Disney Company announced their
plans to purchase both ABC and ESPN
2006 - Cuba's Fidel Castro handed over power
to brother, Raul Castro.